Questions on specific points regarding the ability to use the correct consonants, vowels, tone, stress, rhythm and intonation of a word in a spoken Chinese

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3
votes
1answer
61 views

words where it is important to distinguish between the neutral tone and the citation tone

I'm working through the HSK vocab lists, and sometimes I find it hard to remember if a character should be pronounced with the neutral tone or with the citation tone. It would help if I knew when ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Rhyme and tones

In rhymes, is only the sound of syllables concerned (see: Rhyming in modern Mandarin), or also the tone is somehow involved? Thanks!
-3
votes
0answers
39 views

What rule if any determines the tone of a character following another character? [duplicate]

Going through this 听力练习, I have the choices A瓦匠,B木匠,C油漆匠,D铁匠 A and D are both third tone first character, and 匠 is 'no tone'. One shouldn't jump to conclusions on little evidence. Checking I find ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Numbering for mobile verification call to China in Chinese

I am making a chat application , so for number verification I need to make calls (your verification code is 1234) on the number. I want to know if I called to China in Chinese then how the numbers are ...
3
votes
5answers
255 views

Correct pinyin and pronunciation for 太阳

What is the correct pinyin and pronunciation for 太阳? Most dictionaries put it as: tai4 yang2, but I noticed cc-cedict uses tai4 yang5. There is also a discussion in the change log around colloquial ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

I need help translating >how< a word would be spoken

I am trying to find someone that will help me take words that are spoken in Spanish, such as Hola, and represent the sounds made by hola in Chinese Pinyin so someone who doesn't speak Spanish could ...
7
votes
5answers
271 views

Is "一“ in 一线城市 first or second tone?

Quick question: Is "一“ in 一线城市 first or second tone? If it is first tone, is this because it is being used as a number? Cheers, Stephen
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Why some characters have different sounds? [duplicate]

My translator (Pleco) says that 乐 is pronunced as le. However, 音乐 seems to be pronunced as yīnyuè. Why? Is it possible to know if a character has different sounds depending on the context?
13
votes
1answer
404 views

How do non-native speakers get to perceive tones in Chinese?

Recently I've been teaching an English-speaking friend some basics about Chinese, but inevitably he got stuck with the tones. I've demonstrated to him the 4 tones with audio files, yet it seems hard ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

How do you say “Do you speak Chinese?” in Mandarin and Cantonese?

I realize that it's fairly easy to Google it but I'd never know how to pronounce it. Are there any audio recordings out there? Thanks!
8
votes
6answers
549 views

When is the spelling and the pronunciation different?

I noticed that sometimes certain finals in Chinese sound differently when combined with different initials. For e.g., what is spelled "u" sometimes is pronounced "ü". Other times, I think the final ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Does Cantonese have a falling tone?

In all Cantonese romanization systems I could find, tone 4 is labelled the falling tone. However according to http://www.freehongkong.net/cantonese-pronunciation-cantonese-tones/ Cantonese does not ...
3
votes
2answers
373 views

How is pronunciation discussed in Chinese?

Here's an English example: Learner: Wait, how is c-o-w pronounced? Native: COW, like a K sound followed by ow. But in Chinese there are no phonetic letters. So how are children taught how to ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Pronunciation of 内容

The standard pronunciation of this is nèiróng. However, I often hear (and sometimes myself pronounce, especially when speaking quickly) it as nèiyǒng (perhaps closer to a neutral tone on yong). Is ...
4
votes
2answers
326 views

Hokkien pronunciation of `白头偕老`

白头偕老 is a set expression in Mandarin, meaning to get old together, in a loose translation. I found it in a Hokkien song called 牵阮的手 (Mandarin 牵我的手, English While you hold my hand). In the linked ...
2
votes
2answers
34 views

Cantonese Pronunciation of 户珥 (Hur)

Hur (Ex. 17:12) in the Bible is translated as 户珥. Does anybody know for sure how to pronounce 户珥 in Cantonese? 珥 has two variants (Jyutping) nei6 餌, 鈮, 膩 and ji6 二, 樲, 潩 I just wonder ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

解 Read as Jiai?

from《四川方言词典》: 解 jiai3 Originally, I just figured it was a topolectical reading but then I found this: “解”的准确读音是“jiai” ...
4
votes
3answers
181 views

