All Questions

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Are there online sources containing example sentences in classical chinese with grammar annatotions?

I came across a site that is called zdic and holds explanation of characters, but unfortunately no example sentences like nciku for modern chinese. Do you know of any source that contains sample ...
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1answer
17 views

Is it possible to use 最 in front of other part of speeches than attributes?

What kind of words, phrases or maybe even clauses are allowed behind 最 ?
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1answer
27 views

Help me catch a word

He spoke so fast, I can't make out the word he said at 2:05:8. 在既不能证实,也不能证伪的时候, ???(sounds like li3) ... 周孝正:中国社会问题分析
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1answer
35 views

Translation: “So much for…”

How to translate so much for.... into Chinese? For instance: If you were going to go to a restaurant that you really like to eat and when you get there it is close. so much for eating here today If ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Having trouble translating this: 多是不跑步的替跑步的操心

My rough translation is "better not to run than to run and worry about it." It's the double 的 and 替 that's throwing me off. Is my translation close? Here's the context: ...
2
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2answers
58 views

English translation of The Odes of Confucius (詩經)

Some time ago I read two Chinese poems and now I can't find the original Chinese version, only the English translation. Maybe you could help me with a link or a title! The poems are from The Odes of ...
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1answer
25 views

Other than ChinaSMACK, do any other glossaries of acronyms used in Chinese, like PK, ZF, GCD, TMD, JC, etc exist?

This is the ChinaSMACK glossary. Wondering how outdated it is. Would something more up to date and/or more comprehensive exist, or this is pretty much it? Thanks in advance.
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3answers
34 views

What is the oldest retracable meaning for the character/word 臾?

臾 (yu2) in classical Chinese means "for a while". I assume "for a while" was not the original meaning this character was associated with in the time when it came, by what mysterious brain activity ...
3
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1answer
38 views

What is the origin of giving certain corners within houses own name?

Thanks to another question on this forum i learned that the south-western corner of a house has its own name: 奥. I was very surprised of this notion and could not make any sense why there might be ...
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1answer
24 views

What should one pay attention to when translating english sentences containing adverbials into chinese?

What advice for translation could you give in this context, how would you translate the following sentences containing adverbials: I will go to military-school soon. I will go to military-school ...
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1answer
32 views

What are all part of speeches and part of sentences in chinese?

I am not aware whether there is difference within local variations of chinese regarding the question, but i am generally referring to standard chinese putonghua, yet i am open to hear about other ...
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3answers
49 views

How do you use “which” as a relative pronoun?

How do you use "which" as a preposition relative pronoun in chinese? For example, I'm trying to translate: There is a cozy tea sitting area in our shop which is in front of the Campbell's farmers ...
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0answers
23 views

What grammatical features are very typical for Chinese in comparision with other languages?

Every language is a set of different features. Some features are shared by different genetically unrelated languages. For instance the syntax pattern S V O is shared by english and chinese language. ...
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2answers
55 views

What Chinese characters are rare in modern but common in classical Chinese?

I browsed randomly through texts written in classical Chinese, and I noticed there were a lot of Chinese characters that were frequent in classical Chinese but never or rarely being present in modern ...
3
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2answers
39 views

What is the translation of 托业考试必备 ?

I ve looked up the words: 托 = to entrust (only one possible meaning, i do not know which one makes sense) 业 = enterprise 考试 = test 必备 = essential I can make no sense of this sentence, i even can ...
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1answer
28 views

What is important to consider while building an adverbial phrase?

As far as I know, in Chinese, the adverbial phrase is put right in front of the verb and its purpose is to describe the verb. Sentence pattern: S adverbialphrase V O What are the rules to put a ...
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3answers
50 views

if 奥巴马 was a sentence in classical chinese, what would be its meaning?

if you look up the characters used to transscribe obama in chinese, you get the following: 奥 = mysterious 巴 = to long for 马 = horse a simple sentence pattern in classical chinese is: adv. V ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Can 去 be used as a 介词(Preposition)?

