It's the set of words used by a language, but also all of the words within a language known by a single person.

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16
votes
3answers
451 views

但是, 可是 and 不过 - how to know which one to use?

According to my dictionary, 但是, 可是 and 不过 all mean "but/however"? However are there any differences between them? Are there some cases, where one can be used but not another?
4
votes
2answers
702 views

What are some common Chinese terms used when playing soccer

I regularly play soccer with a group of Chinese guys and wanted to share terms that I've learnt over the years. I would appreciate if anyone can fill in any gaps (or correct me if I'm wrong).
6
votes
2answers
226 views

What's the difference between 房子 and 屋?

It seems like "house" is usually translated as 房子 (fáng zi) in standard Chinese, although 屋 (wū) is also a common translation, especially in Cantonese. Is there a difference between the two? When ...
4
votes
3answers
401 views

How to say I want to leave colloquially?

How to say I want to leave or I want to go home colloquially in the case of we are visiting someone's place? Let's say I'm visiting my auntie, then when it's the time for me to leave, what should I ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Does there exists an English word for 汉化 ?

汉化 means becoming more assimilated to Han culture. (like Anglicise means being more assimilated to English culture) Historically, this has happened many times, e.g. during Khitan Empire, Jurchen ...
8
votes
8answers
777 views

Never mind in Chinese

I ask someone a question, but then realize I already know the answer. In English, I'd say: "Oh wait, never mind." What's 口语 for "never mind" in this context?
9
votes
4answers
871 views

How is adding oil going to beneficial to the situation? 加油

Is anyone able to explain the history behind this cheer? At the face of it I'm unsure how this could be a cheer as 加 translate to add/plus/apply and 油 translates to oil/fat/grease you would think ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

How to wish people good health, etc during Chinese New Year 揮春 | 春貼 | 門聯、春仔

Every Chinese New Years I try to remember common expressions associated with huī chūn (揮春). 賀年的吉利字詞 (Hè nián de jí lì zì cí) Some expressions that I have heard are usually only four characters. I ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Test taking : ji选?

During test taking I've heard people talking about ji选. Which apparently is pretty much just "guessing" at the answer or as one person told me - just picking which ever answer 'looks' good. So what ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

How and when to consider 面子 when speaking Chinese?

Avoid Losing Face ( 沒面子 ) As a student of Chinese I would like always maintain a respectful tone. It can be very easy when speaking a second language to make mistakes that offend others. I would like ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

How to say those mouth-watering Chinese dishes names in Chinese? [closed]

Chinese food is delicious. For example, beef noodles (牛肉面) is one of my favorites. Fried noodle (炒面) and fried rice with shrimp(虾仁炒饭)are also yummy. Q: How to say other mouth-watering Chinese dishes ...
1
vote
2answers
170 views

What does 软文 and 小号 mean in internet slang?

Just like the title said, what does 软文 and 小号 mean in intenet slang?
7
votes
8answers
487 views

Neutral Terms for “White People”

This is always a difficult topic because racial and ethnic identities are so complex, sensitive, and dynamic: what are the best (as in the most precise and neutral) terms for "White" people? I've ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Keeping track of words learned [closed]

I'm looking for a good online site to keep track of chinese words I've learned. I've looked at memrise.com, but found it lacking in features since its not linked to a dictionary and I have to manually ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Distinct terms for 'authentication' and 'validation'? Both seem to be 验证

Could someone point me to distinct, accurate terms for 'authentication' and 'validation' in Chinese? This is in a web development context, and I can only find 验证 as the best word for both of them. ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

What is the difference between 形成, 构成, 组成, 养成?

According to the dictionary, 成 has meanings of to become or to form, what is the subtle difference between 形成, 构成, 组成 and 养成? Thanks!
14
votes
5answers
938 views

Character and word frequencies

I'm trying to build some automated tools for processing Chinese text. I'd like to know the relative frequencies of different characters and character combinations. Are there any web sites with this ...
2
votes
4answers
170 views

Is 帮忙 and 帮助 interchangeable?