The two pronunciations of 粘

粘 can be read as either "nian" or "zhan", but in both way it can be translated as "sticky", so what is the difference? In other words what should I take in mind, when reading a text , in order to ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

Pronunciation Of 佛 in 四川话

The 1986 edition of《四川方言词典》has the following entry: 乐山的大佛——老石人 Lo2 san1 ni1 da4 fu3——nao3 si2 ren2 乐山大佛距今已有一千多年历史, 所以是“老石人”。谐“老实人”。 ▷你以为他是~嗦? 他才阴倒不老实。 佛 is given the ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Were 蒸 and 祯 homonyms?

Wu Dalang, a character in Water Margin, which takes place during the Song dynasty, sold steamed buns called "炊饼". These buns were originally called 蒸饼: 凡以面為食具者,皆謂之餅,故火燒而食者呼為燒餅,水淪而食者呼為湯餅,籠蒸而食者呼為蒸餅。 ...
7
votes
4answers
187 views

Rhyming in modern Mandarin

What syllables rhyme in modern Mandarin, according to the native speakers? I'm looking for some rules or rhyme tables. I have found some, but I'm confused by the fact that 韵 may both mean "rhyme" and ...
1
vote
3answers
117 views

How is the meaning of 不得已 formed?

I am under the impression that Chinese multi-character words form their meaning from that of the characters that form these words. (Let me know if I am mistaken!) I know that 不得已 means "to have to". ...
1
vote
3answers
116 views

Is Pronunciation As Important As It Used To Be?

Recent "puns" are showing a big change in pronunciation: 神马 [play on 什么 | me -> mǎ] 妹纸 [play on 妹子 | zi -> zhǐ] 歪果 [play on 外国 | wài -> wāi && guó -> guǒ] 肿么 [play on 怎么 | zěn -> zhǒng] We ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

A Complex Chinese Character

I randomly saw this character on the blog a while ago and saved a image of it as shown below. Is this even a character? If so, what does it mean? When is it used? What was the origin of it? How do ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

The pronunciation of 的 [duplicate]

I have always pronounced 的 as "dė", regardless of the context, but I have heard people pronouncing it as "di"(fifth tone). For instance, 我的(di)姑娘 暖暖的(di) 漫長的(di)歲月 I do not remember ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Zhuyin (bopomofo) vs Pinyin

I have learnt to use both zhuyin and pinyin for spelling out the pronunciation of a character. As far as I know, the two systems serve the same purpose and are interchangeable in terms of syllables. ...
5
votes
2answers
166 views

In which Chinese topolect might 門 be transcribed as <mum>?

There's a Cantonese restaurant in Mountain View, CA called Fu Lam Mum -- the characters are clearly 富臨門. But 門 has always had a -n final, in any topolect I know of, and back to MC and OC according to ...
6
votes
7answers
1k views

Written Cantonese Pronunciation

I recently attended a Cantonese reading class in Hong Kong and discovered that pronunciation of the spoken form of written Cantonese can be very different from normal speech. The teacher was not able ...
5
votes
4answers
427 views

Chinese Words that Accurately Reflect English Phonemes

I'm a retired computer science professor who helps Chinese graduate students master English. The students have a good background for reading and writing scientific papers but struggle with their ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

节期: jiéqī vs. jiéqí

I have always ever known 节期 as jiéqī. ABC: festival season 汉语大词典 犹节日 CC-CEDICT festival season Recently though I've heard 节期 pronounced as jiéqí and it threw me off guard a bit. ...
4
votes
8answers
1k views

How to pronounce the “的” in “他妈的”?

How usually native chinese speaker pronounce the “的” orally in “他妈的”? Is it "Ta Ma De" or "Ta Ma Di"?
7
votes
1answer
196 views

How does tone sandhi apply in people's names?

Like the title says, the question is simple: what's the proper way to handle tone sandhi in names? Is there something like "pronounce the family name as-is, apply tone sandhi to given name"? Or is ...
3
votes
4answers
205 views

酵: jiào vs. xiào

I'm always hearing the pronunciations jiào and xiào being used interchangeably by native speakers for the character: 酵. What's the deal? Is there a standardized pronunciation for 酵? What's the ...
1
vote
4answers
182 views

When is 我 pronounced ě?

