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In this dialogue:

A: 现在恢复得怎么样了?
B: 没问题了,又可以爬山了。

Why is 又 used there and not 再?

As far as I know (I might be wrong), both 再 and 又 are used for describing recurring actions, but 又 refers to actions that took place in the past and 再 refers to future actions. So in the example, 可以爬山 (I can climb mountains) seems a future event (needs to go to a mountain first).

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have you seen how the answers disagree? did you simply choose the one with the most upvotes? – magnetar Jan 28 '12 at 14:57
@magnetar, point taken. My mistake was rushing to select it. – dusan Jan 28 '12 at 17:57
Good question. I make no mistake as to when to use which but I cannot explain. Makes me wonder how the brain works. – George Chen Sep 15 '14 at 0:04
up vote 5 down vote accepted

Here, "又" means: "I am able to climb mountains again".

It is not a past or future event. "又可以" here is to show ability.

It implies, "I was able to climb mountains before the (illness), and I've now recovered, and I am able to climb mountains again".

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+1 if i understand you right, the nuance here is that 又 is adding emphasis, right? – magnetar Jan 28 '12 at 14:54
Now that you mentioned it, I think it can be treated as adding emphasis. – fefe Jan 29 '12 at 13:15

In my opinion,

  • 再 foresees the future, as in 再见.

  • 又 emphasis 'once more', as in "又可以爬山了"

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+1 that's the way it feels to me. i am not a native speaker though. but in classical it seems to have this meaning, as in 玄之又玄 – magnetar Jan 28 '12 at 14:52

This 又 "yòu" is more like "also" in this example. "I'm all right now, and I can climb mountains, too."

Probably most similar to the "yòu... yòu..." (both...and...) pattern.

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I don't think this has anything to do with "also". – fefe Jan 25 '12 at 0:50
-1 this answer seems to disagree with the consensus by the native speakers on here. – magnetar Jan 28 '12 at 14:55
Answers given to learners of Chinese are useful when they allow the learner to make the right word choice. I think that thinking of this structure in this way does that. – Terry Waltz Feb 4 '12 at 18:45

又 has the connotation of "there you go again." That is, of repeating a past action in the present.

再 is anticipatory: That is, planning to repeat a present action in the future. 再见, used for "good-bye," literally means "see you AGAIN," (soon). It is the equivalent of the French au revoir or the German auf Wiedersehen.

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