I looked up in the dictionary, 帮 means help, and 忙 means busy while 助 also means help, so is 帮忙 (help busy) and 帮助(help help) interchangeable? Or what is the subtle difference between them? Thanks!
1
vote
2answers
141 views

Is there a word in Chinese to mean “mostly”? Is “大多” appropriate?

As title, is there a word in Mandarin Chinese to mean "mostly" ? For example, I am going to tell my friend who wrote a letter to me that "I mostly got what you man", is it appropriate to say "大多" that ...
3
votes
4answers
162 views

What's the general word for cheese?

What's the general word for "cheese"? I've tryed to look it up in the dictionary but there are so many options!! What's the most general, the word that native speaker would use to say "I want a piece ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

餐馆, 饭馆, 酒家, 饭店 - restaurant in Chinese? [duplicate]

What's the difference between 餐馆 饭馆 酒家 饭店 and all the other different words that exist to say restaurant??? What's the most common and used and what is the one that could fit in quite every situation? ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Learn Chinese Step 3: Vocabulary Building. Is it the same way to memorize Chinese vocabulary as it is to memorize English vocabulary? [closed]

Many Mandarin Chinese teachers claim that the step 3 for Learning Chinese is: Vocabulary Building. Is it the same way(s) to memorize Chinese vocabulary as it is to memorize English vocabulary? Or ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Heisig's Learning the Hanzi books

Has anyone used the Heisig Remembering the Simplified/Traditional Hanzi? I've read that the traditional version is better. Any recommendations on whether it's better to use traditional book and then ...
1
vote
5answers
144 views

What is the difference between 听到、听过 and 听说?

There are 3 听 (hear or listen to), what is the difference between 听到、听过 and 听说?Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
130 views

What is the difference between 突然 and 忽然?

They both have sudden meaning, but what is subtle difference between 突然 and 忽然?Thanks!
8
votes
2answers
127 views

What is the difference between 有名,著名 and 闻名?

We know 名 means name or famous, what is the subtle difference between 有名,著名 and 闻名? Thanks!
4
votes
1answer
179 views

What is the difference between 变成、变化、变得、改变、转变?

There are five 变 here, so what is the difference between 变成、变化、变得、改变、转变? Thanks!
3
votes
5answers
530 views

Chinese computer vocabulary, and most frequently encountered common computer terms

What are the most frequent words I'm likely to encounter when using a computer in Chinese. Stuff like file menu, cut, copy, paste, edit, properties, ok, cancel, back, refresh, save, print etc... ...
2
votes
7answers
168 views

How to say that the teacher has marked my homework?

How to translate this? Today I reviewed the homework my teacher had marked. Best I can do is 今天我复习了我老师会给我的作业 That's without saying the homework was assessed (and corrected). Can't seem to find ...
2
votes
2answers
266 views

Is “佳能” the standard translation for “canon” in a religious sense?

Apparently "巴利佳能" is the translation of "Pali Canon." When referring to the foundational documents of other theological or philosophical schools, will I be understood if I use the term "佳能"?
1
vote
3answers
210 views

What is the difference between 勺子 and 调羹?

Which word should I use for "spoon", as a noun or as a measure.
3
votes
3answers
187 views

How do I word a polite notice about toilets in Mandarin?

My friend has asked me how to translate a sign asking people using a bathroom (toilet) at the tourist attraction where she works. She wants to ask that they do not to throw toilet paper in the ...
0
votes
3answers
121 views

How to say 'moved to [place]' or 'enrolled at [place] [closed]

I want to either say last year I moved to Leeds or last year I started studying at Leeds University.
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Meaning of 爱惜花草树木

I'm trying to get the meaning of the following expression: 爱惜花草树木. A Chinese friend told me that it's something like "It's so corny", but I'm having a hard time finding an explanation online. I've ...
5
votes
5answers
238 views

Differences between the two words for each season, such as 冬季 (dōngjì) and 冬天 (dōngtiān)

There seem to be two words for each season. Each pair has the first character in common but for the second character one will have 季 (jì) and the other will have 冬天 (tiān). For example "winter" is: ...
3
votes
5answers
155 views

Meaning of 他急红了眼?

