Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, sentences and expressions.

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Questions with multi-syllable verbs

What would be the difference between 你认识不认识他? and 你认不认识他? Are they the translated with the same "Do you probably know him?
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109 views

Quotation Marks (“”) and Angle Quotation Marks (《》)

Based on my recent observation, most people use "" to enclose a quote and use 《》 to enclose the name of a book (or a movie?). However, since I began my Chinese study, I have been learning to use 「」 as ...
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2answers
37 views

Is 在我们村里有一所中学 incorrect?

My question is as the title. The English equivalent is: There is a middle school in our village. I know the correct one is "我们村里有一所中学". But I think adding 在 at the beginning is also okay. So I am ...
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70 views

What is the difference between 看来, 看起来, and 看出来 ?

Please help, I'm not getting this, 听来我不懂! Could you please use examples in your answer?
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5answers
137 views

Is “之” usually used as a possessive pronoun (attributive) in Classical Chinese?

True or False Question: In classical Chinese, “之” is usually used as a possessive pronoun (attributive), “其” is usually used as a subject, and “彼” is usually used as an object. a. True b. ...
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3answers
145 views

Why is 跟他一起去不去 wrong but 跟不跟他一起去 right

I am confused about the Chinese equivalent of "Do you go with him". The sentence is a so-called yes/no question by many textbooks and grammar books. Using the VA-not-VA(Verb Adjective) to compose this ...
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1answer
45 views

Why did the writer use 支 here?

I know it is not easy to say why which 量词 should be used when, but this one seems strange to me. Why did the author choose ‘支’? 开发出中国第一支儿童营养液,。。。 支 is normally for 'pens,guns, army divisions, songs ...
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93 views

Chinese use of abstract “saw?”

I'm trying to accurately translate an abstract use of "saw." Example: the Korean War saw fighting between America and the PRC. 朝鲜战争看到了美国与中华人民共和国之间的战斗。 Now, I have no idea if that sentence is ...
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4answers
51 views

Why did they write a comma here?

I think I understand this sentence correctly, but the 4th comma puzzles me. Is it necessary?? 在当当网,“创新”是全方位,而俞渝就像心脏一样,源源不断地把创新的血液,输送到企业每一个环节。 I think this is: ...
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2answers
70 views

Does 道上的人物 represent anything special?

xxx 也是道上的人物... Does "道上" mean something like "a good and legal path" while "道下" (not sure if even this is a word) means "the illegal ways"?
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In “会很 <adj.> 的”, is 很 meaningless?

会~的 explains the future event that will happen. 她肯定会很高兴的。 She will be (very) happy. Is that 的 a collaboration of 会~的?(很 does NOT mean 'very', like 我很好)or just associated with the adjective 高兴? (很 ...
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4answers
138 views

What is the difference between 参加 and 参与?

I have been using these interchangeably, until today I was corrected, being told that one "参加活动”, not "参与活动“. I then looked up the definition, but it wasn't too helpful. How do I know when to use ...
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4answers
75 views

再次 and 再: are they different?

Here is the context: 我于是去了这家餐厅,点了一盘蘑菇菜心,果然好吃。我对服务员说: 我再次要一盘。 The sentence "我再次要一盘" is wrong. But "我再要一盘" is correct. Can anyone explain why?
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86 views

What is the meaning of 这是给谁的礼物?

Yet another sentence where I know all the words but can't work out the correct meaning! In one of my textbooks I have a series of phrases: 给我礼物 给谁的礼物 这是给谁的礼物? Would I be correct in translating ...
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2answers
95 views

How to ask for a given choice of options?

In English one way to ask which option is the right one is by using whether: Could you tell me, whether you are a student, teacher or visitor? How would this be realized in Chinese?
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8answers
233 views

When to use “一下儿”

I know the phrase "一下儿" can be appended to a verb to indicate the action takes short time or less effort, for example "看一下儿". However, some verbs cannot be appended by "一下儿", since the sentence won't ...
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3answers
188 views

“Learn” vs. “Study”

I've read the thread on 學 vs. 學習, and I have a slightly related question. In English, the words "learn" and "study" are somewhat interchangeable, but also fairly distinct, in that there is a ...
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2answers
89 views

How do I make complex comparison structures with 比?

