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Organization

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  • Add the resources in alphabetical order so they're easier to find. :)

Note: new rules could be added in the future.


Alphabetical Index

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Few people ever realize, that it's not about the resources. It's how you use them. Most of those shiny ipad and smartphone apps are useless toys. Apps don't learn Chinese, it's you who need to make the efforts, which no app can replace. Computer aid hardly makes language learning any better. The only thing in this context a computer can help you is getting access to target language media. The rest is mostly just (commercial) products you don't need. You most likely download and install way more stuff than you can use and profit from. –  Kovács Imre Jan 3 at 14:00
    
@KovácsImre: Tragically funny and very true. –  Gigili Jan 6 at 6:44
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12 Answers

Online Courses

All of these course also have free podcasts on iTunes, if you want to try them out.

  • Popup Chinese An irreverent and cool take on learning colloquial Mandarin, as well as general Mainland culture and norms.
  • Chinese Pod This is another nice podcast that provides an easy way to learn colloquial Mandarin.
  • Chinese Hulu has a bunch of tutoring video lessons. There is also one-on-one tutoring available, their teachers are experienced and patient. They use an interactive online learning method.
  • Melnyks This podcast has a lot of content, but you may find having to rewind often due to their content size, speed, and style of teaching.
  • Memrise.com, a Space Repeating Learning System. It provides a two steps learning. Graphical - Meaning, then Graphical - Pronunciation, then later it mixes the two. It adapts to your learning.
  • CultureAlley.com/Mandarin, a great way to pick up Chinese Mandarin grammar and conversations using self paced lessons and games, all for free. They offer live expert help over chat and Skype lessons too.
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Websites

  • 3000 Hanzi, a site dedicated to helping people learn to read Chinese (free and subscription).
  • Allset Learning Chinese Grammar Wiki, a site with over 1000 categorized grammatical structures with explanations and examples.
  • Baidu Tieba
  • Centre for Teaching Chinese @ Oxford Grammar Notes, a to the point collection of grammar aspects by Centre for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language University of Oxford. Great explanations and samples.
  • Chinese forum on WordReference.com, an active forum for discussing anything about the Chinese language.
  • chinesestoriesplatform.com, a site with many lower intermediate & intermediate practice texts
  • Chinese Tutor Flashcards, a site that works like flashcards to help memorize the Pinyin for Chinese words/phrases.
  • edu.tw, a site that provides stroke order for traditional Chinese characters (Taiwan order)
  • edu.tw, a site that explains (in Chinese) the usage of Chinese punctuation.
  • FluentU, a site that provides short Chinese videos with subtitles with characters, pinyin and English.
  • HanziCraft, Breaks down character into radicals and assorted strokes. Also features a table list of homonyms.
  • HelloTalk: Language Exchange with native speakers worldwide
  • Lingomi, a site for helping Chinese learners master pinyin and tones (free).
  • learnchineseez.com, a site that provides the stroke order for Chinese characters (Mainland China order)
  • nciku.com,The nciku Chinese dictionary lets you look up Chinese and English words to see translations, pinyin, examples and stroke order animations, as well as listen to audio pronunciations of words and examples. Features include:
    • Over 163,000 entries, including 76,000 Chinese and 77,000 English words and phrases.
    • Search for an English or Chinese word, its meaning or (for Chinese words) its pinyin, or do an example search to find all examples containing that word.
    • Stroke order animations and definitions for all Chinese characters in a word, or links to longer words containing a single character. The interface is a very slick blend of Flash and javascript that puts other online handwriting recognition attempts to shame.
  • pin1yin1.com, a site that adds pinyin or Zhuyin to a text with English to help you understand a text.
  • Skritter, a site for learning to write and study Chinese (or Japanese) characters.
  • Täglich Chinesisch, explains the 2,000 most important (traditional) Chinese characters and their components through keywords and mnemonics (only in German).
  • Tianya BBS
  • Yabla, a site with videos including hanzi, pinyin, and english captions (paid). Popular PinYin Chart with audio.
  • Zhihu, China's quora.
  • zhongwen.com/中文.com, a resource for understanding the components (i.e. radicals) of Chinese characters.
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Dictionaries

(Online)

  • Han Dian (in Chinese)

    The most complete dictionary ever available on the Internet.

  • Dict.cn

  • MDBG English-Chinese

  • nciku

  • Wikipedia

    Wikipedia can actually be used as a dictionary, especially of proper names, historical events, modern culture, etc. Simply go to the English language page on the topic you are interested in and click on the left-hand-side link to Chinese (中文) Wikipedia (if available). You will be taken to the Chinese page on the same topic.

  • Google Images

    Google Images can be used as a visual dictionary, this is especially helpful with nouns which are not easily expressed with words, such as types of food.

  • Wiktionary
    You can search in Pinyin and Hanzi.

