Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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votes
2answers
72 views

What is the correct sentence structure in pinyin? [on hold]

I'm a little confused wrt to the basic sentence structure: Is "Nimen he shenme?" correct. Also can someone point out what is the basic structure for sentences and questions as in: Subject + Verb + ...
2
votes
4answers
135 views

Is this sentence using 以…为?

I read this sentence in the book 游子吟: 神的存在是一个不以人们的主观意志为转移的客观事实 I'm unclear about what "以" and "为" are doing here. I Googled to see if "以...为" is a common construct; this page says that you can ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Is this sentence using 是在?

I was reading this article when I came across this: 让任意的值是在一个上下文当中. 现在的情况你可以想象一个可以把值放进去的盒子 Because of the English version, I know that this is saying: Let an arbitrary value be in a context. ...
-1
votes
1answer
99 views

Structure of sentence with 喜欢+V

I would know what is the correct place of 喜欢 in my sentence, or if the both are valids what are the differences. 1/ 我喜欢坐飞机去 2/ 我坐飞机喜欢去
4
votes
1answer
168 views

How to tell when one word starts and another word ends?

I am doing some work with scanning Chinese text with my computer and I have run into a problem that I do not have with other languages. Because there are no spaces between characters, I cannot tell ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Negative sentiment for text

Could someone please explain why would the following text have negative sentiment? Is there any specific word or hidden semantics that makes it negative? Is completely subjective? Text: ...
2
votes
3answers
198 views

Is There A Way To Say “Fro” (as in afro/fro) In Traditional Chinese?

Are there any kanji that could be used to say afro and/or fro in traditional Chinese? If not, what about simplified Chinese? What are the characters?
2
votes
8answers
298 views

Why is 我找不到 correct and 我不能找 wrong? Which grammatical point am I missing?

I was recently corrected by a Chinese friend. He said it's incorrect to say: 我不能找 He said the right form is: 我找不到 Which sentence structure pattern is this following. Is it used with only ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Asking Someone How Their Chinese Studies Are Going

I have a friend who has started learning Mandarin, and I want to ask them how their Mandarin studies are going. The first phrase that comes to mind is this: 你中文学习得怎么样? I'm not sure, however, if 怎么样 ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

Fill in the Blanks/Grammar error

两个队的分数_都很_近. The spaces are where words/phrases are supposed to go. Are there such words that fit in these spaces? I've been going through google trying to find similar sentence structures but to no ...
2
votes
2answers
367 views

“Topic-comment” structure

Can someone help me with these? I don't quite understand the topic-comment structure, and I have been trying to look it up but I can't find any good explanation with examples. I have to change the ...
2
votes
4answers
122 views

What does this structure (有 … 才有 …) mean?

My book says the 有 … 才有 structure is the same as 只有 … 才, but it doesn't give me any examples. Are the following both equivalent and correct? 只有他才知道怎么解决这个问题 有他才有知道怎么解决这个问题 If not, how ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

What does this pattern (由 … 而) mean, exactly?

My book says that this structure is used to express the change of something, and it gives me this example: 他脸色由白而红 But I think I didn't understand this structure really well. When ...
1
vote
4answers
242 views

How to use 像…似的?

Can someone explain me the comparison structure 像 … 似的? Why in this sentence there is 得 after 红? 他脸红得苹果似的 Couldn't I have said this instead? 他的脸红像苹果似的 Is there a pattern/scheme that I ...
0
votes
3answers
103 views

What Different Patterns Are There To Make 不如 Sentences?

A 不如 B+object+verb+得+adjective example: 玛丽不如保罗法语说得流利 A 不如 B+Verb-object+verb+得+adjective example: 玛丽不如保罗说法语说得流利 Are these two patterns correct? Some say it's correct, some says it's ...
0
votes
5answers
134 views

What is “一” doing in “事情一开始进展得很顺利,但后来我们遇到了困难”?

事情一开始进展得很顺利,但后来我们遇到了困难 I understand the meaning of the sentence, but I don't understand what is "一" doing in there? Could it be dropped? Would it change the meaning? Is it a part of the "一开始" as ...
3
votes
6answers
113 views

上的 — How is it functioning in this sentence

In the following sentence, what does 上的 mean? 中国历史学上的夏、商、周属于考古学上的青铜时代。 I translated it as "Archaeologists know the Xia, Shang and Zhou collectively as the Bronze Age." I think I have the gist of ...
1
vote
3answers
142 views

How do you 'second best'?

