Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, sentences and expressions.

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2
votes
2answers
87 views

What is the difference between 写完 and 写得完 ?

According to my textbook 简明汉语语法 the parts after the verb 写 are so called complements, they are strictly differentiated from adverbs. both complements are called: complement of result 完 complement ...
8
votes
4answers
452 views

What is the difference between 古怪 and 古里古怪?

According to my book, there is a pattern for building further adjectives from adjectives. If the original adjective is AB (two different characters), its derivation is A里AB. Unfortunately, this ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Is there a serial verb construction in classical Chinese?

Serial verb constructions are several verbs in sequence constituting one single predicate to describe a whole event. Example from Wikipedia: 我(I) 坐(sit) 飞机(aircraft) 从(depart) 上海(Shanghai) 到(arrive) ...
-3
votes
2answers
42 views

Are there online sources containing example sentences in classical Chinese with grammar annotations?

I came across a site that is called zdic and holds explanation of characters, but unfortunately no example sentences like nciku for modern Chinese. Do you know of any source that contains sample ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Do people say “使用 。。 表达” or ”通过。。。 表达“》

I'm Trying to figure out what is the proper was to say "Use something in order to express something else" Is it 通过。。。 表达。。 or 使用。。。。 表达。。。 If it is actually a third option let me know! ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

what is difference using of “地” and “得” [duplicate]

I have been learning Mandarin since 6 months ago, but i have problem with my title, could you guys make me clear about the difference between them? if i have example of sentences like below is ...
-2
votes
2answers
76 views

Could you underline the parts of sentence contained in: “她一向忌讳家人向陌生人提及自己的隐事”?

I am quiet weak at grammar, i know some basic chinese sentence patterns like S P O S t p P O t S p P O t p S P O wherein: S(ubject),P(redicate),O(bject),t(imephrase),p(lacephrase) When i look ...
6
votes
2answers
502 views

Difference between 也都不 and 也不都

Are they same? 我们也都不是学生 - We also all not are students. 我们也不都是学生 - We also not all are students.
0
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1answer
100 views

Is it possible to use 最 in front of other part of speeches than attributes?

What kind of words, phrases or maybe even clauses are allowed behind 最 ?
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Beyond 习惯 a general “framework” desired for 得's uses in “主语”“动词” 得是什么?, “主语” “动词” 得是鸟语,“主语” “动词” 得 “名词,” et cetera

Concerning the use of 得, which in my text below is to always be pronounced using the pinyin romanization “de,” after a verb I am familiar with the structures A: “Subject verb 得 (adjective transformed ...
0
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3answers
118 views

if 奥巴马 was a sentence in classical chinese, what would be its meaning? [closed]

if you look up the characters used to transscribe obama in chinese, you get the following: 奥 = mysterious 巴 = to long for 马 = horse a simple sentence pattern in classical chinese is: adv. V ...
-2
votes
4answers
128 views

Has anyone used ChineseSkill here?

Has anyone used ChineseSkill here? This is the best app I've seen so far for learning chinese . But why am I wrong here?
0
votes
1answer
37 views

What should one pay attention to when translating english sentences containing adverbials into chinese?

What advice for translation could you give in this context, how would you translate the following sentences containing adverbials: I will go to military-school soon. I will go to military-school ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

What are the rules for nested sentences?

A simple sentence in Chinese looks syntactially like this: S t p V O. S(ubject),V(erb),O(bject),t(imephrase),p(lacephrase). How do i put a further sentence in another sentence?
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Is there a “better” translation for “你我还没完呢”? Why is it “你我” without a possible “和”? And please can anyone confirm the function of “呢” in this one?

I was watching an American TV show with Chinese subtitles on. There was a scene where a character said, "You haven't seen the last of me, Ms.Ellison.", and the Chinese subtitle for it was,"你我还没完呢 ...
2
votes
3answers
92 views

What is the grammatical analysis of 信得过?

