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I'm trying to sort out the difference between 免费 and 无偿 as adverbs. Would you say 水果店的老板免费送了我六个苹果。 or would it be 无偿送了?

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They have different meanings. And also depending where you are, 無償 is less commonly used. For example in Hong Kong it is never used. (As a native I have never seen that word being used.) –  Derek 朕會功夫 Aug 7 at 19:17

3 Answers 3

up vote 7 down vote accepted

免费 means free of charge. As pointed out by Wikipedia, it is usually applied to commercial products or services that normally charge money and now for free as a part of business strategy. E.g. 免费的午餐 (free lunch), 免费试吃 (free sample of food), etc.

无偿 means no compensation, or 'not asking anything for return'. It is usually applied to non-profit, voluntary activities. E.g. 无偿献血 (blood donation), 无偿社区服务 (community service provided by volunteers), etc. There are usages of 无偿 in legal space which can be connected with commercial activities, but that's a completely different way of expression in a completely different context.

Strictly speaking, '免费给了我六个苹果' means he gave you six apples for customer relationship for reasons like you're a frequent customer or you just make a bulk purchase of other stuffs. '无偿给了我六个苹果' means he gave you six apples out of kindness because you lost your wallet or you're starving. In spoken language, however, their usages are usually mixed and both of your sentences are fine.

BTW, '送' already implies 'for free'. So '免费送了' is unnecessary repetition but again sounds fine in spoken language.

Update: As the other answer pointed out, 无偿 is almost never used in Hongkong which indicates that the usages can be highly regional. Something to keep in mind.

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In addition to this answer, "无偿" is more on spiritual aspect. –  wuyefeibao Aug 6 at 21:41
    
So if for example a fruit vendor gave me six apples because it was my last day in a country and she wanted to be nice/it was a gift do you think that is 免费? –  Stephen Aug 7 at 20:51
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@Stephen In that case I'd recommend you to use neither, just say '送' is clear enough. Adding either word makes it sound like a calculated move hence depreciates her sincerity and generosity. –  NS.X. Aug 7 at 22:08
    
Great answer - thanks! –  Stephen Aug 8 at 3:08

Generally speaking, we use "免費" when someone gets something for free, and "無償" when someone does something for free.

On the other hand, we do not say "無償" in Hong Kong. For example, we say "捐血" instead of "無償獻血", and "義務工作" instead of "無償社區服務".

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无偿

MOE

法律上指不得報酬而移轉其物或權利,或服勞務、供勞力而不索求報酬,稱為「無償」。如贈與稱無償行為。

From a Taiwanese point of view (MOE), at least, 无偿 is determined by law.

In some other places it's used with 赠与 to mean "grant" or "outright."

C&T

land grant

无偿土地赠与

wúcháng tǔdì zèngyǔ

And

outright gift

无偿赠与

wúcháng zèngyǔ

OCE also lists this under the English entry voluntary

2 (for free)

无偿地 (run, organize, help)

Where as 免费 would certainly not involve law and would just, simply, mean "free."

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