I'm trying to understand how a complex 比 structure would be like. Specially when it comes to comparing actions I get quite lost. Could anyone check if I got the patterns right? A 比 B + adjective ...
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3answers
69 views

How to spot (if possible) if a final 了 is part of an omitted 要 in a 要…了 construction or simply a past information?

There are some examples of sentence 了 that indicate future action which (seems to) have a 要 omitted: 我(要)走了,拜! - I am going to leave, bye! I know context usually helps with the issue of time and, ...
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1answer
132 views

Why is “连忙” wrong in the following sentence?

My question is as the title. The sentence is: 如果她来了,请你连忙告诉我。 The correct sentence is "如果她来了,请你马上告诉我". Why?
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1answer
118 views

What is the Chinese way to say “We had a lot of fun”?

I know an English sentence cannot be translated into Chinese word-by-word. So is there a idiomatic way to express the same meaning of "We had a lot of fun" in Chinese? (The context-- someone said this ...
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2answers
97 views

Can I use 的 between the name and 他们

I had this sentence which was a bit difficult for me to understand at first because of the name + 他们. I understand it now. 郭高林他们决心用实际行动证明自己。 My questions is, can I write it like this: 郭高林 的 ...
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222 views

求解释: “我有问题” 和 “我有个问题” 中英 | Chinese & English

这个问题我找不到解释, 希望哪位高手可以帮下 ^^ 学生想说 I have a question, 常常会说成 "我有问题." 我会教他们用 “我有个问题” 或者 “我有一个问题。” 原因是听到 “我有问题”的时候, 我的第一联想就是 “我脑子有问题。" 可是我语法上面解释不来也查不到。 现在我自己都快糊涂了。 所以我想问: 1) “我有问题” 是正确的吗? 我左看右看都觉得是错的。 ...
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70 views

What is the order for 雖然 and 當…的時候 when used in the same sentence?

Example sentence: 雖然當我們在一起的時候有時候我不常常說話、而且我可能正顏厲色、我要讓妳知道我很開心。 Intended meaning: Although when we are together sometimes I don't talk very much, and also my face may be solemn, I want to let you know I ...
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4answers
70 views

The difference between 执著 and 固执

I had this sentence: 麦当劳一直执著地坚持着浓浓的美式风格。 I would translate '执著地坚持着‘ as 'stubbornly persist in' I was told, '执着‘ has a positive sense, whereas '固执‘ has more of a negative sense of 'persisting even ...
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79 views

How much more is '翻一番‘

I think this means 'double the sales volume', but 翻 can mean 'turnover' as in 'sales volume' or 'double'. '一番‘ seems to mean 'twofold'. I'm a bit confused. 。。。在未来十年内实现销售额翻一番, 。。。maybe = ...double ...
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110 views

The usage of 有 in comparison

The verb 有 can be used to form a sentence in a way of comparisons of equality as follows. (as ~ as) 今天有昨天热。Today is as hot as yesterday. 他没有你细心。He is not as careful as you. From looking at them, ...
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175 views

What is this 远 in this sentence?

The subject is ‘跨国公司进入一个新的市场’ 第三是企业的标准化阶段,与全球远作相结合的阶段。 I think '相‘ is '互相‘ My guess is 远 works with 作:远作 = ‘remotely do' The third stage is company standardization stage, mutually(互相) combining ...
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233 views

What is Mandarin's conversational equivalent of English's “How interesting!” or “That's cool”

In the course of a conversation in (American) English, I often respond to casual observations and statements using a neutral phrase such as "Oh, interesting" "Oh, I see" or "That's cool." I've ...
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1answer
201 views

I need help translating >how< a word would be spoken

I am trying to find someone that will help me take words that are spoken in Spanish, such as Hola, and represent the sounds made by hola in Chinese Pinyin so someone who doesn't speak Spanish could ...
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220 views

What is the function of in this 为 sentence?

实行24 小时工作制。车队利用夜间进行运输,及时为卡车卸货,保证在18个小时内完成整个运输过程。 I think it must be ‘把’
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107 views

The word order of co-existing adverbs in a sentence

I am wondering whether there is a commonly accepted rule about the word order of co-existing adverbs in a sentence. For example, in the following sentences, 果然,昨天,直接,从学校 are adverbs. Which of the ...
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2answers
73 views

What is the right word order?

