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Is (in traditional chinese) "企業" - noun or adjective? Is this menaing closer to "readiness and willingness to take initiative" or to "a company"?

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企業 is an enterprise. –  Stan Sep 28 '13 at 12:17
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Use 企业精神 if you want to describe a person having an enterprising character. –  Question Overflow Sep 28 '13 at 13:21
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If the authors are not Chinese native speaker, I guess I understand how it comes like this now. They just want a word expressing enterprise (the ability to think of new and effective things to do, together with an eagerness to do them) in Chinese, and after looking a dictionary they decide to translate it into 企業. However it's not proper, @QuestionOverflow 's 企業精神 is a good one ... but too general ... formal translations would be 開拓精神/進取精神/事業心 etc. –  Stan Sep 28 '13 at 15:08
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@drobnbobn Can you give a cite to the psycholinguistic study? –  Colin McLarty Sep 28 '13 at 15:50
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If you want to describe a quality of person in general, you should avoid 企业精神. It doesn't mean the spirit like running a business, instead, it means the spirit for running a business. This word is best suitable for person who is actually running a (start-up) company. –  NS.X. Sep 29 '13 at 8:11

2 Answers 2

"企業"is a fixed phrase that cannot be seperated from each character, its whole meaning: company,enterprise.

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企 refers to an attempt or expectation, and 業 means "industry." So 企業 would best translate into "enterprise." That would refer to an "early stage" company that is trying to make a name for itself but is not fully established.

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