To say something or someone is the best or most we use 最, but how about second, third, fourth best/most etc? For example: He's the second most expensive player in football history. He kept the third ...
5
votes
3answers
309 views

How to explain the structure of “将在外,军令有所不受。”

In my own opinion, this sentence should be "将在外,军令不受". I can hardly imagine any use of "有" and "所" here. Could someone explain the structure of this sentence?
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Forming sentences with resultative and directional complements

When studying Chinese, I've often found that there are different ways to say the same thing, for example using a verb with a directional complement rather than a verb with resultative complement or a ...
3
votes
2answers
345 views

What does the phrase “足矣” mean?

I saw this phrase recently in a post online. The whole sentence is 人生得一知己足矣. I think 人生得一知己 means "getting a BFF(?) in one's life". (The only meaning of the word 知己 that I know of is BFF, but please ...
1
vote
3answers
131 views

What is the meaning of 这是给谁的礼物?

Yet another sentence where I know all the words but can't work out the correct meaning! In one of my textbooks I have a series of phrases: 给我礼物 给谁的礼物 这是给谁的礼物? Would I be correct in translating ...
0
votes
3answers
80 views

How do I properly place each character in this sentence?

I am trying to figure out how to write "Which country do you eat dinner?" I know I need 你 (you), 哪 (which(which is my vocabulary word)), 个 (measure word), 国 (country), 吃 (eat), and 晚饭 (dinner). I just ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Translation of “想要买什么东西吗?”

According to tatoeba translation of "Is there anything you want to buy?" is "想要买什么东西吗?" Is there use of 什么 and 吗 in one sentence? If there is not how can I translate"Is there anything you want to ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

What is the order for 雖然 and 當…的時候 when used in the same sentence?

Example sentence: 雖然當我們在一起的時候有時候我不常常說話、而且我可能正顏厲色、我要讓妳知道我很開心。 Intended meaning: Although when we are together sometimes I don't talk very much, and also my face may be solemn, I want to let you know I ...
5
votes
5answers
459 views

which do I use , 喜欢不喜欢 or 喜不喜欢?

I know that 喜不喜欢 and 喜欢不喜欢 have the same meaning, but in a sentence, which would look more appealing or make more sense in the sentence? In other words, which one is grammatically correct?
1
vote
4answers
338 views

What’s the function of 還, 了, and 呢 in the sentence, “我還以為他不走了呢”?

After many attempts to understand how the sentence is grammatically structured, I think I'll just ask here. The sentence "我還以為他不走了呢" is from a children's book that was originally in English. I'm ...
0
votes
3answers
134 views

Why is there no 了 in 以前我住在这儿

I am used to hearing phrases like this: 我住在这儿 To say "I lived here [before]", however, it seems you can't use 了 at all: 以前我住在这儿 Why is this not "以前我住了在这儿"? Is there a formal reason why 了 ...
5
votes
5answers
344 views

What is 和 used for in this sentence?

I know how to use 和 to link one or more nouns or noun phrases, but in this sentence I don't understand what purpose does it serve at the beginning of the sentence? 和西方人过圣诞节差不多,这是一个全家团聚的节日。 (This ...
0
votes
1answer
233 views

Why is “這麼些” at the end of the sentence, “開會的人來了這麼些” ? Is it a quantity complement?

I got it from a textbook awhile reading about demonstrative pronouns. The textbook translate the sentence as "So many people have come to attend the meeting." Can someone explain why "這麼些" isn't at ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Can I use a verb+的 construction to imply an item/noun?

I'm often don't which noun to use, but I can think of a verb to describe it. I know that 吃的 (to eat + 的) means food, so I was wondering if I can use it with other verbs as well, like 洗澡的 (to bathe + ...
19
votes
1answer
643 views

What is the difference in use between 以及, 和 and 与?

I have a book with the following lesson titles: 中文以及中国 聚会和饮食 交通与环境 Why are these terms connected with 以及 / 和 / 与, why not always use 和 for example? Are there any rules for proper use of these ...
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votes
2answers
103 views

Help Editing Short Monologue [closed]

Is anyone willing to help me edit this monologue for grammatical errors? If so, I would really appreciate it. I have also included the pinyin in case it helps to understand what I meant. I have chosen ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the meaning of the sentence 字了一?