  • 小马词典 Xiaoma Cidian
    Has Hanzi, Pinyin and english lookup.

  • WordBuddy.com
    A drilldown dictionary for exploring characters where you can save and quiz your own word lists.

  • Youdao web version. See below for offline version.

  • 3000 Hanzi Search using pinyin and hanzi. Chinese-English, Chinese-French, Chinese-German dictionaries. Includes translated example sentences and detailed character information (including frequency).

  • Chinese Tutor Dictionary Searchable using pinyin, hanzi, or English. Searches instantly, and has audio for most words.


(Offline)

  • CC-CEDICT for GoldenDict/Stardict and OS X Dictionary
    Recommended for use with GoldenDict on Windows/Linux/Android, or with Mac OS X's built-in Dictionary.

  • Flashonary
    Chinese-English and Chinese-German dictionary. Flashcards can be made from dictionary entries. For iOS (iPhone, iPod, iPad).

  • Hanping Chinese Dictionary Pro for Android. Commercial.

  • Youdao: It has various versions for Android, iPhone, Desktop Mac, iPad, Android Pad, Windows Phone. See above for the online version.

  • Wenlin: Based on the ABC dictionary. Available for Windows and Mac OSX.

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Youdao looks neat, anyway to get it to display pinyin? –  Ciaocibai Feb 17 '12 at 3:57
    
@Ciaocibai I'm trying to understand it! :D I also wonder why the chinese audios don't work. Do they work on your computer? –  Alenanno Feb 17 '12 at 13:19
    
I didn't add description to Dict.cn, but it is very like youdao and it's also nice and neat. –  shuangwhywhy Mar 3 '13 at 16:35
    
@shuangwhywhy I fixed the links and descriptions. Thanks for the help. :) –  Alenanno Mar 3 '13 at 16:39
    
@Alenanno Oh I see, I mixed the online desktop version and the web version. Yes, you got it! –  shuangwhywhy Mar 3 '13 at 16:44
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Software

Free software - The user can make/add their own material to the software

  • Anki 2 (PC, Mac, Linux, Android, iOS), a SRS program for learning. The version 2 comes with new additions. Chinese Flash card decks need to be downloaded or entered by the user.

  • Flashonary (iOS) Flashcard dictionary. Custom flashcards can be created for words based on dictionary entries and studied using an SRS study system (new/unknown words shown more often, known words shown less often). Has audio pronunciations (paid add-on). Can share made flashcards.

  • Ibus Input bus for Unix / Linux. Depending on your distribution you may have this installed by default. If you do not have Ibus installed, first install Chinese support from language settings, and then install ibus and ibus-pinyin using your package manager.

  • Mnemosyne SRS program for learning. Chinese Flash card decks need to be downloaded.

Commercial software - Chinese is Integrated into the software

  • Berlitz
  • Hanping Chinese Dictionary Pro (embermitre): Exclusively Android App. Dictionary/Learning application for Chinese.
  • HanWangJian software (Pinyin Input and Chinese learning).
  • Pimsleur
  • Pleco (iOS/Android) Flashcard/dictionary. Perhaps the most comprehensive dictionary/flashcard learning software available. A lot of different dictionaries available. Lots of customization available. It can even do OCR of characters using your phone's built-in camera. Import text, save and read with on the fly popup translation and text to speech - in app purchase.
  • Rosetta Stone
  • YìXué Chinese Dictionary (Windows Phone) Chinese Learning assistant. Includes flashcards, example sentences, and quizzes. Dictionary search results are sorted by frequency.
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I'd recommend HanWangJian, it's a set of softwares focusing on Pinyin Input and Chinese learning. (You have to pay for it.) I'm now using its Pinyin Input Method, friendly to both native speakers and learners. –  Mike Manilone Dec 15 '12 at 10:02
    
@MikeManilone I've just added this reference in the Paying Software category. thx. –  Stephane Rolland Dec 15 '12 at 14:01
    
Hanping also has an OCR app:play.google.com/store/apps/… (Disclaimer: I am the developer) –  Mark Carter Dec 11 '13 at 12:09
    
I would consider Pleco the must have dictionary for anyone learning Chinese and since the iOS version of Pleco got a major update recently, doubly so if you use an iPhone. Great interface makes it easy to recall what you looked up, choice of fonts, text to speech, popup translations, file storage, too much to mention. –  Steve Dec 12 '13 at 7:53
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Textbooks

  • Colloquial Chinese (1 and 2) by Kan Qian, Routledge: Both books offer dialogues, exercises, texts, grammar highlights, cultural highlights and audio CDs. The first book is for beginners, the second one is intermediate. They are good for self-study.

