Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, sentences and expressions.

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0
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3answers
55 views

When is the 把 construction forbidden?

I would like to understand which (if any) of these sentences are incorrect and why. 我给了我妹妹一支笔。(being the most basic, this is the one I think I understand) 我把那支笔给我妹妹了。 我把一支笔给我妹妹了。 我在把这支笔给我的妹妹 ...
6
votes
3answers
451 views

What does “被续了” mean?

我想这个穿着红色衣服的男孩已经被续了。 In this sentence, the word "续" means life-prolonging, and when people say this they usually mean that someone was being life-prolonged to somebody instead of someone was being ...
0
votes
2answers
140 views

Use of complement 到

When using the complement 到, like in 买不到, being able/unable to achieve the goal - is connected to the subject or object? For example 这本新书很受欢迎, 你现在去买, 一定买不到。 (cannot buy because there are no books ...
0
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2answers
138 views

Does this sentence sound awkward?

I recently tried to compose a sentence to some who told me they were translating a book from English to Chinese. I responded to them: 太好了!很不幸,我的中文知识不足够的,所以不可能帮你们。加油,我很兴奋的! As I am not a native ...
2
votes
5answers
213 views

Question about use of 不比

I have a question about making comparisons in Chinese. What's the difference between saying '我不比她差' and '我比她不差'? Thank you, Rachel
0
votes
0answers
34 views

analytic grammar and characters [migrated]

Is there any relationship (either one implies the other, for example) between the usage of characters and analytic grammar. By analytic grammar I mostly refer to the lack of conjugations, and hence ...
19
votes
6answers
1k views

How do I decide whether to use 可以, 会 or 能?

According to every dictionary I've seen so far, there is a big overlap in these: 可以 = can, may, be able to 会  = can, be able to, able 能  = can, may, able, capable How do I properly choose which ...
3
votes
5answers
901 views

When to use “他的太太” and when “他太太”?

I've read the two different sentences, of which one uses "他的太太" and the other uses "他太太". How can I tell the difference between the two? For example, in the following sentence: 现在他想他的太太。 现在他想他太太。 ...
1
vote
3answers
165 views

What comes after 不愁 is it negative or positive?

So, I know that 不愁 means to "not worry about" but I'm trying to figure out its exact usage. In particular, I'm trying to figure out if the phrase after 不愁 is always negative? For example, I know ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Neng [能] vs Ke yi [可以] [duplicate]

What is the main differences between 能,and 可以? They both mean "to be able to", or simply "can", correct?
0
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3answers
83 views

Is there a grammar rule for using 的 in this snippet 但是有意思的是?

As I understand ...,但是有意思的是,... means ..., but the interesting thing is, ... but I went through great pains to arrive at this. The culprit here that jammed the cranks in my head was the 的. Had it not ...
2
votes
5answers
140 views

出于考虑 vs。 基于考虑 。 Do Taiwanese say 基于?

Question for you all. Recently, I've been using a textbook from mainland China. In the textbook, I learned 出于Sth考虑, which means roughly "Out of consideration for ___" My teacher, who is Taiwanese, ...
0
votes
3answers
90 views

How to determine what 即 means in a sentence

I was reading an advertisement that says: '阿里云免费体验! 注册即获得高达300美元体验套餐! 立即开通阿里云全球服务!' Would 即获得 mean 'immediately obtain?' 即 can mean so many different things, it's a bit confusing. Many thanks, ...
1
vote
5answers
186 views

双刃剑 vs。 两面刀 which is used more often?

I'd like to know which of these two phrases you use more often. I know that in general they both mean "a double edged sword" is one used more in Taiwan or in mainland China?
-3
votes
2answers
55 views

i want to know what i say in text is correct [closed]

Nǐ hǎo. Wǒ shì shuí? Wǒ de míngzì shì SHAYAN Dàn nǐ kěyǐ jiào wǒ (xué yǎng). Wǒ yǒu èrshíliù suì. Wǒ yǒu liǎng gè xiōngdì hé yīgè mèimei Hobbies and interests: Wǒ xǐhuān chī de shíwù yě hē Soft ...
0
votes
3answers
156 views

How do I say “share with me” in Chinese?

I'd like to know how to form a sentence such as, "He shared this information with me," "She shared her recommendations with me." I believe the "with" here is not 跟,和 or 与, since the "sharing" action ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Getting my eyebrows done = 修眉 (xiū méi); how do I use this?