Grand Ricci 我 wǒ (or ě) When is 我 pronounced as ě? Haven't even able to find any examples.
2
votes
1answer
150 views

How do you pronounce “太监” in Mainland China?

Could someone explain how to pronounce 太监 in China and Taiwan? I've heard it be tai4 jian1 as well as seen it (in Pleco) as tai4 jian4! Thanks for any clarification!
3
votes
1answer
128 views

What is the Old Chinese Pronunciation for the Character 兮?

I recently bought the book ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese in an effort to get minimally smart about old phonology. But the #1 character I'm curious about, with regard to old poems, is 兮 - ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Medieval Chinese Pronunciation

It's here! The A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese dictionary is finally out! Language Log says: A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese All of the ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

How Should I Pronounce the Character 說 In This Lyric?

Reading the following lyric (詞) of Nara Singde (納蘭性德), set to the tune 念奴嬌, where rhyming characters are enclosed in parentheses according to this reference: 怕見人去樓空,柳枝無恙,猶掃窗間(月)。 無分暗香深處住,悔把蘭襟親(結)。 ...
5
votes
2answers
146 views

Character 瞓: where did the pronunciations come from?

The character 瞓 is a Cantonese character meaning "sleep". It is pronounced xùn in mandarin and fan3 in Cantonese. I was wondering how two so different pronunciations (I would expect xun to match syun ...
10
votes
6answers
569 views

Do acronyms borrowed from English use neutral tone (aka tone 0 or tone 5) for all syllables?

I was just reading a Q&A here about Chinese words for DVD and the discussion also included other acronyms from English. It struck me that nobody wrote the pinyin for any of the terms which made ...
-1
votes
4answers
145 views

How to pronounce “论”

I"ve been trying to figure out the tones for the character 论. It seems like it is fourth tone in 讨论. However, in something like 一概而论 I'm not entirely sure. Is this a taiwan/Mainland division? Or is it ...
6
votes
2answers
178 views

How Does One Pronounce/Define the *Chinese* Character 𦨻

For browsers unable to display that code point (U+26A3B) as anything other than a box, the question concerns this character: Per http://ctext.org/dictionary.pl?if=gb&char=%F0%A6%A8%BB - there ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

How long a lack of practice does it usually take to forget the intricacies off the learnt Chinese?

Particularly, intricacies of pronunciation. I am just starting to learn the language, and what bothers me is that after finally managing to learn proper pronunciations of the language sounds, I may ...
2
votes
3answers
353 views

What is the difference in pronunciation between saying “jin” and “jing”?

I speak Chinese natively (我讲中文,普通话) but my pronunciation is borrowed from Jiangsu parents, so I was wondering what is the difference between "jin" (今) and "jing" (京)? Is there any difference in ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

When making j, x, and q consonant sounds, where in the mouth does the sound get created?

This page clearly shows the difference in tongue position for forming these consonants. However, I find that what I'm doing is placing the tip of my tongue against my lower teeth as directed, but the ...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

Where can I find audio recordings of every word?

Where can I find audio recordings (i.e. individual MP3s or WAVs) for every Chinese word? I have found some recordings of Chinese, but these only contain individual phonemes, not entire words. I am ...
8
votes
7answers
2k views

What software can correct pronunciation?

What software is available which can record my voice and warn me about problems with my pronunciation and tones?
5
votes
1answer
203 views

Strange pronunciations in Hakka song

I have stumbled upon Zhang Shaolin's Hoi-nam kai-fan. I asked three translation questions about it: 1, 2 and 3. THere you find the lyrics and a link to a video, and my translation attempt. This ...
4
votes
2answers
277 views

When saying Japanese place names like “秋叶原”, do people always use the respective Chinese pronunciation?

When I hear people talk about Tokyo in Mandarin, they always pronounce it as "dōng jīng" because it's written as 东京. Similarly for Osaka and "dà bǎn" (大阪), and other such places. Are there any names ...
8
votes
10answers
6k views

Tips for pronouncing X vs SH in Mandarin?

I'd like to think my Mandarin pronunciation is generally pretty reasonable, but I often get tripped up with X and SH - for example words like 雪 and 水, or 虾 and 莎. Even with different tones, I find ...