It's the set of words used by a language, but also all of the words within a language known by a single person.

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31 views

How can you appropriately use “延长”?

So, over the past hours, I‘ve been trying to figure out the proper usage of 延长。 I know that it refers to extending a period of time, but I'm trying to think about ways to use it (exact collocation) ...
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2answers
62 views

How common is the phrase “同乡”?

I recently read the word “同乡” (i.e. person who lives in the same village as you). I'm trying to figure out if it is something that people say. Could I say 在飞机上我竟然认识一位同乡? If not, how is it used ...
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1answer
43 views

How do I ask for a refill for my acrylic nails?

I like having pretty acrylic nails: Roughly once a month, I need to get a refill. (Basically, they take the color off, and fill in the part of the nail where it's grown out, and paint them again.) ...
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3answers
168 views

How to say “wait” answer in simple conversation mandarin language?

Conversation example: A: Take that box to upstairs! B: Wait.. (while he is busy doing something else) How to say that wait in simple conversation mandarin? I feel 等一下 is too long. If you know ...
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2answers
57 views

How to say “similarly" as a transition?

I've tried to use the transition "similarly" multiple times in Chinese, but I've gotten mixed feedback on how I should say it. I've been told I should say "同样的“ and not 同样 like "John ...
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4answers
139 views

How to pronounce “论”

I"ve been trying to figure out the tones for the character 论. It seems like it is fourth tone in 讨论. However, in something like 一概而论 I'm not entirely sure. Is this a taiwan/Mainland division? Or is it ...
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1answer
137 views

What does "一概而论“ mean?

I’m getting mixed answers to what 一概而论 actually means. What would you translate this sentence as 但是, 我们不能将这位作者的观点一概而论。 Is this the only way it can be used?
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6answers
372 views

What is the function of 甲 in 桂林山水甲天下?

What i know: 甲 is used for enumeration of items or persons in a dialogue, it corresponds to western 1. , a) , I. , X. 桂林山水 = Landscape of Guilin 天下 = literary expression for whole china or ...
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3answers
340 views

Is “ 事出必有因 ” the most accurate translation for “ everything happens for a reason ”?

Is " 事出必有因 " the most accurate translation for " everything happens for a reason "? If not, what is it? Thanks!
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3answers
254 views

Do people say “文学家?”

Do people use "文学家” normally? It feels like it could be a correct word, but no one would say "literarist" on the other hand in english.
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6answers
273 views

What is the translation of “attached to X”?

For example: "He is too attached to his money and wealth". "He is very attached to his house" Note: the meaning of "attached to" is closer to the feeling of very hard to letting go of something. ...
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49 views

How do you say a “quote” as in a “quote from a author”

Does anyone know how to say "a quote" as in a quote from an author/book/piece of writing? Do people say 引号, 引文, 引用? Thanks so much!
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42 views

What is the official total sum of all Madarin pictograms?

I took a few books in a public library; I saw more than 600 different pictograms. I never found any other way to learn them than to learn them by heart. It is a very beautiful language; a form of a ...
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4answers
139 views

Difference between 惊讶 and 吃惊?

Is there a difference in the usage between 惊讶 and 吃惊? I know you can say “令人吃惊“ and “阵脚我吃了惊“. Is there any way to divide the two?
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1answer
34 views

Any Chinese-English economics and business related vocab list online?

Apologies to those who are irritated by resource request questions. What would you recommend to brush up and expand economics and business related vocabulary? Ideally I am looking for something that ...
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2answers
470 views

What is the difference between 专家 and 达人?

I saw 达人 on the title of the following Tawianese video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eru3weFzRnI (very amuzing!) and some other places, and got confused since I already knew 专家 . On the title it ...
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3answers
157 views

How is 青 and 苍 used in classical Chinese to denote colors?

Here is what the dictionary says about 青:  1. 深绿色或浅蓝色:~草。~苔。 Dark Blue or light green.  2. 靛蓝色:靛~。~紫。 Indigo blue.  3. 黑色:~布。~衣。 Black. Similar case is 苍:  1. 深青色,深绿色:~翠。~天。 Dark ...
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3answers
249 views

Is there a formal way to describe three word color adjectives?

