2
votes
4answers
71 views

Modern loanwords in Chinese

I've noticed that in modern Chinese there's a lot of loanwords that are translated in multiple ways: 激光 vs 雷射 互联网 vs 因特网 Generally one version will sound similar to the English ...
6
votes
2answers
267 views

Etymology of 至关(重要)

至关重要 strikes me as a four-character idiom instead of a Chengyu, and it didn't even make an entry on 现代汉语词典 or ZDic.net. However, that couldn't explain the fact that the specific character combination ...
3
votes
4answers
142 views

最后吃的菜 or 吃最后的菜?

I had a friend who said there is a slight difference in the two phrases. But I don't see any difference between the two expressions. Could anyone explain it? Thanks, Rachel
2
votes
3answers
94 views

Chinese words for “everything can be viewed from a positive side”

What Chinese idioms or sayings (哪条成语或者俗语) can be used to express the following? Everything can be appreciated, when its own context is taken in consideration.
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Does Cantonese have a falling tone?

In all Cantonese romanization systems I could find, tone 4 is labelled the falling tone. However according to http://www.freehongkong.net/cantonese-pronunciation-cantonese-tones/ Cantonese does not ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

What's the difference between 同样 and 一样

I'm so confused about this two phrases, I think they can be used interchangeably in most circumstances, but here's the examples: 他们两个长得一样。 Why can't we say 他们两个长得同样? 妈妈点了一杯咖啡,我也一样。 Why can't we ...
3
votes
2answers
353 views

How is pronunciation discussed in Chinese?

Here's an English example: Learner: Wait, how is c-o-w pronounced? Native: COW, like a K sound followed by ow. But in Chinese there are no phonetic letters. So how are children taught how to ...
-1
votes
2answers
65 views

How do you say “Do you speak Chinese?” in Mandarin and Cantonese?

I realize that it's fairly easy to Google it but I'd never know how to say it. Are there any audio recordings out there? Thanks!
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Can 持续 have these 2 meanings?

I found these 2 example sentences, with English translations, for 持续。They are very different in meaning. Are both ok? 高温天气持续了几天。 The hot weather went on for some days. 持续 = continued 这足以持续到周末。It is ...
2
votes
2answers
24 views

Mandarin Neutral Tone: Tone Value?

One of my dialectical dictionaries takes tone value 21 and compares it to Mandarin's neutral tone. The same tone, coincidentally enough, had been described in the same way to me by a local native ...
-1
votes
0answers
63 views

Translate please please please please please [on hold]

I need English translation of the Chinese notes in the attached file. please help me :) and let me know as soon as possible. Zohreh
1
vote
2answers
95 views

meaning of 等 in this sentence

From the economic observer: 前两个背离可以理解为经济结构调整过程中,产业结构优化等优势逐步显现 As far as I know, 等 means either wait or it is either used to end a list of objects. This sentence is also quite technical itself, ...
1
vote
6answers
193 views

many ways to say Today

I've seen "today" translated in several ways: "今日", "今天", "本日". Are they all official words? What's the difference among them? Are those words more or less interchangeable in common Language? Are ...
2
votes
3answers
139 views

How do you say “rock a baby to sleep” in Chinese?

当一个小儿子在哭泣而妈妈为了让他睡觉就拿他上来而用胳膊轻轻的动他,这用汉语叫什么? When a young child is crying and the mother in order to make him sleep takes him up and gently move him with her arms, what do you call that in Chinese? PS ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

GoldenDict Chinese-Chinese Dictionary?

I have an intermediate grasp of mandarin and would like a Chinese-Chinese dictionary. One where I input Chinese characters and it returns me a Chinese definition. I am using GoldenDict and have tried ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

总监,总统,总裁 and other similar words

What's the difference between: 总 总监 总统 总裁 董事长 主任 领导 老板 They can all be translated as president, chairman or boss. I only know that 总统 is the president of a country, while 老板 is used in small firms ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Resources For Learning Southwestern Mandarin (西南官话)

We already have: Resources for learning Mandarin Chinese Useful resources for learning Taiwanese? Resources for learning Cantonese Resources for learning Shanghainese Resources for learning ...
3
votes
3answers
70 views

What is the difference between 好多 vs. 很多?

