-1
votes
0answers
9 views

Is knowing how Chinese Characters are formed common knowledge?

Are Chinese taught in school how Chinese characters are formed (mainly phono-semantic compounds) or do they just bruteforce remember them? At least I know Japanese people don't learn phonetic parts of ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

When is 我 pronounced ě?

Grand Ricci 我 wǒ (or ě) When is 我 pronounced as ě? Haven't even able to find any examples.
1
vote
2answers
20 views

Difference between 人和 and 仁和

In Lao She's novel Rickshaw Boy, the protagonist works at place called "人和厂“. To be very literal that is people's unity shop, in contrast to the protagonist's individualism. But two thirds of the ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views
+100

Specially formatted Xiehouyu: What are they? What others are there?

I was going through the 四川方言词典 the other day and came across this: ...and my transcription... 冲起屁——[股] cong1 qi3 pi4——[gu3] 这是歇后语的一种特殊格式。这种歇后语的“引”和“注”合起来是一个完整的四字格词组, 运用时, 只说“引”, ...
1
vote
2answers
23 views

Difference between 剧本 and 脚本?

Is there a clear difference between 剧本 and 脚本? I know that 剧本 can also be the more formal “screenplay”。 But beyond that I'm not sure if there is a difference
1
vote
3answers
37 views

殊: Why 歺(歹)+朱? How did it get to mean special (in a good way)?

How did 殊, as in: 特殊、殊技、殊荣、殊勋、殊遇、殊遇 come to have it's meaning of special? 歺(歹)+朱 paint out a rather, more, grim meaning if anything... 說文解字: 死也。从歺朱聲。漢令曰:“蠻夷長有罪,當殊之。”市朱切 How did 殊 get to mean ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

吃午饭了, should 了 be right after 吃?

I saw this sentence from a text book: 你吃午饭了没有? Have you had lunch yet? Does the 了 have to be right after the verb 吃 though? 你吃了午饭没有? Have you had lunch yet? I learned that 了 with verb ...
0
votes
3answers
58 views

Why is there no 了 in 以前我住在这儿

I am used to hearing phrases like this: 我住在这儿 To say "I lived here [before]", however, it seems you can't use 了 at all: 以前我住在这儿 Why is this not "以前我住了在这儿"? Is there a formal reason why 了 ...
3
votes
3answers
79 views

一眼之念 一念执着 meaning

I want to translate lyrics for 步步惊心 intro song. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vj8kElvozBY) 一眼之念 一念执着 - My Chinese friend told me that meaning is "I fall in love with you from first look" 一眼之念 - ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

What abstract things can you 吸收?

So, I recently learned 吸收 can be used abstractly. Looking around example sentences we have 吸收知识 吸收A的思想 吸收B的信念 吸收A的经验 Two questions: 1. How common are these collocations? How colloquial? 2. ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

How can you appropriately use “延长”?

So, over the past hours, I‘ve been trying to figure out the proper usage of 延长。 I know that it refers to extending a period of time, but I'm trying to think about ways to use it (exact collocation) ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

How to properly say “World's fair”

I've read that there are a couple of different ways to say "World's fair" including "世界博览会" "世博会“ or “万博”。 Would anyone like to comment on common these terms actual are? Is saying 世纪博览会 in ...
2
votes
3answers
76 views

What is important to consider while building an adverbial phrase?

As far as I know, in Chinese, the adverbial phrase is put right in front of the verb and its purpose is to describe the verb. Sentence pattern: S adverbialphrase V O What are the rules to put a ...
2
votes
3answers
53 views

Can someone, please, help to translate name of this Chinese dish? [on hold]

Some days ago I had a dinner with partner from China, we were at native China restaurant, where even menu has no english. He ordered some dishes and I liked them so much! I asked him to write me down ...
2
votes
4answers
82 views

Chengyu dictionary

I am looking for a chengyu dictionary with the following caracteristics: the stories behind the chengyus in englis (or with chinese too), long, not just one or two sentence explanation, when and how ...
5
votes
3answers
375 views

What's the correct classifier for `房子`?

In my little bit of Mandarin experience, I have got that the classifier for 房子 is 座, and also felt that 座 is usually used to refer to a building. However, I have just read that someone here over ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Medieval Chinese Pronunciation

It's here! The A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese dictionary is finally out! Language Log says: A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese All of the ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How do I ask for a refill for my acrylic nails?

