questions regarding regional variants of the Chinese language

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Etymologically Correct Character For The Sichuanese ‘niang’ Meaning “What”

邛崃方言 The character used here to represent ‘niang’ is 娘 but that obviously can't be the etymologically correct character for the above meanings (i.e.: what, how, etc.). Etymologically Correct ...
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1answer
63 views

Character: “Kei” For “To Go” (去) In Sichuanese

怎么在四川说话居然还会听不懂了 宜宾话和很多四川其他地方的话有代沟的,比如去字,宜宾读kei成都以南大多读ji以北读qi网上读qie 广安人表示也都kei 呵呵,就是,克耍。有些字眼他们真的不懂了 宜宾方言 出克:外出 克 seems to be the substitute character for kei but is there a ...
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2answers
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Resources For Learning Southwestern Mandarin (西南官话)

We already have: Resources for learning Mandarin Chinese Useful resources for learning Taiwanese? Resources for learning Cantonese Resources for learning Shanghainese Resources for learning ...
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1answer
55 views

啰 vs. 囉 in Old Texts

啰 seems to be the simplified version of 囉 these days, but....these are two examples from 《四川方言词典》circa '87 that I found: 要飞啰 我是乌梢蛇打店——长客囉! Most the entries I've seen in these 八零后 books ...
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86 views

Pronunciation Of 佛 in 四川话

The 1986 edition of《四川方言词典》has the following entry: 乐山的大佛——老石人 Lo2 san1 ni1 da4 fu3——nao3 si2 ren2 乐山大佛距今已有一千多年历史, 所以是“老石人”。谐“老实人”。 ▷你以为他是~嗦? 他才阴倒不老实。 佛 is given the ...
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1answer
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Is 𠱑 An Acceptable Form Of 逗 In Sichuanese?

The book 《蜀籁》writes the word 逗猫惹草 as 𠱑猫惹草 and also contains many other usages of 𠱑 where 逗 would normally be. 逗 in Sichuanese is read dou in the first tone (tone value: 55). 逗 in theory should be ...
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2answers
110 views

Sichuanese: When Is First Tone 55 Vs. 45?

55 and 45 are 调值 or tone values. The Sichuanese first tone is sometimes 55, like mandarin (high & flat), and sometimes a rising 45. Sichuanese: When Is First Tone 55 Vs. 45?
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1answer
63 views

Chinese Languages With Multi-syllabic Readings Of Single Characters

Are there any Chinese langauges (topolects/dialects) that have multi-syllablic readings for single Characters? Like, Japanese, for instance has a lot of multi-syllablic readings for single ...
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1answer
63 views

Does “些” Work As A Suffix (Ever) In Mandarin Similar To “们”?

些 xiē 【名】 [方言]:们〖-s〗——表示复数的词缀。如:婆娘些;娃儿些;老师些 Although marked as dialect (read: topolect), I'm curious to know if this usage is ever acceptable or found in MSM (Modern Standard ...
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123 views

Is this funny way of saying things some dialect?

本身明明长患上丑还说[...]那鸣一个惨呀! 长患 should be 长相 and 鸣 should be 叫, but they appear too many times that the possibility of them being typos is close to nil. [...]以是在贬低他人的时辰就出格不留人情,以是咱们见到这类人时可以绝不夷由地上往打。 ...
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2answers
165 views

In which Chinese topolect might 門 be transcribed as <mum>?

There's a Cantonese restaurant in Mountain View, CA called Fu Lam Mum -- the characters are clearly 富臨門. But 門 has always had a -n final, in any topolect I know of, and back to MC and OC according to ...
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285 views

Are the Cantonese word 係 and the Japanese word はい related?

The Cantonese word meaning "to be", written as 係 (Jyutping: hai6) sounds similar to the Japanese word はい ("hai" in various Romanizations). Both words are used to answer "yes" or "it is correct" to ...
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1answer
139 views

Mandarin Equivalent: 屙尿都屙不伸?

As the title says, what's the Mandarin equivalent of the phrase 屙尿都屙不伸? The phrase describes someone who can't do anything, and is pretty much useless. An English equivalent might be something like ...
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4answers
589 views

Mandarin: 去 + xxx + 去了?