I don't think 去 in the example below is necessary since 走 already implies, "go", unless the 去 in used as a 介词(preposition). 去故宫(我)怎么走? How should I go to 故宫? I also do not think that that ...
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1answer
45 views

Why is “這麼些” at the end of the sentence, “開會的人來了這麼些” ? Is it a quantity complement?

I got it from a textbook awhile reading about demonstrative pronouns. The textbook translate the sentence as "So many people have come to attend the meeting." Can someone explain why "這麼些" isn't at ...
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0answers
25 views

What is the difference between chinese sentence structure and chinese sentence pattern?

The words seem to denote the same thing at first, but they seem to differ dramatically in what they express.
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1answer
21 views

What is the order of different prepositional phrases?

Chinese Syntax is: S V O there are different prepositional phrases, for instance: p.p. that express a place, time, objective, mean ... How do i know the proper order of the different prepositional ...
3
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2answers
55 views

What is the word in majiang equivalent to suits in cards?

With playing cards with French faces, ♣♠♥♦ are collectively called suits in English, Farben ("colours") in German. With majiang tiles, what is the collective noun in Chinese for 饼、条、万, a property of ...
7
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2answers
868 views

What is the meaning of the sentence 字了一?

I ve found this sentence between two other sentences in an article about the scholar wang li: 中国语言学家、诗人。字了一。广西壮族自治区博白县人 I understand both sentences before and after 字了一, but i am clueless what this ...
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3answers
78 views

What is the grammatical analysis of 信得过?

信 = to believe. 得过 = ??? Is this construction a sentence, a phrase, a verbalphrase or maybe sth. different?
2
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1answer
37 views

Expressing numbers in scientific notation

I assume that scientific discussion in Chinese uses scientific notation, such as 5×1012. How would I read such a number aloud? I looked at the rules for saying numbers, as well as the Wikipedia ...
4
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1answer
381 views

What is the meaning of 當 and 自強 in 男兒當自強?

男兒當自強 is the title of the main theme in wong feihong, i was told its translation is "a man has to stand one's ground", i do not know how verbatim this translation is. 男兒 is man, 自強 is either "his ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Help translate these two sentences with 也未必 and 更何况

有时就连你的父亲也未必信得过,更何况是陌生人。 有时连陌生人你也可以相信,更何况是你的父亲。 The challenging parts for me are 也未必 and 连…更何况. Thanks in advance.
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1answer
67 views

What are some profanity words in classical chinese?

It is easy to find profanity words for modern chinese, but i could not find any profanity words for classical chinese. Even such simple ones as "to fuck". Please help to promote this knowledge.
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1answer
53 views

Is there a Serial verb construction in classical chinese?

serial verb construction are several verbs in sequence constituting one single predicate to describe a whole event. Example from wikipedia: 我(I) 坐(sit) 飞机(aircraft) 从(depart) 上海(Shanghai) 到(arrive) ...
3
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1answer
105 views

What is the meaning behind 5000 万 袋住先 7689!@#?

On a poster referring to the umbrella protests in hong kong is a chinese politician depicted in the way of the picture "the scream" by edward munch, next to him is a humanoid banana with googles ...
2
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1answer
64 views

What are the rules for nested sentences?

A simple sentence in Chinese looks syntactially like this: S t p V O. S(ubject),V(erb),O(bject),t(imephrase),p(lacephrase). How do i put a further sentence in another sentence?
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2answers
36 views

What are common adverbs in classical Chinese?

As far as i know, adverbs in classical chinese are put right in front of the verb, whereas in English their position is quiet freely. for instance: 並食 = to eat sitting next to each other 尽食 = to ...
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6answers
1k views

What does the `里` mean in `这些狗里有一只穿红色的毛衣`?

In the following sentence: 这些狗里有一只穿红色的毛衣 What does the 里 mean? I think the sentence means something like The dogs wear red sweaters. But why does it require 里 there and what meaning does it add? ...
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1answer
104 views

What is the average number of words necessary to read classical chinese?