Is there a way/word to describe three letter color adjectives in Chinese? For example, I know that 绿油油 is one that is used often - is there a way to describe these? Are they a certain type of ...
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5answers
401 views

Is Mandarin impossible for my goals?

Since years ago I have been studying some languages with the major goal of being able to read texts, complex or not, written under them. My native is Portuguese (from Brazil) and nowadays I have no ...
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2answers
56 views

How do you say Symbol in a literary sense?

Could someone clarify the different ways of how to say "Something symbolizes something else"? (In a literary sense). I know that we could say ”白色象征纯洁。“ But could we use 象征 as a noun? ex。 “作者用“白色” ...
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1answer
136 views

What is the meaning of 及 in the compound word 危及?

I know 及 as a conjungtion for words or phrases with the meaning "and". What meaning does 及 bear here that makes semantically sense?
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1answer
49 views

What is the origin of giving certain corners within houses own name?

Thanks to another question on this forum i learned that the south-western corner of a house has its own name: 奥. I was very surprised of this notion and could not make any sense why there might be ...
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3answers
163 views

What Chinese characters are rare in modern but common in classical Chinese?

I browsed randomly through texts written in classical Chinese, and I noticed there were a lot of Chinese characters that were frequent in classical Chinese but never or rarely being present in modern ...
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2answers
75 views

What is the word in majiang equivalent to suits in cards?

With playing cards with French faces, ♣♠♥♦ are collectively called suits in English, Farben ("colours") in German. With majiang tiles, what is the collective noun in Chinese for 饼、条、万, a property of ...
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1answer
411 views

What is the meaning of 當 and 自強 in 男兒當自強?

男兒當自強 is the title of the main theme in wong feihong, i was told its translation is "a man has to stand one's ground", i do not know how verbatim this translation is. 男兒 is man, 自強 is either "his ...
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1answer
92 views

What are some profanity words in classical Chinese?

It is easy to find profanity words for modern Chinese, but I could not find any profanity words for classical Chinese. Even such simple ones as "to fuck". Please help to promote this knowledge.
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1answer
141 views

What is the meaning behind 5000 万 袋住先 7689!@#?

On a poster referring to the umbrella protests in hong kong is a chinese politician depicted in the way of the picture "the scream" by edward munch, next to him is a humanoid banana with googles ...
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1answer
141 views

What is the average number of words necessary to read classical Chinese?

I heard classical Chinese had a limited amount of vocabularies compared to modern Chinese. How many words one has to learn in order to acquire average reading abilities, disregarding the grammar?
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1answer
102 views

The concept of presumptuousness

Is there any word or short phrase in Chinese that expresses the concept of 'presumptuous' as in 'arrogantly making assumptions about the beliefs or preferences of another person without regard to the ...
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3answers
76 views

Through which processes became words in classical Chinese that tautological?

There are a lot of different words for many concepts in classical Chinese, for instance for the personal pronouns. Due to which circumstances could this happen?
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4answers
108 views

Which non-sinitic languages contributed to the wordstock of common chinese words before 1800?

I am not interested in modern words like telephone, aeroplane, but words that were incorporated into the more frequent used part of the vocabulary from languages different than sinitic.
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117 views

Colloquial translation of “increase in price”

What is the common used colloquial translation of "increase in price"? I know some of them like: 涨价 提价 价格上涨 Which one do you often use? or if there is better alternative, please let me know.
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2answers
111 views

how do you say “Playlist”

I've been trying to find a good translation for a playlist that you create for yourself (like on itunes or Youtube), but I haven't been able to find one. Does anyone have any suggestions?
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1answer
66 views

Sentence Structure Edit Help

Is anyone willing to help me edit this monologue for grammatical errors? If so, I would really appreciate it. I have also included the pinyin and english in case it helps to understand what I meant. I ...
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2answers
107 views

Can 把握 mean “self control”?

