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Many Mandarin Chinese teachers claim that the step 3 for Learning Chinese is: Vocabulary Building.

Is it the same way(s) to memorize Chinese vocabulary as it is to memorize English vocabulary? Or are there any good tips to memorize Chinese vocabulary?

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closed as too broad by 50-3, 杨以轩, songyuanyao, deutschZuid, Claw Apr 28 '14 at 16:51

There are either too many possible answers, or good answers would be too long for this format. Please add details to narrow the answer set or to isolate an issue that can be answered in a few paragraphs.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

And this guy is supposed to be writing/compiling his own textbook...嗚呼哀哉 – user3306356 Apr 28 '14 at 2:46
Chinese is quite different from English. English can be memorized by its surfix or prefix+basic root of words, However Chinese should be memorized by its similar meaning. – CA55CE37 Apr 28 '14 at 2:50
Hello user3306356, I'm just a teacher assistant, trying to make sense of what the teachers are talking about and bring it up for discussion to clarify some crucial points that might be beneficial for learners :) – Chinese.Tutor.Frank Apr 28 '14 at 4:08
Using a "Thesaurus" dictionary is a good way to build one's English vocabulary. I think it would also work for the Chinese case by using a "同义词词典". – Stan Apr 28 '14 at 15:37
up vote 2 down vote accepted

Similar to learning prefix/suffix and transformation of words in Latin derived languages, it's quite important to break down a Chinese character (in Traditional Chinese, 繁體字) into different components.

You will find most of the characters are constructed according to 六書 principles. Also Google for other resources on 六書.

For example, in 葉(leaf) 碟(disk) 蝶(butterfly) the common 枼 component provides for the pronunciation and meaning (thin and flat) for the character.
The 廾,石,虫 indicates the word relates to plants, something hard, insects respectively. Knowing these rules helps you to learn these three words with less effort.

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