Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, sentences and expressions.

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2
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2answers
89 views

Does 道上的人物 represent anything special?

xxx 也是道上的人物... Does "道上" mean something like "a good and legal path" while "道下" (not sure if even this is a word) means "the illegal ways"?
2
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2answers
92 views

How much more is '翻一番‘

I think this means 'double the sales volume', but 翻 can mean 'turnover' as in 'sales volume' or 'double'. '一番‘ seems to mean 'twofold'. I'm a bit confused. 。。。在未来十年内实现销售额翻一番, 。。。maybe = ...double ...
2
votes
3answers
121 views

grammar sentences

I have been learning Mandarin since beginning of this year. I also learn from song. Then today I read some lyrics from song. I read some sentences : "我看不清楚", then I just think why it should be like ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Can I use a verb+的 construction to imply an item/noun?

I'm often don't which noun to use, but I can think of a verb to describe it. I know that 吃的 (to eat + 的) means food, so I was wondering if I can use it with other verbs as well, like 洗澡的 (to bathe + ...
2
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3answers
213 views

Is there a “better” translation for “你我还没完呢”? Why is it “你我” without a possible “和”? And please can anyone confirm the function of “呢” in this one?

I was watching an American TV show with Chinese subtitles on. There was a scene where a character said, "You haven't seen the last of me, Ms.Ellison.", and the Chinese subtitle for it was,"你我还没完呢 ...
2
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2answers
119 views

how can I change sentence not using 得?

my question is 大声回答 can be changed to 回答得大声 ? So if I can make other sentences using V+de (得)+Adj become Adj+V ?
2
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2answers
99 views

The position of 给

I‘ve notice that sometimes 给 changes its position in the sentece. Look at these examples: • 我发给你一个邮件 • 我给你发一个邮件 Both are correct but what different meaning/shadow do they express?
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3answers
275 views

Where to put the time phrase

Does an adverb of frequency usually occur after the verb? How should I say "how often do you play sports?" 你运动多久一次? OR 你多久运动一次?
2
votes
1answer
68 views

比 comparison structures: positive adjectives?

In some textbook materials, I read that comparisons in Chinese should be used with "positive adjectives". For example: This is correct: 我比他高。 This is said to be incorrect: 他比我矮。 It should be: 他没有我高。 ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

How is 着 pronounced here?

In Mo Yan's Red Sorghum there is a line saying: 曾外祖母做了好饭好菜,说着甜言蜜语, The meaning is clear, and could be translated either "Greatgrandmother made good foods and said honeyed words" or "Greatgrandmother ...
2
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2answers
113 views

Fill in the Blanks/Grammar error

两个队的分数_都很_近. The spaces are where words/phrases are supposed to go. Are there such words that fit in these spaces? I've been going through google trying to find similar sentence structures but to no ...
2
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2answers
141 views

Is this Chinese sentence grammatical? I'm unsure about a few words and phrases

I've been trying to translate this sentence but there are a few points I'm puzzled on: 市场调查部就最近为针对Quest公司在市场策略上对'以客户为主以雇员为本'所作出的调整而拟定的方案发表了分内整和外扩的两个方面的建议,其目的为促使本公司在相应策略上能够与时并进,从而得到市场竞争力的提升. This is ...
2
votes
5answers
254 views

Is “之” usually used as a possessive pronoun (attributive) in Classical Chinese?

True or False Question: In classical Chinese, “之” is usually used as a possessive pronoun (attributive), “其” is usually used as a subject, and “彼” is usually used as an object. a. True b. ...
2
votes
2answers
156 views

What is important to consider while building an adverbial phrase?

As far as I know, in Chinese, the adverbial phrase is put right in front of the verb and its purpose is to describe the verb. Sentence pattern: S adverbialphrase V O What are the rules to put a ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Sound Loans in Chinese

On one comment to a recent question, LulalaBoss made reference to this article on Chinese character classification. When a character is transformed or redefined, is there a comprehensive method to ...
2
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2answers
111 views

我一個晚上開銷就不只三萬了. What's 了 doing?

我一個晚上開銷就不只三萬了. What's 了 doing?
2
votes
3answers
162 views

What is the grammar behind 没四百下不来

Ok so I recently heard the phrase on a tv show 没四百下不来 I kind of intuitively understand in the context that it meant that not even 400元 could buy the flowers that they were discussing. However,...
2
votes
3answers
450 views

How to use 如 to make comparisons or analogies

I see this come up sometimes in idioms, and I find it easy to understand but not easy to use(1) Is it used to spoken comparisons or analogies? Or is it only for literary, formal, fixed expression? If ...
2
votes
4answers
140 views

Is this sentence using 以…为?