I like having pretty acrylic nails: Roughly once a month, I need to get a refill. (Basically, they take the color off, and fill in the part of the nail where it's grown out, and paint them again.) ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

How common is the phrase “同乡”?

I recently read the word “同乡” (i.e. person who lives in the same village as you). I'm trying to figure out if it is something that people say. Could I say 在飞机上我竟然认识一位同乡? If not, how is it used ...
2
votes
1answer
566 views

Do people use 刻苦 nowadays?

I'm trying to figure out two things. 1. is 刻苦 still commonly used in China? Is it colloquial? ex: could I say “他那一年刻苦的学西班牙文” If it is used, are there any clear differences with “认真”? Or are they ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Help me please to identify this Chinese plant/dish?

Can you kindly help me translate and/or identify english name for this plant/dish http://www.foodreport.cn/nutrition.php?action=view&id=228 http://www.nipic.com/show/1/55/5740675k344c9c09.html
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What is the translation of 熱鬧?

I came across this word 熱鬧 (In this case, it means very crowded, noisy, lively) in an exercise and it tells me to change it into English. But I can't really find a suitable and precise word to ...
3
votes
3answers
541 views

How do I say “my wife baked these for me”?

How do I say "my wife baked these for me", where "these" can be cookies, pie, etc? In English I can use "make" or "bake" as the verb. Would I use 烘? When referencing one's own wife, is 太太 appropriate? ...
6
votes
3answers
166 views

How is 青 and 苍 used in classical Chinese to denote colors?

Here is what the dictionary says about 青:  1. 深绿色或浅蓝色:~草。~苔。 Dark Blue or light green.  2. 靛蓝色:靛~。~紫。 Indigo blue.  3. 黑色:~布。~衣。 Black. Similar case is 苍:  1. 深青色,深绿色:~翠。~天。 Dark ...
-2
votes
1answer
43 views

Where do i put adverbial expressions and other phrases in a sentence?

I know Chinese use the sequence S O V. I also know place follows time, for instance in these ways: t(ime),p(lace) S tp V O tp S V O t S p V O Where do i put further phrases, like adverbial ...
-4
votes
1answer
66 views

How to write this in chinese [on hold]

I want my girlfriend name tattooed in Chinese but unable to know how to write it in Chinese calligraphy. The name is HALDER(pronounced as HALDHER), can someone please let me know how it is in Chinese. ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

How Should I Pronounce the Character 說 In This Lyric?

Reading the following lyric (詞) of Nara Singde (納蘭性德), set to the tune 念奴嬌, where rhyming characters are enclosed in parentheses according to this reference: 怕見人去樓空,柳枝無恙,猶掃窗間(月)。 無分暗香深處住,悔把蘭襟親(結)。 ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How to interpret '开始起步' in this sentence

In this sentence, IT企业的电子商务也在1999年开始起步。how would you translate '开始起步'?
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Is 是 being used as a measure word in this sentence?

现在,中国网民总数已经超过美国人口总数,但美国网购人数占其全部人口的75%,中国则只有25%左右,而且,中国网购消费者年均消费额仅为美国消费者的1/5。于刚认为,这是差距, 更是中国电子商务的潜力。 Is '是‘ in 这是差距 working as a 量词?Or should I read 'this is a disparity'?
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Why use name of particular hairstyle 堕云髻 (low cloud bun?

The translation of Der Prozess (审判)by Franz Kafka contains the following sentence 他凝视着她的头发;她那头微微发红的头发梳得很整齐,中间分开,脑后束成一个堕云譬(apparently a misprint of 髻)corresponding to:"He looked at her hair in front of ...
7
votes
4answers
241 views

Differentiating between 收 and 受

I've noticed a lot of people have trouble differentiating between 收 and 受. Both their pronunciations and meanings are similar. How to differentiate between the two? What tricks and tips are there ...
0
votes
3answers
76 views

Through which processes became words in classical Chinese that tautological?

There are a lot of different words for many concepts in classical Chinese, for instance for the personal pronouns. Due to which circumstances could this happen?
2
votes
2answers
144 views

List of Chinese characters not used in Mandarin/putonghua

Is there any convenient list of all of these characters? Examples of such characters being: The Hokkien (Min) 𪜶 (which is the pronoun 'them/they/theirs') The Cantonese/Hakka/Gan 佢 (which is the ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

How do you say “snap judgment” in Cantonese?