信 = to believe. 得过 = ??? Is this construction a sentence, a phrase, a verbalphrase or maybe sth. different?
4
votes
1answer
410 views

What is the meaning of 當 and 自強 in 男兒當自強?

男兒當自強 is the title of the main theme in wong feihong, i was told its translation is "a man has to stand one's ground", i do not know how verbatim this translation is. 男兒 is man, 自強 is either "his ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

What are common adverbs in classical Chinese?

As far as i know, adverbs in classical chinese are put right in front of the verb, whereas in English their position is quiet freely. for instance: 並食 = to eat sitting next to each other 尽食 = to ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

What is the function of 乃 in 子甫至乃去乎 ?

i understand: 子甫至 - you just arrived a moment ago. 去 - go. 乎 - character that makes the sentence a question. What is the role of 乃 in this sentence?
4
votes
4answers
207 views

How to use 仿佛 properly?

To give context, this is the sentence: 永远不能忘记的是北京,因为我在那里住的太久了,仿佛树生了根一样。 I am not sure how to render the last bit. I'm guessing it's saying: As if I am a tree, the roots are the same as my ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Could you give an example of a sentence in classical chinese wherein 爽 is used?

I have some real problem understanding the semantics behind this word, I would be glad to see how this word was used in classical Chinese in order to get an idea of its original usage.
1
vote
4answers
100 views

How do I use “一般” in this context?

比如, 一般上,这个生词是这样用的:。。。 “一般来说,early/low 等于 20-23, mid 等于 24-26, high/upper 等于 27-29, 可是这不是固定的” (see here) 这些用法都对吗?
5
votes
1answer
67 views

what are common contractions in classical chinese?

I am searching for contractions in classical Chinese. for example: 而已 ---contracts-to---> 耳. Liebe Grüsse an die süsse Teresa!
3
votes
1answer
85 views

How do I translate “context”?

是不是可以说: 在这上下文,这个生词不可以这样用。 还有, You've taken it entirely out of context. 或者比如有学生问老师个问题,可是问提不太清楚,老师会回答说: Can you give provide some context?
8
votes
4answers
264 views

Is it 一些东西 or 一点东西?

I know that 东西 translates to "something" in english - so I was interested Can I both 一些东西 and 一点东西 be used? If so what are their differences in meaning?
1
vote
3answers
154 views

Chinese Contractions (缩约)

While speaking to Chinese Speakers, I sometimes notice that words are left out of a sentence. I have also read this thread on Chinese Contractions. When longer phrases are shortened in Chinese is this ...
3
votes
3answers
109 views

How to expess “nostalgia” in chinese?

So, I know that in general we can use something like 叙旧 to mean "reminisce (as if with old classmates). But how would we say something like "nostalgic" as in 这首歌让我很Nostalgic。 怀旧? 舍不得? THanks for ...
2
votes
3answers
125 views

How do I say “It didn't help that..”

In english, we often use the transition "it didn't help that" to indicate that something bad had happened, and that there was another factor that potentially made it even worse. Ex. He was already ...
3
votes
7answers
202 views

Can you 伤害 a person emotionally?

Can I say “伤害人” in terms of hurting someone emotionally? Or is there another, better, way of saying this? For example, I'd like to say "最后还为了伤害他把这个秘密告诉给其他的家人" Is that a proper usage?
0
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2answers
77 views

what is the verbatim and implied meaning of 路过?

路过 means to pass through. If one searches for images related to this word, one finds pictures of funny or strange situations carrying this word on them.
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Sentence Structure Edit Help

Is anyone willing to help me edit this monologue for grammatical errors? If so, I would really appreciate it. I have also included the pinyin and english in case it helps to understand what I meant. I ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

Need Help Editing (需要帮助的编辑)

Is anyone willing to help me edit this monologue for grammatical errors? If so, I would really appreciate it. I have also included the pinyin in case it helps to understand what I meant. I have chosen ...
3
votes
2answers
163 views

How do you say “To take a gap year”?