I'm an ABC and I find myself often using 好多. I was talking to my dad yesterday and I noticed that I said it, but something just didn't seem right. Is this correct or does it not make any sense? I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Is it correct to say '较出色‘

Is '做得较出色‘ good Chinese? Seems to me, something is outstanding, remarkable, or it is not, in which case it is commonplace. I suppose this begs the question 'Where does remarkable begin?'
11
votes
2answers
804 views

How are blanks indicated for placeholders in Chinese (like ???)

In English, in the middle of a sentence if data is being left blank (such as an unknown date, or a name to be filled in at a later time), commonly you see ???, ___ (underscore(s)), or -- to mark this. ...
11
votes
6answers
296 views

Why is 两 used for quantities of two rather than 二?

I understand that 两 is used instead of 二 when dealing with quantities of two. However, my question is - why? What are the historical reasons behind this? I looked at Wikitionary but it only had ...
1
vote
3answers
59 views

How would I translate the two morphemes 基腐 together?

I am trying to translate this in the context of 基腐头条, I understand the meaning - the 基 is referring to gay (men) and 腐 is a shortened version of 腐女, 'rotten girls' or 'females interested in gay ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Etymologically Correct Character For The Sichuanese ‘niang’ Meaning “What”

邛崃方言 The character used here to represent ‘niang’ is 娘 but that obviously can't be the etymologically correct character for the above meanings (i.e.: what, how, etc.). Etymologically Correct ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

What is written on this tea bag? [on hold]

This is an absolutely astonishing tea that a friend's friend brought from China. I guess, it is an oolong. It has the strongest natural honey flavor I ever witnessed in this kind of tea. I am ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Character: “Kei” For “To Go” (去) In Sichuanese

怎么在四川说话居然还会听不懂了 宜宾话和很多四川其他地方的话有代沟的,比如去字,宜宾读kei成都以南大多读ji以北读qi网上读qie 广安人表示也都kei 呵呵,就是,克耍。有些字眼他们真的不懂了 宜宾方言 出克:外出 克 seems to be the substitute character for kei but is there a ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

What contributes to negative emotion / sentiment in this example? [on hold]

I have got the following text labelled as negative. Could you please point to what would (lexically, syntactically) contribute to negative emotion here? Is it sarcastic in any way? #LE ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

How should I translate 属地化?

In my text I have 2 sentences with 属地化。‘属地化管理’ is a phrase which can be easily found in 百度。 Does it have more connotations than 'regional management'? '属地‘ seems to mean 'dependency', as in a region ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

Translate 'operational' and 'strategic' in Chinese

How to translate 'operational' and 'strategic' in Chinese? The best match I've found is '操作' and '战略', but would they be correct in a phrase like: Operational and strategic business decisions ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Say hallo to many people: 你好 or 你们好? [duplicate]

If a meet you (singular), I say "你好". If I meet you (plural), shall I say "你们好", instead?
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Pronunciation of 内容

The standard pronunciation of this is nèiróng. However, I often hear (and sometimes myself pronounce, especially when speaking quickly) it as nèiyǒng (perhaps closer to a neutral tone on yong). Is ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Clash of brothers?

Google Translate outputs for: 兄弟鬩牆,二 the following: Clash between the brothers. I know it is naive to try machine translation for guessing the meaning, but can somebody help me get Chinese ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

How to type chinese using an english keyboard

I'm trying to learn Chinese language using ChineseSkill for android. There are some sections / steps within the lesson that asks me to translate the English sentence to Chinese but I don't have a ...
9
votes
2answers
181 views

What is the origin of the word 雪茄 (cigar)?

