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What is the difference between 通常,经常,and 常常?

I hear them a lot in conversational Chinese, but I can't pick out the difference in meaning. The dictionaries I've checked don't seem to agree on their chosen English translations.

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What meanings have you found that contrast with each other? –  Alenanno Jan 23 '12 at 11:22

6 Answers 6

Generally, 经常 is used ahead of action, like 我经常加班

通常 is used to describe things happened frequently. like 事情通常是这样的

常常 can be used for both of the cases.

----- Edit -----

他通常说的都是对的.

我通常都是晚上开始工作.

both are okay to me too, you can see the differences.

常常 can always take place of 经常 (anyway, I cannot recall any examples now that cannot replace it).

通常来说, 常常 can also take place of 通常, but we just don't say 常常来说 :)

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Can you give a bit more detail here? The examples you give for 经常and 通常 are very similar. –  tbaums Jan 23 '12 at 14:31
    
you can translate 通常 to 'in general' or 'generally', while for 经常 it's 'always' –  Fivesheep Jan 24 '12 at 2:37
    
So, going by your example sentences, it seems that 通常 is used for statements that happen frequently, both past, present, and future. But, is it ok to use 经常 in your sample sentence, like "事情经常是这样的“. If it is ok, do these two statements imply any difference in the frequency of an event? –  Kurtz Jan 24 '12 at 3:16
    
I really cannot see any difference in the frequency of an event by using these two words. –  Milla Jan 29 '12 at 16:44
    
This "通常" example don't fit your translation "frequently”, it actually means mostly, or usually here. –  RnMss 6 hours ago

常常 simply means "often", and is not very formal. You wouldn't find it in legal documents and such.

经常 means "frequently" or "regularly". It's not just conveying the frequency of something, but also its regularity.

通常 also conveys frequency, but it's a bit more like "usually". Under such-and-such a condition, then something often or usually happens.

If I say 我常常在麦当劳吃饭, it just means that I "often" eat at McDonalds. But if it's 我通常在麦当劳吃饭, then when I have a meal, the "normal" or expected case is that I will be eating at McDonalds.

The difference is not really about the degree of frequency/infrequency.

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This answer is explained better than the one by @Milla. However, without references or another authority to back it up, it sits in the #2 ranking. If you could provide authoritative backing then I think this answer would surpass Milla's, especially since there doesn't appear to be a clear answer for this yet. –  Ming Jun 13 '14 at 2:24
    
"You wouldn't find it (常常) in legal documents and such." This is not the point. The reason you won't find 常常 in legal docs is NOT because the word is informal, but because the word is not precise. –  RnMss 4 hours ago

通常 implies a habit, an action always true.我通常九点钟上床。(always )

常常,经常refer to an action frequently happens. (often )

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通常 means "usually", or "for most of the times". It is used to describe things that would probably happen when certain circumstances are met. But the thing it describe doesn't necessarily happen in a high frequency.

常常 and 经常 could both describe things that

  1. has a high possibility to happen when certain circumstances are met. The possibility may be higher than expected or average, but isn't necessarily so high as to be called "for most of the time".

  2. happens in a high frequency.

But the choice is sometimes a matter of grammar. (I'll explain this later in the examples.)

Note Since "通常" is for "most of the time", it is often used with "但是(but)" to show that there are exceptions.

example:

我 [经常, 常常] 锻炼身体。

“通常”这个词 [常常, 经常] 和“但是”一起使用。

我锻炼身体之后,[通常] 会去洗个澡。


洗澡水 [经常, 常常] 过热。 (过热 means overheating, so it is one word.)

洗澡水 [常常] 太热,让我很不舒服。 (太热 are two words, 太 (too) 热(hot) )

洗澡水 [常常] 不是太冷,就是太热。 (不是太冷,就是太热 is a long phrase)

The pronunciation of 经常 (jīngcháng) has a stronger stress than 常常 (chángcháng).

So when people use 常常, the stress is more often in the phrase that follows it, while when using 经常, the stress is more often put on the syllable “经” rather than on the others.

So 经常 are usually followed by a word (or a idiom that counts as a verb). While 常常 could be followed by longer ones like a phrase or a clause, because the stress is not yet used.

But in some informal contexts, people don't care the difference very much.

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通常 = usually

经常 = frequently

常常 = very frequently

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can you explain what is the different between 不时 and 经常 ?

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This is a question, not an answer. –  ʇolɐǝz ǝɥʇ qoq 13 hours ago
    
If you have a new question, please ask it by clicking the Ask Question button. Include a link to this question if it helps provide context. –  songyuanyao 12 hours ago

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