Getting your eyebrows done is different in China than in the West. In China, it involves shaving (rather than waxing or threading), trimming, and plucking. Consequently, I have been asking for 刮眉毛 (...
1
vote
4answers
191 views

What's the difference between “睡不着” and "没睡着“?

Please help me clarify the difference between the two phrases: I thought that 睡不着 means that you cannot fall asleep (可能补语) for example: 我经常失眠, 睡不着觉。 and that 没睡着 means that you didn't sleep (结果补语) ...
0
votes
4answers
130 views

Difference between 还 and 又

Both 还 and 又 may be used to indicate an addition to the preceding information: 我买了香蕉、苹果还买了葡萄。 我们不但要努力学习,还要考得好。 昨天没考好,现在又撞伤了,真倒霉。 他要买肉又要买鱼。 May I exchange both in all above examples? If not, what ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Help me with correcting the structure of this sentence

Reading the sentence below out loud felt extremely awkward, however I can't figure which part is improperly constructed to begin fixing the sentence. The way I want to express the following idea in ...
1
vote
3answers
131 views

Wrong or merely redundant use of 们?

There appear to be some rare examples of suffix 们 after 许多、很多、各位。According to some sources this is acceptable。Examples: 许多: "许多思想家们认为"( http://chinese.irib.ir/2010-07-31-13-14-51/2010-07-31-13-16-...
0
votes
5answers
104 views

Difference between 决策 and 决定

I'm trying to understand the difference between 决策 and 决定. It seems like 决策 is used more formally and in the case of business contexts more (e.g. 战略决策 - strategic decision)。 But, I wasn't sure if that ...
8
votes
3answers
379 views

Quotation Marks (“”) and Angle Quotation Marks (《》)

Based on my recent observation, most people use "" to enclose a quote and use 《》 to enclose the name of a book (or a movie?). However, since I began my Chinese study, I have been learning to use 「」 as ...
1
vote
3answers
109 views

How to ask a simple maths / arithmetic question

I'm trying to internalize numbers by forcing myself to think of them numerically rather than associating them with their English translations. So I thought it might be a good idea to learn my times ...
2
votes
2answers
286 views

Comparing 我一个弟兄们 with 我的一个兄弟

《庭审现场》20151226 谁在说谎 http://news.cntv.cn/2015/12/26/VIDE1451136647389475.shtml. Civil case plaintiff 李付成, at time mark 01:42, says: 我一个弟兄们(有三间老房子). Would 我的一个兄弟 (or at least 我的一个弟兄) not be more usual? ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

Question about the use of 中 (first or fourth tone)?

I'm unsure whether the 中 in this phrase is to be in the first or fourth tone: 吃得苦中苦,方为人上人. Also, what exactly does 方 mean in this saying? Thank you, Rachel
1
vote
1answer
242 views

How to translate and answer the question?

I make my homework, but I am not sure in translating of a sentence and would be glad to become an answer from native speakers. The task is to write an answer to a question. The question is: 学经济的人多不多? ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Best way to express a change of subjects in a succession of events

I'm trying to say that "she will go eat after playing tennis with her friends" but I want to know if there are better ways of saying this then the ones I'm about to show 她和朋友打了网球,她去吃饭。 or 她跟朋友打网球以后,...
0
votes
3answers
120 views

Would it be incorrect to not include 儿 here?

For example, what's the difference between 那边儿 and 那边? When writing in Chinese do I need the 儿 because I've heard people say both.
1
vote
3answers
76 views

How to use 以 in Literary Chinese?

For example: 差之毫厘,谬以千里 I understand the overall meaning of this saying, but if I wanted to just be able to define 以 as it is used here, how could I do so? Thank you, Rachel
1
vote
2answers
170 views

Are 得到 and 接受 similar?

I saw the previous posts about 接受 and 接收。 But couldn't find information about the difference between 接受 and 得到。 它们的对象可以是抽象的也可以是具体的? 得到/接受的可以是好的也可以是消极的? Or maybe I just need to memorize the “习惯搭配”?!
1
vote
4answers
122 views

Word order in a sentence with 跟 and 在

I am not sure if I should put 跟 before 在 or the other way round. For example: 我跟朋友(一起)在饭馆吃饭 or 我在饭馆跟朋友(一起)吃饭 Can I use both, but the meaning is slightly different?
1
vote
3answers
192 views

Which number translation is correct?