I've heard that expression while I was in Beijing, and I can't find the translation when I scroll the Internet. Do you know what it means?
2
votes
3answers
162 views

Books or websites listing *polysyllabic* Mandarin terms with same pronunciation differing only by tones

I'm interested in finding any webpages or books that list words and phrases of more than one character that share the same pronunciation but not the same tones. For instance, here are some terms I've ...
8
votes
6answers
333 views

Should the term 廁所 (bathroom) be used for both a home and public toilet?

I found this word, 廁所 (Cèsuǒ). Does it mean a toilet outside house like a toilet in the mall? However, for a bathroom in a house which has only a toilet and a shower and there is no bathtub. How can ...
6
votes
7answers
513 views

Correct/Polite way of asking “Can we speak in chinese?”

I would like to preface this by saying I'm Australian and speak with an Australian accent when I'm speaking English which can be hard to digest for a lot of people new to Australia. A lot of 1st gen ...
3
votes
2answers
634 views

How do I call for a male waiter?

For female waiters, my dad taught me to use the phrase "小姐 ". But for male waiters, my dad doesn't know how to properly call them. I discussed the possibility of using "da ge", "小ge", "da di", "小 ...
3
votes
2answers
269 views

How to address fellow students junior to oneself (学妹,学弟)?

I have sometimes wondered what would be the appropriate way of addressing (fellow) students that are junior to oneself. Given name? Full name? Name + 妹/第? Are there even cases where one can use 哥/兄 ...
11
votes
5answers
653 views

Difference between 特色, 特點, 特性, 特質, and 特徵

Looking up these five words in dictionaries gives results that are almost identical. In Chinese-English dictionaries, I find explanations identical or very close to: a characteristic; a ...
9
votes
3answers
351 views

What is the equivalent of the English word 'Fail' in Mandarin?

Fail is a pretty popular term on the internet these days, and one I'm quite fond of. Looking in my Chinese dictionary I can't find a great equivalent - is there a good way to say this? What would be ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Which term and which counter to use when ordering simple meals?

When ordering food at a cheap simple eatery in China, which words with which counters should I use that would be something vaguely like English "serve", "serving", "helping", "plate", "bowl". For ...
5
votes
2answers
267 views

What does 餅乾 mean in Taiwan?

I'm unfamiliar with the variety of Mandarin spoken in Taiwan, so I was surprised to see a chilli-snack 香脆椒 referred to as 餅乾: http://mall.tw100years.com/goods.php?id=9 ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

How to translate “build server” [closed]

and also: "to build", "a build", a "code drop", etc .. I'm working with a software development team and i'm struggling with specific software related vocabulary.
2
votes
4answers
122 views

What's the difference between 保育院 and 孤儿院?

Per title. Both describe an institution for children who have no parents. I've looked around on the Internet and asked several people about this, but no one seems to have a definitive answer? Does it ...
7
votes
3answers
198 views

For video games terminology, what is the proper translation for “range”

I'm playing around with my mother tongue so I tried to translate sentences that I might write into Chinese. One of them was this sentence, in English. "The great strength of Annie comes from the long ...
2
votes
2answers
168 views

Proper translations on manager titles on business cards

So far I have President • 总统 FOUNDER • 创办人 CEO • 主席 CMO • 营销总监 Are these the correct characters to use on a business card for each title listed above?
3
votes
4answers
211 views

What does 卡了壳 mean?

Here's the context. I am guessing it means stumble. 其他选手则要么在微妙的措辞上卡了壳 Other contestants stumble on delicate phrasing But according to this it means quiet/silenced? Q: 步枪卡了壳是什么意思? A: 步枪卡了壳 - 不响 咯咯 ...