  • Practical Chinese Reader Beijing Language & Culture University Press

  • New Practical Chinese Reader
  • 新思路 (Business Chinese) series
  • 汉语教程 (Hanyu Jiao Cheng) series, Beijing Language & Culture University Press
  • 汉语听力教程 (Hanyu Tingli Jiao Cheng) listening comprehension series, Beijing Language & Culture University Press
  • Integrated Chinese 中文听说读写
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Books

  • Chinese Breeze Graded Reader Series (Péking University Press)

    Many books, many short stories for all levels of Chinese. It's clearly indicated how many words in each book and the level you need to read it. Relatively interesting stories with lots of repetitions to make you practice each word. Definitely worth a try - for beginner to advanced level.

  • Graded Chinese Reader (2 books) (Sinolingua)

    Selected Abridged Chinese Contemporary Short Stories. Contains about 2000 Chinese words based on level A and B listed in the HSK. Interesting stories about today's China and not too hard to read when you have a beginner to intermediate level.

  • Yong Ho. Beginner's Chinese (Hippocrene Books)

    A great beginner's Chinese book which not only have Chinese grammatical structure and words but also have sections dedicated within each chapter specifically addressing Cultural insights that can help the learner understand some nuances that may not be otherwise apparent. The Dec 1997 publication of this book is plagued with errors in pinyin however these errors were later rectified in the Oct 2010 Book.

  • Yong Ho. Intermediate Chinese (Hippocrene Books)

    Published almost a decade after Beginner's Chinese, this book acts as a vocabulary and grammatical supplementary to help take your Chinese to the next level. The only disappointing thing about this book is that there is not nearly as many cultural insights to help you along, however lots of new grammar structures are introduced and it is a perfect transition after having read the first book.

  • Yip Po-Ching & Dan Rimmington. Chinese - An Essential Grammar (Routledge)

    A good reference guide for an English speaker learning Chinese who is just starting out or has years of experience. Can be read straight through or you can jump around and dive into a specific grammar point. Second edition uses simplified Chinese - I read that earlier editions only had pinyin, no Chinese, examples include pinyin and both literal and actual translations.

  • Yuonne Li Walls and Jan W. Walls. Using Chinese - A guide to contemporary usage (Cambridge Univ Press)

    Not a grammar book per se, but the next to last section on grammer, just under 70 pages, is a great introduction to grammar for someone just starting out. The book as a whole is a great introduction to Chinese.

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Apps:

  1. EmberMitre's Hanping Chinese Dictionary Pro app. I think it's only for Android.

  2. HelloTalk Language Exchange App This App has more than 10,000 native Chinese speakers seeking language exchange partners. It has text and voice exchange mode to count number texts and duration of talks between language partners.

  3. Chinese HSK it has several HSK levels with some useful grammar and vocabulary games, great for practice. It has also dictionary and special levels (Android)

  4. Skritter is the best app for practice writing, very beautiful and responsive, web version is also great (iPhone & iPad)

  5. Baidu Translate (百度翻译) Similar to Google Translate, C-E/E-C translations but more. OCR (an in-app purchase in Pleco), useful common phrases/expressions list, audio lookup, save your lookups. Android/iOS.

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Add-ons

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Could you suggest which extension you think is the best? –  Alyosha 8 hours ago
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Language Exchanges

Various websites to find language exchange partners, people will meet in person or talk online and help each other learn each others' respective languages.

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Television

  • Mandarin News Australia. SBS' Weekly Mandarin language news programme. Full episodes available online. English Subtitles. ≈30min per episode. Also hosts full episodes of CCTV news.

Streams

Please only post streams you have verified work. If you find a dead link in this list, mark it (cumulatively) with asterisks. If a link has enough asterisks remove it I guess. Don't remove it just because it failed once, sometimes they are down temporarily.

The links may not work if your browser is not configured to launch a media player for MMS links. You can use an external player such as VLC to play these streams.

  • CCTV 4 (mms://8.3.230.132/cctv-4/cctvNews01.wmv)
  • NJTV 1 - Nanjing TV (mms://218.94.122.203/njtvxw)
  • XZTV1* (mms://218.3.205.21/xwzhpd)
  • XZTV2* (mms://218.3.205.21/jjshpd)
  • XZTV3* (mms://218.3.205.21/shzfpd)
  • NYTV - Nanyang TV (mms://61.136.113.41/nytv_1)
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Podcasts

  • 慢速中文 Slow Chinese, they provide audio + transcript. Audio can be listened to online or downloaded.
  • 悦读.FM (Happy Reading FM), they provide reading records of selective articles with subtitle.
  • 每日视频新闻, daily Chinese language news podcast found on iTunes.
  • Popup Chinese An irreverent and cool take on learning colloquial Mandarin, as well as general Mainland culture and norms.
  • Chinese Pod This is another nice podcast that provides an easy way to learn colloquial Mandarin.
  • Melnyks This podcast has a lot of content, but you may find having to rewind often due to their content size, speed, and style of teaching.
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