Questions about verbs, their characteristics and their specific use.

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0
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2answers
84 views

When to use of 买

I teacher mine told me that 买 could be use to buy/purchase but also to "to decide to buy", or "go shopping", other teacher told me the first one was wrong. Who is right?
0
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1answer
126 views

Are both 他游了三个小时泳 and 他游泳游了三个小时 fine?

I've learned about separable verbs, 离合词. I learned that separable verbs such as 游泳 must be divided into the verb (游) and the object (泳) when particles like 了, 过, 着, etc. are attached to the verb or ...
2
votes
4answers
221 views

Do I have to include 是 in 你的生日(是)什么时候?

I would like to know if the verb 是 (shi) is optional? 你的生日是什么时候? (Ni de shengri shi shen me shi hou?) 你的生日什么时候? (Ni de shengri shen me shi hou?) Which of those two sentence used more?
0
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1answer
86 views

Differences between 喜欢, 要, and 想? [duplicate]

Could someone explain to explain me the difference between the three verbs 喜欢 (xihuan), 要 (yao), and 想 (xiang)? 我喜欢喝一杯啤酒。 (wo xihuan he yi bei pi jiu) 我要喝一杯啤酒。 (wo yao he yi bei pi jiu) 我想喝一杯啤酒。 (wo ...
2
votes
2answers
188 views

What is the function of 是 in this sentence: 你是怎么学习英语的?

Am I right to assume that the question is about the other person's personal method of studying English? And would omitting the 是 make the question more general? (Is this an example for the topic-...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

To add: which should I use 新增, 添加or增添?

I mostly hear 增添 in most contexts, but lately have come across 新增 and 添加. What are the differences in tone and register?
2
votes
5answers
2k views

Various ways of saying OK?

I mean OK as in said in agreement with what someone has suggested. A: We should go to the park. B: OK. If someone used the verb 不 verb structure I would think you should use the same verb in ...
8
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7answers
2k views

Stative verbs in Chinese: only for adjectives?

I've recently discovered that in Chinese, adjectives can function as verbs. An answer on this site stated that "all adjectives in Chinese can function as verbs". This was obviously an interesting ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Translate “feature” as a verb to Chinese

How would one translate "feature" as verb to Chinese? e.g This album features all the new artist from NYC. or This frying pan features all new design allows the user to cook in their sleep ..
3
votes
1answer
97 views

verb. “to shoot” (weapon): difference between 射击,开枪, 击中, 射中

The verb shoot appears often in Chinese international news. But I am unclear about the different words for it. 射击 and 开枪 seem to be the firing of a gun and 击中,射中 hitting with a weapon, but could ...
1
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3answers
455 views

Is there a comprehensive list of separable verbs/离合动词 anywhere?

Problem: I need to find and compile a list of separable verbs/离合词. Searching the internet I have managed to collect a list of 65 verbs which of course is not enough. Separable verbs/离合词 are: 睡觉,决口,...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Verbs of two words

In 你想走的时候就走吧。 it seems 的就 is supposed to be taken as the verb. At my current knowledge level, I wouldn't know how to match those two together and recognize 时候 as modifying the verb. How can I learn ...
2
votes
3answers
142 views

When to use 住在 and when to use just 住?

I have encountered the following sentences: 以前人们住这样的房子 现在人们住这样的房子 Why do these sentences NOT use 住在? I have learned that 住 takes 在 in order to take the location noun after that. Or maybe ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

What is the difference between 穿 and 穿上?

I found the following sentence: 我正在穿上毛衣。 In this sentence, can you rephrase it as the following?: 我正在穿毛衣。 If you can rephrase it as such, is there any difference between 穿 and 穿上? I also ...
1
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2answers
65 views

What is the meaning of 背会?

I have encountered the following sentences in my textbook, which use 背会. 我还没背会这篇文章。 今天不背会这篇课文就不回家。 But what does 背会 mean? The textbook seems to say it means memorize, but of all the ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Are these two form of “I live in…” both correct?

While studying I came across a useful expression to say "I live in..." which is "...在...住" such as in this sentence: 我在意大利住。= I live in Italy. Wǒ zài Yìdàlì zhù. But then I saw a different one ...
13
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6answers
1k views

What's the difference between 学 and 学习?