I heard classical chinese had a limited amount of vocabularies compared to modern chinese. How many words one has to learn in order to acquire average reading abilities, disregarding the grammar ?
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1answer
52 views

What is the function of 乃 in 子甫至乃去乎 ?

i understand: 子甫至 - you just arrived a moment ago. 去 - go. 乎 - character that makes the sentence a question. What is the role of 乃 in this sentence?
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2answers
81 views

welcoming a chinese delegation

My girlfriend has to welcome and accompany a chinese delegation from different governmental institutions and companies, she wants to know if there are any common phrases for welcoming these guests in ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Modern diction and grammar reference

I need a reference, a good text. I want to have modern diction and grammar in mandarin. What would you recommend. My skill set at this point is low. I actually really prefer software.
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2answers
95 views

Is there a “better” translation for “你我还没完呢”? Why is it “你我” without a possible “和”? And please can anyone confirm the function of “呢” in this one?

I was watching an American TV show with Chinese subtitles on. There was a scene where a character said, "You haven't seen the last of me, Ms.Ellison.", and the Chinese subtitle for it was,"你我还没完呢 ...
2
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1answer
92 views

The concept of presumptuousness

Is there any word or short phrase in Chinese that expresses the concept of 'presumptuous' as in 'arrogantly making assumptions about the beliefs or preferences of another person without regard to the ...
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2answers
54 views

Old Mandarin vs. Mandarin Chinese?

How intelligible is Old Mandarin to the speakers of Mandarin Chinese? If an Old Mandarin Chinese speaker heard a Mandarin Chinese speaker or vice versa, how fluent would the communication be?
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1answer
36 views

What is the meaning and usage of 于之 and its contraction 焉 in classical chinese?

i ve read 于 was a preposition, but there were many unrelated translations for it,之 is as far as i know an objectpronoun like for instance him,her,them but can also mean sth. different. How is this ...
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3answers
60 views

How is this sentence translated into Chinese “The man, who kissed the woman, who betrayed him with the man, who loved the one, whom nobody knew”?

I do not know the technical term for this kind of sentences, but obviously there is some fractal vibe to it.
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3answers
34 views

Through which processes became words in classical chinese that tautological?

There are a lot of different words for many concepts in classical chinese, for instance for the personal pronouns. Due to which circumstances could this happen?
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4answers
99 views

Which non-sinitic languages contributed to the wordstock of common chinese words before 1800?

I am not interested in modern words like telephone, aeroplane, but words that were incorporated into the more frequent used part of the vocabulary from languages different than sinitic.
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1answer
63 views

What is an equivalent of the acronyme G.I.L.F. ? [on hold]

G.I.L.F. as it stands fro Granny I would like to fuck.
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1answer
53 views

What is a very comprehensive syntax structure?

the syntax is S V O, one can expand this to include phrases about time and place: S t p V O. What else can be this SVO structure expanded with? How would a maximal structure look like that ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

Why does the `请` take two duplicate words on its verb occasionally (e.g. `请洗洗你的袜子`)

I've read these sentences in my Rosetta Stone courses: 请洗洗你的袜子 请洗一下楼梯 However, why does the first sentence use two 洗 consecutively before taking the object? Also, how can I tell when to use one ...
0
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1answer
53 views

Learning past tense with Rosetta Stone

I'm learning Chinese using Rosetta Stone and i find 99.9% of the stuff that i encounter while learning to be quite logical. In fact this is the first thing in quite a while that doesn't seem to make ...
4
votes
4answers
198 views

How to use 仿佛 properly?

To give context, this is the sentence: 永远不能忘记的是北京,因为我在那里住的太久了,仿佛树生了根一样。 I am not sure how to render the last bit. I'm guessing it's saying: As if I am a tree, the roots are the same as my ...
2
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1answer
48 views

How do I say “The story has to have a moral”

Is there any way to say that when you write a story it has to "have a moral". (I.e. it has to teach you something). Is there a clear translation for that in Chinese? Cheers,

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