Is there a clear translation for the phrase "Take a gap year" (i.e. take a year off between your last year of high school and college (often for travel, work, etc.))? Thanks for the help!
0
votes
1answer
74 views

could you explain all the grammar which is included in the sentence: 君子務本,本立而道生?

i would like to understand how one could with respect to grammar analyse this phrase, for instance by a syntax tree or naming the unique features of wenyan grammar included in this example.
4
votes
3answers
189 views

How formal is 如何 in the context of 最近如何?

I was told by friend who is a native mainland speaker that "最近如何", or anything containing "如何", is a very ancient/formal way of speaking. This was quite a shock to me—I was taught this sentence ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

how does the immediate constituent analysis of the phrase/sentence 聊斋志异 look like?

What is the grammatical analysis of this phrase? What are the parts of speech? How can the whole sentence be split into smaller logical units? Is the title itself a real phrase or real sentence?
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Even though x still y sentence pattern

I am aware of 雖然 being used as although, however, I am not sure if it is appropriate for the following example situations. English examples: Even though he wore a helmet, he still suffered a serious ...
2
votes
2answers
285 views

How do you say “I do” as in when you are about to get married?

I'm trying to figure out what the chinese equivalent of "I do" would be. Is there a phrase that people say in Chinese that represents getting married? Or is there a direct translation for "I do"? ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

how can I change sentence not using 得?

my question is 大声回答 can be changed to 回答得大声 ? So if I can make other sentences using V+de (得)+Adj become Adj+V ?
0
votes
3answers
97 views

How do you say “representative” as in Student Council Representative

I"m trying to figure out the best way to translate "representative" as in a "representative in government". In Taiwan people say 班代, but that doesn't seem like it would translate into other student ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Can 良好 be used as a closing remark?

良好 is translated as be good, or be well in one of my dictionaries. This is a common closing remark in spoken English. Can 良好 be used in the same context in Chinese. i.e. OK, Bye now... Take care, be ...
5
votes
3answers
114 views

Is there a difference between 凡事 and 所有?

Recently, I've been reading a bit of 鲁迅 and I've run into the word 凡事 a number of times. Everytime, I see it translated it seems to mean 所有。 It seems to me that 凡事 is either an older usage or is much ...
3
votes
4answers
452 views

How do I say “I held my head in my hands”

Recently, I was writing about my time at a funeral. I am trying to express the situation that I was overwhelmed by emotion so I put my head in my hands. (I.e. I rested my head on my hands). Is there a ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

The position of 给

I‘ve notice that sometimes 给 changes its position in the sentece. Look at these examples: • 我发给你一个邮件 • 我给你发一个邮件 Both are correct but what different meaning/shadow do they express?
4
votes
1answer
118 views

Explanation usage of 得 and 地 [duplicate]

Can someone explain me exactly when I have to use these two words? They are both pronunced "de", but I found some difficulties understanding why should I use 得 (or shouldn‘t) in some senteceses. 地 , ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

does 并未 have to go with a pairing of words?

So, I recently learned that 并未 is a formal way of saying 并没有. However, whenever I see it in writing it is always paired with a two word set. (i.e. 并未解决, 并未提出, 等。 ) Is this a hard and fast rule? I've ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

The tricky prepositions. . . “in my garden”

I think prepositions are tricky in every language. The other day I was trying to figure out how to write correctly : In my garden there are many fruit-trees. The first sentence I thought of was: ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

How do you say “mentor” in Chinese?

I've been trying to figure out if Chinese has a similar concept to the idea of "mentor" in english. I know 导师 and 良师 are both options that have been thrown out. But, I'm not sure if they imply the ...
4
votes
3answers
128 views

difference between 伤痕, 伤疤 and 疤痕?

Recently, I read that someone's 额头上有一个伤痕 。 I knew that the sentence literally meant that there was a scar. But then I thought "Why didn't they say "伤疤” or “疤痕”。 All three of these translate to scar ...