I know both mean "to study" and I also know that while 学 (xué) is transitive, 学习 (xué xí) can be both intransitive and transitive, for example: 我学中文。 (I study «what?» Chinese) = transitive; 我在大学学习。 (...
1
vote
4answers
258 views

How to say lived vs. have been living somewhere?

I want to say 1) "I lived in Beijing for six months." As in, I was there last year for six months but I am not living there anymore. Furthermore, how can I distinguish it from 2) "I have ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

Why does the `请` take two duplicate words on its verb occasionally (e.g. `请洗洗你的袜子`)

I've read these sentences in my Rosetta Stone courses: 请洗洗你的袜子 请洗一下楼梯 However, why does the first sentence use two 洗 consecutively before taking the object? Also, how can I tell when to use one ...
4
votes
2answers
122 views

Subjunctives in Chinese

I'm trying to render a song in Chinese from Spanish, precisely this one – lyrics here –, but I'm not sure how to translate the subjunctives at the start. The beginning reads: May the infinite become ...
2
votes
1answer
331 views

Are there transitive/及物动词 or intransitive/不及物动词 verbs in Chinese?

Problem: Lately I started to get concerned if there are pure transitive or intransitive verbs in Chinese. At first look, there are many verbs that do not require an immediate object/宾语 like 睡觉 or 吃饭. ...
29
votes
7answers
1k views

Why is 有 (yǒu) the only verb that requires 没 while other verbs can use 不?

To negate something, we use 不 (bù) before the verb, such as in this short dialogue: A: 你是老师吗?= Are you a teacher? B: 不是。= I'm not. However, the verb 有 (yǒu) is the only one that requires 没 (...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

How is 住 used as a suffix in a verb phrase

What meaning does 住 have when used as part of a verb phrase? 她把花盆送到他面前。 哈利愣住了,大家都看着他。 It's clear from the meaning of 愣 that Harry didn't know what to do with the flower pot and was staring off ...
5
votes
2answers
946 views

Answering yes/no questions

I was a bit surprised at first when I discovered that Chinese doesn't have single words or expressions for "yes" or "no", and that instead we must use the verb from the question to either confirm or ...
2
votes
4answers
133 views

Can you combine sentence structures to denote an extremely short duration?

So I learned recently that you can do two things in Chinese repeat the verb (such as in 看看) append 一下 to the verb to denote a shorter duration (in this case, look for a moment). I was just ...
3
votes
4answers
314 views

Tonal difference between 浪费 and 糟蹋

Both 浪费 and 糟蹋 mean "to waste." (I'm not really concerned with the other uses of 糟蹋 right now.) I've seen the collocations 糟蹋粮食 and 糟蹋人才, and 浪费 is very common in phrases like 浪费时间 and 浪费水. Are ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Is there a significant difference in meaning between “欢迎你到中国来” and “欢迎你来到中国”?

I've asked quite a lot of native speakers about this and the general consensus seems to be that there is no significant difference in meaning between "欢迎你到中国来" and "欢迎你来到中国" (and similar sentences), ...
3
votes
3answers
353 views

Is it 說 /说 / shuō or 講 / 讲 / jiǎng for “to speak a language”?

I've realized that I still don't know the way to talk about "speaking a language", for instance the Chinese equivalents to sentences like these: Do you speak English? I can speak a little Chinese. ...
7
votes
5answers
369 views

When can 把 be used?

I know it switches the order of the verb and object and can be used to place emphasis on the object. 我把东西放在椅子上 And 把 should be used to indicate some kind of change is happening to the object. In ...
2
votes
1answer
379 views

Poetic two-character words of the form: Verb + Natural Noun?

I was looking for examples in Mandarin of poetic two-character words. What words have the following form... Verb + Noun ...where the noun is something that occurs in nature? The first examples ...
7
votes
1answer
131 views

How can I express 'having' in an intimate sense?

In English, given a conversation between P1 and P2, it's possible to say: P1: My wife died. Now I feel like I've got nothing. I'm so sad. P2: Don't say that. You've still got your son. You have ...
13
votes
5answers
372 views

Why isn't 到 (dào) used in this sentence?

Earlier while chatting, I wrote a sentence and a native speaker told me it was correct. The sentence was: 某天我去北京。= Someday I'll go to Beijing. (mǒu tiān wǒ qù Běi jīng) I noticed that no ...