Where we live I often here the construct 去 + 某某某 + 去了, for instance: 去打牌去了 去上厕所去了 去做饭去了 Can this kind of construct be used in Mandarin aswell?
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1answer
137 views

Tone Sandhi: Sichuanese 四川话

Been trying to find the rules of tone sandhi in Sichuanese - but not having a lot of luck. Wikipedia Talk:Sichuanese Mandarin Tone Sandhi Great improvements to the original article! Can we ...
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3answers
186 views

Dialects/Topolects: Tone Marks?

Mandarin, as everyone probably knows, has four tones: 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th tone. Each tone has its own tone mark that represents that tone: 1st tone = ˉ (macron) 2nd tone = ˊ (acute accent) 3rd ...
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1answer
169 views

Toneless Sinetic Dialects/Topolects

One of Mandarin's biggest characteristics is its tones. Other Sinitic dialects/topolects aren't any different: Cantonese, Hakka, etc. Question: Are there any toneless Sinitic dialects/topolects? ...
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592 views

Looking for very common dialect words which have no Standard Mandarin Chinese hanzi characters

I'm basing this question on several assumptions, so if they are wrong please say so as an answer: Written Chinese is mainly used for Standard (Mandarin) Chinese. Mostly other Chinese languages ...
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1answer
132 views

Mandarin equivalent of “㗎喇”?

Cantonese has the modal particle: 㗎喇 Canto-Mando Dictionary says: 1.表示有把握,认可 2.表示说理,警告 Is there a mandarin equivalent?
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What is the Mandarin equivalent of 對 XXX 嚟講?

In Cantonese, 對我嚟講 more or less means "speaking for myself", for instance, in: 對我嚟講,行政長官選舉唔重要。 Speaking for myself, the chief executive election isn't important. 我 can also be replaced with ...
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5answers
478 views

“哩勒公蝦毀” what does this mean?

What does “哩勒公蝦毀” mean? A Taiwanese guy said that to me after I had, accidently, mistyped two words in an idiom I used on him. He also used an expression of surprise (I presume) which went like “蛤?!” ...
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2answers
197 views

Written Cantonese Pronunciation 2

this is a follow up question regarding Cantonese Pronunciation. Previous question here. Does anyone know how people from Guangdong, who would speak Cantonese at home but be taught in Mandarin at ...
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3answers
269 views

ㄍ一ㄥ? What dialect? What character?

I know ㄍ一ㄥ[gīng] is used extensively in Taiwan and in Taiwanese media, but my question is what dialect/topolect does this come from and what exactly is the character for this word? I know a lot of ...
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1answer
293 views

Cantonese slang - What does 'Primary Chicken' and 'Secondary Chicken' mean?

A friend sent me a screenshot of her message history in Cantonese, and she was describing a couple and saying how they're like 'primary chicken' or 'secondary chicken', I think in a negative light. ...
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1answer
174 views

How to say, “Did you hold your cellphone close to your face?” in Cantonese?

As the question states, how do you say, "Did you hold your cellphone close to your face?" in Cantonese?
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4answers
595 views

Most common words in Cantonese?

There are many resources documenting the most common words for Mandarin, but none for Cantonese. Is there a list of the most common 500/1000/2000 words in Cantonese? Thanks!
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1answer
119 views

List of classifiers for Cantonese?

There are many resources listing classifiers for Mandarin, but do any pages exist that document classifiers for Cantonese?
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2answers
118 views

條 or 個 as classifier for road (路) in Cantonese?

I usually hear 路 used with 條 as the classifier, but sometimes people also use 個. in cantonese, which is the correct classifier? are both correct?
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3answers
146 views

跟到: 方言? Or what?

Is the word 跟到, as in 我们跟到就走, part of MSM? If not, what topolect is it from? Is there any documentation on it? (Dictionary entries, etc.) In case it's not clear the meaning of 跟到 is pretty much the ...
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3answers
238 views

What's “Mao Li” (Cantonese) in mandarin?

I've read an article which says that "Mao Li" in cantonese means "fool" in English. What is the mandarin equivalent of "Mao Li"? MandarinTools does not seem to return any useful results for ...
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2answers
168 views

Mandarin Equivalent of 啥子树子招啥虫?

Heard 啥子树子招啥虫 used in the same sense as "不是一家人,不进一家门" - I was wondering if there is a similar phrased expression in Mandarin for the first, mentioned, expression.
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2answers
146 views

Alternative name for moon cakes?

The standard name for moon cakes in Chinese is 月餅. In Thailand they are called ขนมเปีย or roughly ‘khanom pia’. The first element is a general word for baked goods, so the operative term is ‘pia’ ...
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3answers
346 views

Are Sinitic languages mutually comprehensible?