I read this sentence in the book 游子吟: 神的存在是一个不以人们的主观意志为转移的客观事实 I'm unclear about what "以" and "为" are doing here. I Googled to see if "以...为" is a common construct; this page says that you can ...
2
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2answers
286 views

Comparing 我一个弟兄们 with 我的一个兄弟

《庭审现场》20151226 谁在说谎 http://news.cntv.cn/2015/12/26/VIDE1451136647389475.shtml. Civil case plaintiff 李付成, at time mark 01:42, says: 我一个弟兄们(有三间老房子). Would 我的一个兄弟 (or at least 我的一个弟兄) not be more usual? ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Asking Someone How Their Chinese Studies Are Going

I have a friend who has started learning Mandarin, and I want to ask them how their Mandarin studies are going. The first phrase that comes to mind is this: 你中文学习得怎么样? I'm not sure, however, if 怎么样 ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How to interpret '开始起步' in this sentence

In this sentence, IT企业的电子商务也在1999年开始起步。how would you translate '开始起步'?
2
votes
1answer
162 views

有钱能使鬼推磨, is this verb serialization?

So there is a Chinese saying, 有钱能使鬼推磨。 If you have money, you can make the devil push the millstone for you. Right after the verb 有,the other verb 能+使 comes. Is that also considered verb ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Difference between 只,之, and 支?

I'm a native speaker but I don't know the first thing about writing Chinese, on Rosetta stone we were shown 一支笔 and 一只狗, whats the difference and where and when do you use each one?
2
votes
1answer
190 views

What are the rules for nested sentences?

A simple sentence in Chinese looks syntactially like this: S t p V O. S(ubject),V(erb),O(bject),t(imephrase),p(lacephrase). How do i put a further sentence in another sentence?
2
votes
1answer
97 views

How do you say “I quickly forgot…” (As in an emotion you were feeling)

I'm trying to figure out how I could express that I had a feeling/emotion. and then, after a certain event happend/began I "Quickly forgot" that I had that emotion. In english we could say "At the ...
2
votes
1answer
621 views

Differences between 正在, 正 and 在 with the meaning of an action in progress?

When should I prefer to use only 正, only 在 or both together? Are there any rules? Does it sound really weird or incorrect to native speakers if someone use them improperly?
2
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2answers
94 views

Question about complement of frequency? (Using 过 and 次)

I know that it is grammatical to say "我游了三次泳." If I wanted to say, "I saw you three times," could I say it as "我看过你三次见"? Thank you, Rachel
2
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2answers
82 views

他很慢地走: why there is 地 if the adjective is monosyllabic?

I can't use 地 after the adjective if the adjective is monosyllabic (他慢地走 isn't acceptable. Then why in this sentence is there 地 after a monosyllabic adjective? 他很慢地走 Is it because I can use 地 if ...
1
vote
4answers
280 views

Can you use 丰富 to describe a day?

So, I'm trying to figure out how to use 丰富 most correctly. I know that youcan say 今天的晚餐很丰富。 But how else could it be used? Could I say “今天过得好丰富?“ in say a written diary? Thanks for the help guys!
1
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5answers
346 views

Do people use 但愿 nowadays?

Quick question: I heard my teacher recently use the term 但愿 - which apparently means to "Wish that they had/something happened". The example give was " 他们但愿我也是从湘西来的” Is this normally used in ...
1
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3answers
256 views

How does 平均 differ from 均匀?

I already knew that 平均 means "average", 均匀 means "even" or "evenly distributed". But how to distiguish these two phrases? Can you give me some examples? Thanks a lot!
1
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6answers
451 views

Can you say someone is a ”非常熟的人“?

I know that you can say something like "我跟她很熟“。 But can you make someone into a very 熟的人。 ex。 他们是我在大学最熟的人
1
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2answers
193 views

What is this 远 in this sentence?

