Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, sentences and expressions.

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3
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2answers
113 views

How can I negate time and when to place 在 before time?

I know we can negate place, manner, etc. by just placing a 不 before the verbs (prepositions) that introduce the clauses. 我不在中国工作。 他不坐车去工作。 But how can I negate time, since it doesn't have a ...
3
votes
2answers
228 views

Are there relative pronouns in Chinese

Are there words for relative pronouns, for example: The man, who was walking to the shop, was tall. Is there a Chinese word for the bolded "who"?
3
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2answers
135 views

How to say “Catch a plane”

I'm interested to see if there is a translation for "catch a plane". I know that 赶不上飞机 is an expression - but could you say "今天我有很多事。 最要紧的是赶上飞机“
3
votes
2answers
171 views

Difference between 月 and 月份 for the noun “A month”

So, I'm trying to figure out what is a better way to simply translate "An important month". For example if I wanted to talk about the month of Ramadan I originally said "斋月是穆斯林非常重要的一个月“ but a ...
3
votes
3answers
92 views

When do I need 的?

Why do I need 的 for 爸爸 but not for 爸 ? me: So if I said "your father is....", it would be 你的爸是.... me: Right? friend: No 的 if you use 爸 friend: we say 你爸是。。。 friend: Or 你的爸爸是。。。。
3
votes
4answers
272 views

How to say “red book”?

I'd like to know how to say "red book" in Mandarin. Can it be 红色 的 书 or 红书? I read a book to learn about color, it used 红色 的 before a noun but I heard in a song it used only 红 before noun. I feel ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

How do I translate “context”?

是不是可以说: 在这上下文,这个生词不可以这样用。 还有, You've taken it entirely out of context. 或者比如有学生问老师个问题,可是问提不太清楚,老师会回答说: Can you give provide some context?
3
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2answers
164 views

How do you say “To take a gap year”?

Is there a clear translation for the phrase "Take a gap year" (i.e. take a year off between your last year of high school and college (often for travel, work, etc.))? Thanks for the help!
3
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2answers
164 views

Deciding when to use 就像 vs 像是 vs 像

I may be mistaken, but if I use 就像 , 像是 or 像 in any of the sentences, they are pretty much the same. Is there a difference? “他们说‘电视直播’时,就像我说‘报税’一样无可奈何 “They say ‘live TV’ the way I say ‘doing my ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

How is 得 used in this sentence?

I have always known 得 as an adverb. For example 跑得很快 ,run quickly or run very fast. The following sentence 只有懂得节制欲望的人,才能享受到人生的真正乐趣 means "Only a person that understands (how to) control his ...
3
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2answers
219 views

What does 了mean in this sentence?

Could someone please explain this sentence structure? 衣服也落在了房间内. What does the 了 mean here? Is it pronounce le or liao? 谢谢
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Usage of 感动 (active/passive?)

According to mdbg.net 感动 means both 'to move (emotionally)' and 'moving'. But from what I understand from some texts I have '邻居们都很感动' implying a more passive meaning for 感动. Can someone shed some ...
3
votes
2answers
149 views

Why can't 了 be used to complement 到?

I have been taught that the sentence 我刚到了 (wǒ gāng dào le) is not correct because 了 cannot be used as a complement of 到. Is this right? If so, why?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What software can check for grammar mistakes?

I need some software that can check the grammar of some Chinese passages. Are there any programs capable of identifying grammar problems? I'd prefer something for Linux, but other platforms would be ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

What is the translation of 托业考试必备 ?

I ve looked up the words: 托 = to entrust (only one possible meaning, i do not know which one makes sense) 业 = enterprise 考试 = test 必备 = essential I can make no sense of this sentence, i even can ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Can 良好 be used as a closing remark?

良好 is translated as be good, or be well in one of my dictionaries. This is a common closing remark in spoken English. Can 良好 be used in the same context in Chinese. i.e. OK, Bye now... Take care, be ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

When to use 了 and 的?

了 is used after verb or sentence to indicate that something has been finished/done or something has changed. 的 is used in many cases, one of which is to indicate the speaker's modality of certainty. ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

How to say “this?” interjection in chinese?