There isn't a translation in the Cantonese dictionary. Is there a way to say "snap judgment" or the equivalent?
0
votes
2answers
72 views

How would you say, “Don't let price interfere with your happiness” in Cantonese?

How would you say, "Don't let price interfere with your happiness" in Cantonese? After asking a few Cantonese speakers, there were still no conclusive answers but a few suggestions: 1)冇俾價錢影響你快樂 ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Online resources for meanings and examples of radicals in simplified Chinese

I've done a brief search through CSE, but found nothing too helpful. Are there any online resources that explain the meaning of the radicals followed by some examples in simplified Chinese?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What can be put between the both parts of a separable verb?

I only know, that a verb which is made up of a verb and object, can be separated and further structures can be put between. For instance: 发愁 , wherein 发 is the verb and 愁 is the object, can be ...
-3
votes
0answers
39 views

where can I learn Chinese [closed]

I have an online competitive Globally Ranked match with Chinese player from Shoujin Nantong, and i really need to learn Chinese in order to compete with them. By the way the match is within three ...
2
votes
4answers
216 views

Is the symbol in the images a chinese letter?

Is the symbol in the images a chinese letter, and if it is, what does it mean?
7
votes
2answers
145 views

Are the Cantonese word 係 and the Japanese word はい related?

The Cantonese word meaning "to be", written as 係 (Jyutping: hai6) sounds similar to the Japanese word はい ("hai" in various Romanizations). Both words are used to answer "yes" or "it is correct" to ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Translation: Regard your neighbor’s gain as your gain, and your neighbor’s loss as your own loss

I'm reading the book Born for Love at the moment and came across the following passage: In all great religions, for example, there’s an equivalent of the Golden Rule, a summary of moral teachings ...
3
votes
3answers
78 views

Complement of direction: difference between two sentences

他出商店去了。 他从商店出去了。 Why is only the second sentence right? I knew that when we use a directional complement, we could put the object in the middle between the two verbs. So why do I have to use 从 in ...
4
votes
2answers
95 views

Character 瞓: where did the pronunciations come from?

The character 瞓 is a Cantonese character meaning "sleep". It is pronounced xùn in mandarin and fan3 in Cantonese. I was wondering how two so different pronunciations (I would expect xun to match syun ...
3
votes
4answers
139 views

Difference between 惊讶 and 吃惊?

Is there a difference in the usage between 惊讶 and 吃惊? I know you can say “令人吃惊“ and “阵脚我吃了惊“. Is there any way to divide the two?
13
votes
2answers
319 views

What is the difference between 总是 and 一直?

I've always (no pun intended) wondered what the difference is between the two words. I thought they both meant always, but I've never quite grasped in what context they should be used. Could anyone ...
9
votes
4answers
248 views

What's the difference between 遇到 and 碰到?

Both 遇到 and 碰到 can be translated to "come across/run into" in those sentences: 遇到大学同学了。 碰到大学同学了。 What's the difference between 遇到 and 碰到?
10
votes
6answers
509 views

Do acronyms borrowed from English use neutral tone (aka tone 0 or tone 5) for all syllables?

I was just reading a Q&A here about Chinese words for DVD and the discussion also included other acronyms from English. It struck me that nobody wrote the pinyin for any of the terms which made ...
29
votes
9answers
2k views

Is there a lot of value in learning to write Chinese characters?

I have noticed that a lot of my friends that study Chinese at university spend a lot of their time learning to write Chinese. I would estimate more than 50% of their Chinese study time is spent on ...
6
votes
4answers
181 views

Which expressions should I choose to say “thanks for your help”?

If I want to say "Thanks for your help", which sentence is correct and which one is more commonly used? 谢谢你的帮忙 谢谢你的帮助 It seems that the first one is more uncommon but I'm not really ...
14
votes
5answers
902 views

Are there any online etymological dictionaries of Mandarin (not for characters but for spoken words)

tl;dr Are you aware of any dictionaries that explain word etymologies (not merely character etymologies)? Some links/references would be useful. This is actually a collection of related questions, ...

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