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They both mean I。 But I still can't understand the real difference. Also, I want an example sentence. When I use Google Translate and Bing Translator, the result is same.

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余 is from ancient Chinese, like 予/吾. See wiki 汉语人称代词. And 我 is a modern style. –  Stan Jul 27 '13 at 7:35
    
@Stan But I'm wonder, why 余 pronounce yu with second sound. But the 我 is pronounced wo with third sound –  Christian Irwan Hadi Wicaksana Jul 27 '13 at 9:50
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@ChristianIrwanHadiWicaksana Simply because they are two different characters. –  Yu Hao Jul 27 '13 at 9:57
    
Yu is right. Just like synonyms in English -- they don't have to be pronounced the same. –  Stan Jul 27 '13 at 10:01
    
@Christian: Compare the normal Indonesian (or at least Malay) word for ‘I’, either aku or saya, or the enclitic possessive form -ku. Those are the modern words, corresponding to 我 ‘I’ and 我的 and ‘my’ in Chinese. 余 would then correspond to the Classical Malay words for ‘I’ and ‘my’, which were apparently kitta and kitta poonea, respectively—something I am guessing is completely incomprehensible to modern Indonesians. –  Janus Bahs Jacquet Dec 8 '13 at 16:13
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As Stan said 余 is archaic and only found in literature. As in

余既为此志。——明· 归有光《项脊轩志》

我 is what modern-day Chinese use as the first-person pronoun.

我喜欢吃苹果。

I asked some Chinese friends and they only recognized 余 as a surname or meaning surplus or extra.

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In traditional Chinese areas, 餘 is used specially for the meaning meaning surplus or extra. Though, 余 is also a traditional character and was used as an interchangeable character of 餘, today Hong Kong and Taiwan people use these two discriminatively. –  Stan Jul 27 '13 at 14:09
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English also has ancient words, right? For example, English people used to use the word thou rather than you. It is the same in Chinese. 余 is the ancient word of 我.

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我 is also used in ancient times. For example, in 戰國策 之 鄒忌諷齊王納諫

鄒忌脩八尺有餘,而形貌昳麗。朝服衣冠,窺鏡,謂其妻曰:「我孰與城北徐公美?」其妻曰:「君美甚,徐公何能及君也。」城北徐公,齊國之美麗者也。忌不自信,而復問其妾曰:「吾孰與徐公美?」妾曰:「徐公何能及君也。」旦曰,客從外來,與坐談。問之曰:「吾與徐公孰美?」客曰:「徐公不若君之美也。」明日,徐公來,熟視之,自以為不如;窺鏡而自視,又弗如遠甚。暮寢而思之曰:「吾妻之美我者,私我也;妾之美我者,畏我也;客之美我者,欲有求於我也。」於是入朝見威王曰:「臣誠知不如徐公美。臣之妻私臣,臣之妾畏臣,臣之客欲有求於臣,皆以美於徐公。今齊,地方千里,百二時城。宮婦左右,莫不私王;朝廷之臣,莫不畏王;四境之內,莫不有求於王。由此觀之,王之蔽甚矣。」王曰:「善!」乃下令:「群臣吏民能面刺寡人之過者,受上賞;上書諫寡人者,受中賞;能謗議於市朝,聞寡人之耳者,受下賞。」令初下,群臣進諫,門庭若市;數月之後,時時而間進;諅年之後,雖欲言,無可進者。燕、趙、韓、魏聞之,皆朝於齊。此所謂戰勝於朝廷。

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Practically, 余 is no long in use unless in poems or classic literature.

It would be more interesting to look at the various characters refer to 'I'.

我 is certainly the most widely used one.
咱 is colloquial.
俺 is more colloquial and vulgar.
阿拉 is commonly used in Shanghainese dialect.
吾 is in Cantonese dialect.

– and the list goes on.

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吾 is seldom heard in modern Cantonese. (Did you mean 唔(not)?) –  Stan Jul 31 '13 at 7:41
    
吾系差人 means I am a police. Isn't it? –  user2404894 Jul 31 '13 at 17:12
    
That's (ngo5), not (ng4). See the links from 香港中文大學粵語審音配詞字庫 above. Now 吾 (as I) is hardly heard, because it sounds like 唔 and this would make people misunderstand a sentence. –  Stan Aug 1 '13 at 4:46
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Recent researches show that there are differences in grammatical forms of the 2 characters in ancient scripts before or in Qin Dynasty (appr. before 207 B.C.), but in later classical Chinese litterature, they are synonyms.

In today's language, 余 as a pronoun has died and only can be seen when people try to write in classical Chinese.

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