For example of a case: (I was in home walking holding a jar of chocolate candy, I was gonna go to upstairs) Mom: (She saw me and she called me from behind) "Where did you buy that?" Me: (I was a bit ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

How do Chinese judge the right sound quality (softness, awkwardness, respectfulness (面子), negativity)

Please note that I have re-written this question for clarity. Subjective Comprehension In a number of questions asked here on CLSE, I have noticed answers that include responses about how ...
3
votes
3answers
157 views

How to translate the following grammar-pattern: 让/叫 N+V —— N还/ 就真 V (呀)

I know that this is a pattern that expresses a reverse meaning of what is really expressed (some kind of rhetorical question) - and that the speaker is somehow showing a negative attitude. I suppose ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Meaning of 差 in sentence

I have difficulties understanding sentence. What is meaning of 差 in the following sentence? 我看一下,现在差一刻九点。 Thanks
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What is the difference, if any, between 即使 and 無論?

Is a big difference between 即使 and 無論? I was working on a couple of fill-in-the-blanks exercises and the following sentence came up: 你的畫很有特色,(blank)是畫家也不一定能畫德比你好。 I think the right answer ...
3
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2answers
195 views

What is the difference between 怎么 and 如何?

Is it mostly a question of register?
3
votes
3answers
110 views

How to expess “nostalgia” in chinese?

So, I know that in general we can use something like 叙旧 to mean "reminisce (as if with old classmates). But how would we say something like "nostalgic" as in 这首歌让我很Nostalgic。 怀旧? 舍不得? THanks for ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

How do you say “Take the next right” when giving directions

I'm interested to see if anyone can help me out. I was talking to a chinese friend and I was trying to give them directions - however, I was struggling saying the simple phrase in english of "Once you ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

Usage of 去 and 來 : is “context switching” allowed?

I am often confused with the use of 來 and 去. I made a picture synthesizing my current understanding of 來 and 去: 去 is used in the context when someone is going far away from A. 來 is used in the ...
3
votes
3answers
271 views

What does 了 mean in this sentence 曾在新西兰Berger king 做过汉堡,当过收银员。这份工作让我认识到了团队合作的重要

Is it a verb? A past tense maker? Which is its function of 了 in this sentence 曾在新西兰Berger king 做过汉堡,当过收银员。这份工作让我认识到了团队合作的重要 ? Thanks!!
3
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2answers
116 views

Not clear what or who the subject of these sentences is

My translation: 当你长大,你慢慢学会几件事情;有些人不必理会,无论他说什么做什么,多么幼稚又多么讨厌,真的不需要在乎。有些人永远成不了你的敌人,不必抬举他,这种人太看得起自己了,以为拼命攻击你伤害你,就能够被你所恨。有些人不必等待,你心里其实清楚得很,这个人不必再等了,只是你放不下. As you grow up, you slowly learn a few things; ...
3
votes
1answer
475 views

How to say things are different from one another

Lately I have been confused on how to say different in Mandarin. I learned 不同 and 不一样 but am not confident on their usage. I am also unsure of the grammar. I found 与众不同 but this seems to also have the ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Why are there so many 与 here?

In the following passage there are a lot of 与. Please let me know if I understand each of them correctly. 公关人是客户*与*市场受众的纽带, 公关公司职员通过*与*媒体编辑或记者的联系和沟通,将客户的需求软性地传递给目标客户群。 Public Relation are customers' ...
3
votes
4answers
185 views

Usage of word 到 in 我很高兴见到你

Why do one need to write a word 到 in statement 我很高兴见到你? Can we omit it? It's like being complete without that word for me. Why do we need to use it? I found this phrase in this book.
3
votes
1answer
127 views

“以来” - Chinese dictionary says noun. “Since” in English dictionary says preposition, conjunction. Distinction?

A couple of Chinese dictionaries I used says for 以来, part of speech is 名 (noun). Since in an English dictionary says preposition first. Is it incorrect to assume a direct correlation between parts ...
3
votes
3answers
74 views

Complement of direction: difference between two sentences

他出商店去了。 他从商店出去了。 Why is only the second sentence right? I knew that when we use a directional complement, we could put the object in the middle between the two verbs. So why do I have to use 从 in ...
2
votes
7answers
178 views

How to say that the teacher has marked my homework?