I am prepairing to my Chinese exam and have a doubt in using of 有 in describing of things in loction. Could you please correct my word order and explain 有-Usage rules? The task for me is to translate ...
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200 views

Why is the 了 here after 错 not after 投?

The agent says the customer should insure all risks, he wants normal insurance. Agent: 万一货物出了问题,就有可能因为投错了险而无法得到赔偿,那麻烦就大了。 I imagine '投了险' is short for '投保了保险' and I thought '错‘ is an adjective for ...
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3answers
209 views

How does 平均 differ from 均匀?

I already knew that 平均 means "average", 均匀 means "even" or "evenly distributed". But how to distiguish these two phrases? Can you give me some examples? Thanks a lot!
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88 views

When not to split up the VO verb?

虽然是坑爹了,但是认错态度很好。 (He got his father in trouble, but it's good for him to admit his bad attitude.) I see the verb 认错 a VO verb(verb-object). So shouldn't it be something like this as follow? ...
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349 views

which do I use , 喜欢不喜欢 or 喜不喜欢?

I know that 喜不喜欢 and 喜欢不喜欢 have the same meaning, but in a sentence, which would look more appealing or make more sense in the sentence? In other words, which one is grammatically correct?
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110 views

What is the difference between 省 and 省份?

Two sentences "他也算是我省的名人" and "他也算是我省份的名人", is the second sentence wrong? If it is wrong, why?
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128 views

What is the difference between “吗 (mǎ)” and “么 (ma)”?

Both seem to be question particles. What's the difference between them (in meaning & usage)?
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2answers
164 views

What is the meaning of 水 in this text?

Someone was asking about this in a German Chinese forum. Now I too would really like to know what 水 is here! The author is from 重庆, maybe it is dialect. ...
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5answers
416 views

How to correctly use 恐怕

According to Pleco, 恐怕 has 2 definitions fear; dread; be afraid of perhaps; probably; maybe The second definition is what I am struggling with. I was taught that it is similar to 也许, but ...
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155 views

How do you ask how old a building is?

I know to say to a person how old they are you can say "你多大" or "你几岁". But, how could you express "how old is this building?" Would you say "这楼有几年的历史?" Or would that only be used for something grand ...
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225 views

How to say “On the phone” (手机里 vs. 手机上)

Prepositions are always a fun part to learn of a language. Right now, I'm running into the difficulty of trying to describe "On My Phone". I've heard people say "手机上“ but, after Baiduing I also know ...
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105 views

When to omit the modifying 的?

他给她买来了一个戒指。 He gives her a ring that he bought. I assume that this sentence should need 的 before "a ring that he bought" to be modifying, as below. 他给她买来了'的'一个戒指。 So I think 的 is somewhat ...
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114 views

How to say “After +Verb” in Chinese?

How to say "After +Verb" in daily conversation? For example: "After eating my candy, I will go there". "After he saw you were coming, he left". "After she found the book, she called me". etc. So ...
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118 views

Do I use “扔掉” or “倒掉” to expressing getting rid of 死水?

I know this is very specific, but I was looking for a translation for standing/stagnant water (context: mosquitoes), but found out it `死水`(if that's incorrect though, someone please kindly notify me). ...
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1answer
46 views

How to interpret 家居家装 in this sentence

Happy New Year to all on this beautiful sunny day in Nanjing! 从商品类别来看,网购用户指出主要集中在服装配饰、护理美容、消费电子及家居家装这四大领域的产品上。 How to interpret '家居家装'? What does it actually mean or include?
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177 views

What is the difference: “和小猫一样可爱” and “像小猫一样可爱”

There are two sentences: 她的宝宝和小猫一样可爱 (I never ran into a sentence like the one until recently.) 她的宝宝像小猫一样可爱 Question: Are these two sentences exchangeable? Or, what is the difference between ...
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10answers
669 views

What is the difference between “我还没打算” and “我还没决定”

In a question-response practice, the question is "你暑假要去旅游吗"? Why is the right response "我还没决定", not "我还没打算"?
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121 views

Usage of direction and location (destination) complements (衣服都装进箱子里去了 vs. 衣服都装到箱子里了)

In some situations, it is not clear to me when to use a direction complement or a location (destination) complement. For instance, I read from a book that the sentence "衣服都装进箱子里去了" is correct. This ...