According to this map, there are different Chinese "languages" (Sinitic languages) in the Chinese area. Is my understanding correct that the "official" Chinese language is the Mandarin? In other ...
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2answers
149 views

Usage and origins of 打机

In Cantonese, 打机 is used colloquially to refer to playing video or computer games. Where does the expression/word come from, and is it also used in Mandarin? If not, what is a similar Mandarin ...
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2answers
296 views

Chinese [Topolectical] IPA Placeholder: Ẓ

I've asked this elsewhere before but without much luck so I'm just gonna paste what I wrote before: I ran across "Ẓ" use some what in some old texts used as a sort-of "IPA" then to make sure I ...
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1answer
215 views

How to say in Cantonese, “He is very sensitive to criticism” [duplicate]

What is the right way to say, "He is very sensitive to criticism" in Cantonese?
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5answers
237 views

How would you say “he does not take criticism well” in Cantonese and in Mandarin? [closed]

How would you say this in Cantonese and how would you say this in Mandarin?
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3answers
252 views

How do you say “to get back at someone”? Is it 找晦氣 or 找負氣?

According to CantoDict, 找晦氣 in Cantonese means, "to get back at someone or cause trouble over a past grievance". Link: http://www.cantonese.sheik.co.uk/dictionary/words/50994/ CantoDict is sometimes ...
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5answers
594 views

Why do people often say 最多 in Cantonese when they mean “at the very least”?

I often hear on TVB shows that people say 最多 in a context when they mean to say, "at the very least?" For instance, something like, "At the very least, I'll take you to dinner tomorrow for being ...
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3answers
271 views

In Cantonese, which is correct: 淨係 or 剩係?

Both phrases are listed in CantoDict (http://www.cantonese.sheik.co.uk/dictionary/words/3497/). It seems like 剩係 makes more sense, but which is actually correct?
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4answers
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How can I get a Cantonese keyboard on an iPhone?

Like Pinyin, but I need something that can recognize Cantonese instead of Mandarin. The only Chinese keyboards recognize Mandarin.
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3answers
387 views

When do you use 唄 instead of 吧 to end a sentence?

I hear a lot of people in mainland China use the former (never from Taiwanese Mandarin) when saying a phrase as a sort of command, but I'm still not sure about why someone would say it.
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Is 師奶 (see lai) strictly a Cantonese word? Is it a neutral word or does it have a negative connotation?

I had heard a husband refer to his wife in Cantonese as 師奶 (pronounced "see lai"). The way he said it sounded like an insult but I was told it's not a bad word. How would 師奶 be described in English? ...
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4answers
334 views

麻油Q米血 on a menu in Taipei

For lunch today in Taipei I found a small street food place near my hostel. On the menu was this item: 麻油Q米血 Here's a photo of the relevant part of the menu: 麻油 is sesame oil, 米 is rice, and ...
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1answer
159 views

Are there some greetings or phrases particular to the Hui people?

I'm in Yunnan and have noticed lots of Chinese muslims and ate at one of their restaurants today. I was aware of Turkic-speaking muslim ethnic minorities in the far west of China but now I know those ...
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1answer
244 views

Why is “小小” pronounced as “xué xiǎo”?

In the classic 相声《卖马》, near the beginning is a line that goes: 在下王老好的便是,就在这潞州天堂县开了一个*小小*的店房 but in that line, "小小" was pronounced as "xué xiǎo". Here's a clip: ...
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3answers
489 views

How is the 儿 ending pronounced outside Beijing?

When Beijingers use words like 一点儿, the ending syllable will be very pronounced as far as I understand, and I'm aware that this is a typical feature of the Beijing dialect. But how is it pronounced in ...
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2answers
697 views

How widely is Mandarin used in Nanjing?

I know there is a Nanjing dialect of Jianghuai Mandarin but I have not been able to learn much about current usage in the city of Nanjing. For example, do many people in Nanjing today ordinarily ...
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3answers
291 views

Are there any resources for learners of Chinese dialects that are close to Mandarin?

I've lived in Henan provice for around 8 years and have never seen any texts for learners of the Henanese dialect. There are considerable variations in dialect within Henan between people from ...
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2answers
959 views

Which Chinese dialect is it rewarding to learn? [closed]

A dialect or rather a language. Of course, Mandarin is the most popular one. But nonetheless, in Hong Kong, for instance, Cantonese is more popular, it's almost the one Chinese language there and ...