How to translate this? Today I reviewed the homework my teacher had marked. Best I can do is 今天我复习了我老师会给我的作业 That's without saying the homework was assessed (and corrected). Can't seem to find ...
2
votes
6answers
372 views

What is the function of 甲 in 桂林山水甲天下?

What i know: 甲 is used for enumeration of items or persons in a dialogue, it corresponds to western 1. , a) , I. , X. 桂林山水 = Landscape of Guilin 天下 = literary expression for whole china or ...
2
votes
9answers
603 views

Are “我在哪里可以买火车票” and “我哪里可以买火车票” both correct sentences?

Are "我在哪里可以买火车票" and "我哪里可以买火车票" both correct sentences? If one isn't, why?
2
votes
3answers
113 views

Difference between 检索 and 找

I'm interested in what the exact difference is in usage between 检索 and 找 - I know that we can saying 检索资料 but I'm wondering if we could "检索" something that is a bit more concrete. For example, ...
2
votes
3answers
223 views

What is 被 doing in sentence “这种病在三十年前就被根除了”?

I understand that the sentence means something like "This disease was eradicated 30 years ago", but I have no idea what role does 被 have in it? Is the sentence okay if we remove it? Does it convey ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

Translation of “this much and no more”

I found this sentence and its English translation on tatoeba.org: 我知道的就這麼多了。 Beyond this I know nothing. Now I'm trying to parse the sentence structure, and I'd like some confirmation or a ...
2
votes
4answers
134 views

追忆 vs。怀旧 how to say “To reminisce”?

For a while, I've been trying to express a good translation for the english "to reminisce". Reminisce means, in general, to spend time with friends/family thinking about happy things that had happened ...
2
votes
4answers
61 views

I did (Something) as much as I would in (X amount of time)

In english there is a common expression that is "I did (something) as much as I would in (A period of time)". Generally in this pattern the period of time is a large period of time - and the ...
2
votes
3answers
126 views

How do I say “It didn't help that..”

In english, we often use the transition "it didn't help that" to indicate that something bad had happened, and that there was another factor that potentially made it even worse. Ex. He was already ...
2
votes
5answers
131 views

Which sentence is correct?

Wondering where to put a time frequency word in a Chinese sentence? Which one of the following sentences is correct? 我每个星期去四次大学 or 我每个星期去大学四次? Thanks!
2
votes
4answers
338 views

Is verb+点儿 an adverb?

My friend asked me about the following sentence that appears in NPCR 1, Lesson 12: 你要多穿点儿衣服. I understand that it means "You should wear some more clothes." However, she is confused about the word ...
2
votes
4answers
332 views

What do these 将 and 为 mean?

警方将小印度一带规划为受管制区,不许任何人在管制区内公共场所喝酒。 Not sure how these 将 and 为 are used grammar wise. If I were to break it down: (警方)(将)(小印度一带)(规划)(为)(受管制区) (police)(towards/把?)(little india) (plans) (???) (area ...
2
votes
4answers
145 views

Should you ever repeat the subject "我“ in a sentence?

So, I struggle with a common construction in Chinese where I don't know whether I should use the subject twice or not. For example, in the sentence "After I finished talking with her I went to ...
2
votes
4answers
395 views

How to say “I prefer x over y”?

For example: I prefer eating fried rice over fried chicken. How to say that in chinese? How about this? 我较喜欢吃炒饭比炸鸡 我炒饭比炸鸡较喜欢吃
2
votes
2answers
250 views

Difference of 不可. 不要. and 别

In Chinese, 不可, 不要, and 别 can all mean "don't". I am wondering about the differences between them. For example these sentences: 1. 不可吃。 2 别哭了。 3 你不要打扰!
2
votes
2answers
593 views

Resultative complement 到

Is using the resultative complement 到 generally equivalent to saying "at the time this action was finished"? Can 你走到车站的时候已经很晚了吗? be translated as "By the time you reached the station were you ...
2
votes
4answers
108 views

Can you say “回去 ____" (A location?)

Quick question: Can you 回去 a location? or can you only say 回去 by itself? ex. “回去 我家乡”