The subject is ‘跨国公司进入一个新的市场’ 第三是企业的标准化阶段,与全球远作相结合的阶段。 I think '相‘ is '互相‘ My guess is 远 works with 作:远作 = ‘remotely do' The third stage is company standardization stage, mutually(互相) combining ...
1
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3answers
107 views

Possessive and plural: usage of 们 and 的

This is a very basic question about a simple topic that is not really clear to me (curiously, my book doesn't address it, or, more probably, I don't get it). There are rules to: to pluralize ...
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4answers
191 views

What's the difference between “睡不着” and "没睡着“?

Please help me clarify the difference between the two phrases: I thought that 睡不着 means that you cannot fall asleep (可能补语) for example: 我经常失眠, 睡不着觉。 and that 没睡着 means that you didn't sleep (结果补语) ...
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3answers
192 views

Which number translation is correct?

I need to write a numeral in 汉字。 But I am not sure, if I need to put 一 in huge numerals before tens. So, my numeral is 81,016 and my question is: do I need to write: 八万一千零一十六 or: 八万一千零十六 Which ...
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vote
9answers
316 views

Why “校车来了“, not ”校车来着“ and ”校车正来"?

My question is as the title. The sentence "school bus is coming" is translated as "校车来了". I understand this translation because "了" here indicates a new situation. But why are "校车来着" or "校车正来" WRONG?
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4answers
69 views

Why did they write a comma here?

I think I understand this sentence correctly, but the 4th comma puzzles me. Is it necessary?? 在当当网,“创新”是全方位,而俞渝就像心脏一样,源源不断地把创新的血液,输送到企业每一个环节。 I think this is: 在当当网,“创新”是全方位,而俞渝就像心脏一样,...
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2answers
104 views

Can I use 的 between the name and 他们

I had this sentence which was a bit difficult for me to understand at first because of the name + 他们. I understand it now. 郭高林他们决心用实际行动证明自己。 My questions is, can I write it like this: 郭高林 的 ...
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2answers
69 views

does 并未 have to go with a pairing of words?

So, I recently learned that 并未 is a formal way of saying 并没有. However, whenever I see it in writing it is always paired with a two word set. (i.e. 并未解决, 并未提出, 等。 ) Is this a hard and fast rule? I've ...
1
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3answers
242 views

What do you think about this introduction to answering Yes/No questions?

I have found a lot of information about asking questions but very little about answering them. I want to create a rule to help learners answer affirmative/negative questions in Chinese. Presently I ...
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4answers
194 views

很 and 最 - Questions of The Context

很 means very. 最 means truly, really. I was wondering in which context they would be most appropriate. 我最喜欢去组约。- I'd really like to go to New York. So 最 can be used as a descriptor in this ...
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5answers
186 views

双刃剑 vs。 两面刀 which is used more often?

I'd like to know which of these two phrases you use more often. I know that in general they both mean "a double edged sword" is one used more in Taiwan or in mainland China?
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2answers
170 views

Are 得到 and 接受 similar?

I saw the previous posts about 接受 and 接收。 But couldn't find information about the difference between 接受 and 得到。 它们的对象可以是抽象的也可以是具体的? 得到/接受的可以是好的也可以是消极的? Or maybe I just need to memorize the “习惯搭配”?!
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3answers
195 views

The correct usage of 大约 vs. 差不多

I am a bit confused by the appropriate use of 大约 and 差不多. I have learned to use 差不多 in many cases where I am talking about an approximate amount, value, extent, etc. of something, or speaking about ...
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2answers
212 views

What is meaning of the sentence 「夫非盡人之子與」?

夫非盡人之子與 I only understand this sentence from classical Chinese to a very low degree. 夫 could be some kind of sentence particle or simply mean "man". 非 and 與 often belong together, 非 negates a ...
1
vote
3answers
104 views

In “会很 <adj.> 的”, is 很 meaningless?

会~的 explains the future event that will happen. 她肯定会很高兴的。 She will be (very) happy. Is that 的 a collaboration of 会~的?(很 does NOT mean 'very', like 我很好)or just associated with the adjective 高兴? (很 ...
1
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3answers
234 views

What is the difference: “和小猫一样可爱” and “像小猫一样可爱”

There are two sentences: 她的宝宝和小猫一样可爱 (I never ran into a sentence like the one until recently.) 她的宝宝像小猫一样可爱 Question: Are these two sentences exchangeable? Or, what is the difference between "和...一样"...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

How to translate and answer the question?

I make my homework, but I am not sure in translating of a sentence and would be glad to become an answer from native speakers. The task is to write an answer to a question. The question is: 学经济的人多不多? ...