I assume 雪茄 (cigar) is a loanword. Who can tell me what language this word was loaned from and, if appropriate, how it was transcribed? My own guess is that the word was transcribed from English and ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Proper way to use sentence-final particles (like 啦 or 喽) in spoken Chinese

I know it's very common for Chinese speakers to add special particles to the end of their sentences to enhance the tone a little bit, such as adding 啊 to show excitement or 啦 to sound cute. Just to ...
3
votes
2answers
356 views

Address people using 生 (e.g. 唐生)

Sometimes I hear people from Southern China address other people using 生, e.g. 唐生 for 张国荣's lover 唐鹤德. I looked it up in the dictionaries and searched online but didn't found any explanation on the ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Comparing forms of humble self reference

Because of one of the languages I grew up with, I have a strong desire to avoid using 我, especially when something follows that could constitute praise. I am always conscious that my language skill ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

simple translation of simple text and question about 个 and 自己

please translate the text below 他有见兔正给山羊来送白菜 我自己种的。只有自己种,才有吃不完的菜。 青菜萝卜吃个饱 i have a little confusion in these sentences and about 自己 exact translation in second sentence and the 个 in sentence 3
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Fonts for Unicode CJK extensions C, D, E

Does anyone know of a font that supports the unicode CJK extensions c, d, e? If you have such a font, do you know if it works with the MySQL utf8mb4 character set?
1
vote
3answers
156 views

What is the meaning of the last part of this sentence?

I can't quite get the last part of this 专家:这个问题不能一刀切。对于东部的企业,因为起步较早,有一定产业规模和资金积累,所以调整产业结构,提高技术含量,不断向产业链的高端提升是发展趋势的要求。 Can I rewrite the last bit thus: 不断向产业链的高端提升是发展趋势的要求。= 发展趋势的要求是不断向产业链的高端的提升。 ...
12
votes
5answers
824 views

Addressing women as “小姐” in Northern China

I heard that it is not appropriate to call women or girls "小姐" in northern China. That it is considered rough and has a meaning close to "hooker". So I never address girls or women as "小姐" in the ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

How is 古代汉语 defined?

According to Hanyu Wailaici Cidian (Dictionary of Chinese Loanwords), bóshì (博士) with the modern sense "doctor" is derived from the Japanese hakushi, which in turn is of "Ancient Chinese" (古代汉语) ...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

Hong Kong Cantonese variations

I am interested to learn whether the changes in Hong Kong pronunciation of Cantonese came about, was it because the English in Hong Kong had difficulty understanding the Cantonese? For instance, I ...
3
votes
4answers
110 views

What is the meaning of 么?

If you want to say "This dog," you'd say, "这只狗". If you want to say "This thing," you'd say, "这个东西". If you want to say, "This much," you'd say, "这么多". I understand the reasons for the 只 and the 个, ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

What does it mean to 占便宜?

What exactly does it mean to 占人家便宜? Are there other ways of using 占便宜? My general understanding is that it means to get the better or others, but I'm never sure when or how to use it properly.
3
votes
5answers
162 views

what is the difference between 现场 and 地点?

Do both of them mean "location" or "site", or is there something that sets them apart? Thank you in advance!
5
votes
1answer
65 views

Definite and indefinite noun after 找

What's the proper translation for "I'm looking for a phone charger" (any charger, I just need to charge my phone) "I'm looking for the phone charger" (the specific charger, I seem to have misplaced ...
2
votes
3answers
99 views

个 ge usage plus 每 mei

Anybody can explain me the reason why: -we don't say 每个年 but 每年? and, on the contrary, we must say 每个月 and not 每月? -Is there somethig to do with the fact that sometimes we must use 全 (全身)instead of 整个 ...
7
votes
2answers
158 views

“I will,” “I can,” “I will (probably)” A fundamental problem with 會

I've always been a little wary of talking about the future in Chinese using the character 會, my early teachers made it ambiguous or demanded that I use a 的 at the end of every 會 sentence, but then ...
6
votes
7answers
1k views

How to distinguish between rat and mouse in Chinese?

I know there are two words here: 老鼠 and 鼠. However, the dictionary states that 老鼠 (rat) can also mean mouse; how do you specify rat? I imagine that 仓鼠 (hamster) and 沙鼠 (gerbil) are often abbreviated ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

In what context would I use 见怪不怪?

怎么用见怪不怪? 请给我一个例子。谢谢! Could I use this idiom do describe another culture that once seemed foreign? Also, does the idiom have good or bad connotations?

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