I ve found this sentence between two other sentences in an article about the scholar wang li: 中国语言学家、诗人。字了一。广西壮族自治区博白县人 I understand both sentences before and after 字了一, but i am clueless what this ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

What is the order of different prepositional phrases?

Chinese Syntax is: S V O there are different prepositional phrases, for instance: p.p. that express a place, time, objective, mean ... How do i know the proper order of the different prepositional ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

What are the rules for nested sentences?

A simple sentence in Chinese looks syntactially like this: S t p V O. S(ubject),V(erb),O(bject),t(imephrase),p(lacephrase). How do i put a further sentence in another sentence?
4
votes
4answers
315 views

How to use 仿佛 properly?

To give context, this is the sentence: 永远不能忘记的是北京,因为我在那里住的太久了,仿佛树生了根一样。 I am not sure how to render the last bit. I'm guessing it's saying: As if I am a tree, the roots are the same as my ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Learning past tense with Rosetta Stone [duplicate]

I'm learning Chinese using Rosetta Stone and i find 99.9% of the stuff that i encounter while learning to be quite logical. In fact this is the first thing in quite a while that doesn't seem to make ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Can “ 天空一片蔚藍 ” also be “一片蔚藍天空”? And translation please?

Can " 天空一片蔚藍 " also be "一片蔚藍天空"? And what's the reason? Could "天空是一片蔚藍" be correct too? Also can someone give a good translation? I just translate it as "An azure blue sky". I might be over ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

连。。。。都 structure

I've been studying Chinese for about 9 months now and I am a little confused as to how to rewrite this sentence using the 连。。。。都 structure. I've included what I've done but it just does not seem ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Sentence structure when talking about time

During my time learning Chinese, I've heard two distinct word orders when referencing the time at which something will occur. For example, I was taught to say 今天我想吃早饭 to talk about 今天, 明天, etc, but I ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

What's the grammatical structure of 这是你第一次来中国吗?

I am confused about the sentence 这是你第一次来中国吗? I think I know the correct translation: "Is this the first time you go to China?" However, I am confused about the grammatical structure of the sentence. ...
8
votes
2answers
222 views

Is 再过[时间] the most common way of expressing “in [amount of time], something will happen”?

I ask after encountering the following sentence in Tatoeba: 再过两、三个月,你就能说得一口流利的英语了。
1
vote
2answers
161 views

Why does the usual Verb-Object order seem to have been broken here (很高兴为您服务)?

The sentence 很高兴为您服务 (hen gaoxing wei nin fuwu) breaks down as: hen |gaoxing |wei |nin |fuwu very |glad |to |you |serve But the usual word order in chinese is Subject Verb Object, and here the ...
10
votes
2answers
285 views

Why is it possible to replace 都 with 也 in 什么都没有?

I know 也 only as "also", but I see it now and then used in ways difficult to understand, especially in some negative statements. Why is this so? Does 也 also have some meaning not mentioned in ...
6
votes
4answers
264 views

How to indicate plurality/singularity

I'm aware that basic Chinese grammar tends to lack distinction between the plural and singular forms of many nouns. For example, 我的朋友是中国人 could either mean "my friend is Chinese" (singular) or "my ...
5
votes
3answers
601 views

Sentence structure “I'm [doing something] because [reason]”?

I am familiar with the sentence structure "因为。。。所以。。。," but what is the correct way to say "I am [doing something] because [reason]"? For example, "I am asking this question because I am clueless." ...
0
votes
1answer
774 views

Sample Mandarin Grammar (Sentences)

First, thank you to everyone for taking the time to read this question. I am curious whether knowledgeable native speakers could assist me with the following grammar questions: I am aware of the ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Which one is correct?

这家餐馆菜都很好吃的 这家餐馆的菜都很好吃 What's the correct form to say "all the food of that restaurant it's delicious" ?
1
vote
2answers
112 views

How can I say this?

Is my sentence correct? "When you come to my house, you first have to take the train, get out of it at the 3° station, and then take the bus n°60. My house is in front of the supermarket." "你来我家的时候, ...