I'm trying to figure out what ”把握“ actually means (it seems to have a number of meanings that don't align with any translation in english). One sentence, that I thought was interesting was "她的把握全失去了" ...
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3answers
128 views

How do you refer to continents in the abstract?

I've been trying to figure out how to refer to continents as a concept as opposed to specific continents themselves. For example, I know that the continent of Europe would be translated as 欧洲大陆, or ...
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1answer
58 views

How do you say something is “very alcoholic”?

I'm continuously confused on how to best say something is alcoholic. For example, I have heard 酒精很强, 很有酒精 , But I've also heard "酒量很高“ or ”酒量很大” Could someone clarify which of these is the most ...
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3answers
153 views

Do people use “昨晚”

Do people still use the term "昨晚“? Is it very 口语? Could it be used when writing a diary? Example sentence 昨晚十点我从我的家开始开到纽约。
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3answers
326 views

How to ask someone “Will you marry me”

So, not to look to far ahead. (Okay, not to look to far ahead at all). I'm interested in how to say" Will You marry me" I've read "你愿意嫁给我吗?“ “和我结婚,好吗” and “嫁给我好吗?“ Is there a clear "best" way to ...
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2answers
117 views

Does 妇人 mean wife or simply woman?

I've been trying to figure out a translation for "妇人“ from the story 《丈夫》 by 沈从文. He used 妇人to refer to women, but I'm not sure if it is ironic that it also means "married women" an accident, or if ...
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1answer
227 views

what does it mean when you use "作“ as a measure word for people?

What does it mean when you use "作" as a measure word for people ? for example, in 沈从文‘s 《丈夫》 I read the line 都使这作丈夫的想起了村长同乡绅那些大人物的威风 Is 作 different from 位?
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2answers
121 views

How do you say “A tight community”

Helo All! I"m trying to figure out a good translation for "a tight community". For example, I'm trying to say "A tight community is not a means of having a good student organization, but the end ...
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1answer
280 views

How to say “To lose” as in to “lose a team member”

I"m trying to figure out how to say to "lose" as in to lose a member of a team or (in my case) a member of a club. For example, how would you translate, "this year my school's student council lost a ...
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4answers
157 views

How to say “to light a candle"

I'm trying to figure out the most appropriate way to say "light a candle" would it be 点蜡烛 or would 点燃蜡烛 be more commonly heard? Thanks for the help!
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4answers
170 views

When can 尔 (er3) be used instead of 你 (ni3)?

I got a letter from a new penfriend in Hong Kong, written in 普通花. I think their first language is Cantonese. Mostly the letter uses simplified characters, with the occasional traditional one. It ...
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5answers
462 views

Is there a difference between 杀头 and 砍头?

I'm learning about 鲁迅 and the picture he saw of a man being decapitated. My teacher would switch between 杀头 and 砍头 - is their a large difference between the two? is one more formal? Is there a ...
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2answers
75 views

How to say “The crowd” as in a “Crowd in a concert”

I'm interested to see if there is a specific translation for "Crowd" as in "crowd at a concert". To say "We entered the crowd at the concert" would it be 那一群人? or 观众? or is there a better way to ...
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5answers
323 views

What is the difference between “面对” and “应对”?

I would love a quick overview of the difference btween 面对 and 应对! In particular, I would love to know what you say if you want to use 以...的太对来应对/面对 这个问题? Is 应对 or 面对 used in this instance?
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3answers
328 views

How do you say “Cafeteria Workers”?

I've been trying to figure what is the best way to describe school cafeteria workers without sounded too formal or too rude (just a normal way of saying cafeteria worker) Would you say “食堂员工” “工人”? ...
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3answers
481 views

Does the Chinese language distinguish “doubt” and “suspicion”?

Doubt expresses a lack of belief due to insufficient evidence. Suspicion expresses a feeling of belief in the absence of evidence. If I'm not mistaken, the Chinese language does not distinguish the ...