I need to write a numeral in 汉字。 But I am not sure, if I need to put 一 in huge numerals before tens. So, my numeral is 81,016 and my question is: do I need to write: 八万一千零一十六 or: 八万一千零十六 Which ...
3
votes
3answers
123 views

What does "不等“ add in 从A到B不等?

So, I just learned this grammar. For example, I know that we can say 这个商店的价格从五十元到五千元不等。 But, I thought I could also say 这个商店的价格从五十元到五千元。 What does 不等 add to the sentence? Does it slightly ...
13
votes
5answers
662 views

Learning how to use measure / count words properly

Chinese has measure (or count) words like “个” (一个人), “部” (三部车), etc. These always get me confused, and there way too many of them. Are there any general rules that can help me memorize them? Also, ...
2
votes
4answers
140 views

Is this sentence using 以…为?

I read this sentence in the book 游子吟: 神的存在是一个不以人们的主观意志为转移的客观事实 I'm unclear about what "以" and "为" are doing here. I Googled to see if "以...为" is a common construct; this page says that you can ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

How do you use - 我还是做一枚安静的N 吧

Question for you all. I've seen sentences that are like this 我还是做一枚安静的吃货好了 or 我还是做一枚安静的美少女 I understand that this is a funny expression (used primarily online) Can I replace the final word with ...
7
votes
2answers
294 views

Is the measure word optional in 这件毛衣?

I've heard the sentence 这毛衣, (so without measure word), but my chinese manual always use a measure word after 这: 这件毛衣 这件苹果 Is the measure word optionnal in after 这 ?
2
votes
5answers
168 views

When should I use 经验 and when should I use 经历?

Can I say "跟据我的经历那儿的人很友好"? Is this a correct sentence? Should I use 经历, 经验, or is there a better way to say this sentence?
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Usage of 我的太太 or 我太太 [duplicate]

When I want to say "my wife" - is it just "我太太" or is it "我的太太"? I've read both and wonder what the difference is, if there is any. Or are both used equally?
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Parts of speech question.

Parts of speech are always dicey in Chinese. What is a verb, what is an adjective etc. So, In the sentence 你好!, what part of speech is Hao?
0
votes
5answers
137 views
2
votes
1answer
68 views

比 comparison structures: positive adjectives?

In some textbook materials, I read that comparisons in Chinese should be used with "positive adjectives". For example: This is correct: 我比他高。 This is said to be incorrect: 他比我矮。 It should be: 他没有我高。 ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Is this sentence using 是在?

I was reading this article when I came across this: 让任意的值是在一个上下文当中. 现在的情况你可以想象一个可以把值放进去的盒子 Because of the English version, I know that this is saying: Let an arbitrary value be in a context. ...
6
votes
3answers
214 views

Which measure word should I use with 角色?

Nciku tells me the proper measure word is 类, but a quick search on Google garnered mostly results like "哪类角色更容易赢“小金人”?“ implying that for the most part 类 is used when inquiring about a particular type ...
7
votes
1answer
636 views

What is the difference in usage between 以后 and 之后?

Today John Pasden linked to an old Sinosplice post in which he discussed how Chinese grammatical categories cannot be mapped neatly onto those of Indo-European languages. http://www.sinosplice.com/...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

What is the difference between 涉及 and 涉及到

I'm trying to figure out the difference betwen 涉及and 涉及到. I know here are two examples of each 当今世界的很多问题都涉及到全球的共同利益 - Could I say 涉及? Or 她的演讲涉及了太多敏感的话题 - Could I say 涉及到?
4
votes
3answers
332 views

A Golden Rule for When Chinese Repeat a Word Twice X Twice? 热热闹闹

I have come across several times reading Chinese that they repeat words twice and then again. For an Instance what is the difference between 热闹 and 热热闹闹 ? what is the grammar meaning when words get ...
3
votes
3answers
284 views

Why is 儿 in different positions in “儿子” and “女儿”?

儿 [Er] child 儿子 [Érzi] son 女儿 [Nǚ'ér] daughter So, why is 儿 in different positions in each word but they are both valid?
4
votes
5answers
223 views

“不应” vs. “不该”: Which is used in formal writing?

Recently I've been writing "should not" in Chinese a lot. But, I've been confused. What is the difference between "不该“ and "不应“? Are they both used? For example, I know we can say 对不起,我不该说那么难听的话。 ...