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In English we use 'self-conscious' to mean 'conscious (or worried) about oneself' like:

The cameras made her feel self-conscious about her weight.

Or

Don't mention his acne, he's really self-conscious about it.

Dictionaries have words like 害羞,难为情的,尴尬 but that doesn't seem to really fit...

Any ideas?

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I think 尴尬 fits in the second example, for instance, 不要提他的痤疮因为这会让他尴尬/他觉得这很尴尬... –  user58955 Jun 6 at 16:56
    
I actually cannot think of a Chinese word that describe this embarrassing feeling caused by self-awareness! I don't think 害羞 nor 自觉 are precise enough. –  Fabricator Jun 6 at 18:37
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2 Answers 2

If I am to translate:

The cameras made her self-conscious about her weight:

拍照让他在意起自己的体重

Don't mention his acne, he's really self-conscious about it.

别提起他的暗疮,他很介意。

PS: I suppose you were right, we might not really have a definite word/phrase for its translation, but i'd say it is very close to 介意/在意

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How about: He's self-conscious about his Chinese? –  user3306356 Jun 11 at 9:01
    
Well that would then be 他很清楚自己的华文程度 –  LCS Jun 11 at 9:06
    
好委婉哦 - nice a subtle, hey? –  user3306356 Jun 11 at 9:19
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In Japanese, they use the kanji phrase "自意識過剰" to express "self-conscious". I think it is a good reference. In my opinion, "太過神經質" is perhaps a good translation in Chinese.

For example,

"他那樣做不是因為你的關係,請不要太過神經質了。"

That he did that thing is not because of you. Please don't be too self-conscious.

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