1
vote
3answers
73 views

How to use 以 in Literary Chinese?

For example: 差之毫厘,谬以千里 I understand the overall meaning of this saying, but if I wanted to just be able to define 以 as it is used here, how could I do so? Thank you, Rachel
1
vote
2answers
170 views

Are 得到 and 接受 similar?

I saw the previous posts about 接受 and 接收。 But couldn't find information about the difference between 接受 and 得到。 它们的对象可以是抽象的也可以是具体的? 得到/接受的可以是好的也可以是消极的? Or maybe I just need to memorize the “习惯搭配”?! ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Can I communicate without changing tones?

I'm not sure why this question has not been posted yet (I might have overlooked), but is it possible to communicate with native Chinese people even if you don't change its tones? For example, I only ...
3
votes
2answers
860 views

Subway door announcement mystery

I think probably every metro system around the world has to have an audio announcement warning passengers to stay away from the train's doors as they're closing. Here in New York, a pre-recorded voice ...
1
vote
4answers
119 views

Word order in a sentence with 跟 and 在

I am not sure if I should put 跟 before 在 or the other way round. For example: 我跟朋友(一起)在饭馆吃饭 or 我在饭馆跟朋友(一起)吃饭 Can I use both, but the meaning is slightly different?
2
votes
2answers
220 views

“She” (她) for inanimate objects in Chinese(?)

She in English (as this is the main language of the site) sometimes has the following function: Used in place of it to refer to certain inanimate things, such as ships and nations, ...
1
vote
3answers
190 views

Which number translation is correct?

I need to write a numeral in 汉字。 But I am not sure, if I need to put 一 in huge numerals before tens. So, my numeral is 81,016 and my question is: do I need to write: 八万一千零一十六 or: 八万一千零十六 Which ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Enigma of 討厭. Why does it mean “to hate”?

As far as I know 寸 is a depiction of a finger pointing at a wrist where one’s pulse was taken. The distance between a hand and that point is small, so this portion signified a little… So ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Pronunciation of 站

While looking for the correct pronunciation of 站 (zhàn / zhan4), I've come across several different recordings in online dictionaries, Forvo, wiktionary, and Google Translate, for example. Sometimes ...
1
vote
2answers
202 views

What does 已出口直封 mean?

My first question here, sorry if it's not a good fit. I am tracking a parcel in Chinese, but I do not know what 已出口直封 means. I know that 广州互换局 means Guangzhou exchange bureau/office, and 已出口开拆 means ...
3
votes
3answers
120 views

What does "不等“ add in 从A到B不等?

So, I just learned this grammar. For example, I know that we can say 这个商店的价格从五十元到五千元不等。 But, I thought I could also say 这个商店的价格从五十元到五千元。 What does 不等 add to the sentence? Does it slightly ...
13
votes
5answers
654 views

Learning how to use measure / count words properly

Chinese has measure (or count) words like “个” (一个人), “部” (三部车), etc. These always get me confused, and there way too many of them. Are there any general rules that can help me memorize them? Also, ...
2
votes
4answers
136 views

Is this sentence using 以…为?

I read this sentence in the book 游子吟: 神的存在是一个不以人们的主观意志为转移的客观事实 I'm unclear about what "以" and "为" are doing here. I Googled to see if "以...为" is a common construct; this page says that you can ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Mandarin Chinese Most Frequent 1000 First Names (中国最常用的1000个名字)

Is there a list of common Chinese first names? There are some lists containing top 100 names but it is quite insufficient as it covers only 15% of total population. I need a comprehensive list. ...
23
votes
9answers
4k views

What is a good technique for remembering tones?

I find it a great struggle to try and remember tones for all the new vocab I learn, and aside from gradually picking up tones by listening and talking with native speakers, I can't really remember ...
16
votes
2answers
19k views

Informal ways of beginning/ending an e-mail

I have been writing quite a few e-mails recently and I feel that I want to expand my vocabulary regarding acceptable phrases to use both at the beginning and end of an e-mail. When I say informal, I ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Rule: tone sandhi in topolectical dictionaries

I'm looking for a rule or a guideline. Dictionaries dealing with MSM (Modern Standard Mandarin) would never include tone sandhi into their entries, as people are supposed to know the rules and apply ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

What's the difference between “击毙”, “枪毙”,“击中”,and “用枪杀?” [closed]

What's the difference between "击毙", "枪毙","击中",and "用枪杀?" Can they be used interchangeably or is there a minor difference?
4
votes
1answer
134 views

What are the 1,500 chengyu for the 2015 chengyu convention

The 2015 Chengyu Convention apparently tested contestants on 1,500 different chengyu. Where's the list of the 1,500 Chengyu?
3
votes
1answer
405 views

Do people still use 炒冷饭?

I know that 炒冷饭 means to rehash a dead conversation. But is this still used in conversation? For example, could I say 你别再炒冷饭! I'm scared this expression is a bit old and is not used anymore.
1
vote
2answers
176 views

What does the underscore (_) mean in Chinese?

Some examples of Google search: 风中的树_新浪博客 历史转折中的邓小平_电视剧_央视网 ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Looking for a legit place for Classical Chinese grammar rules

Here is an example of my problem. I came across final particle 乎 in a classical text by 孟子. I know from a short description in a unreliable resource that it is similar to 呢, 吗 and 吧。 The thing is, I ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

How do you use - 我还是做一枚安静的N 吧

Question for you all. I've seen sentences that are like this 我还是做一枚安静的吃货好了 or 我还是做一枚安静的美少女 I understand that this is a funny expression (used primarily online) Can I replace the final word with ...
7
votes
2answers
293 views

Is the measure word optional in 这件毛衣?

I've heard the sentence 这毛衣, (so without measure word), but my chinese manual always use a measure word after 这: 这件毛衣 这件苹果 Is the measure word optionnal in after 这 ?
4
votes
7answers
4k views

How to translate “暧昧” into English?

Many dictionaries translate it to "ambiguity",but it looks so indefinitely. I'm looking for more expressive answer.
12
votes
7answers
619 views

家: why is a home a place for pigs?

The character 家 is a bit of a joke: it describes a dwelling (宀) for pigs (豕). Why is this strange construction used? Were pigs somehow important for homes in the past? 说文解字 describes 家 as 从宀,豭省聲 - ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Translate Zimbabwe to Chinese: 辛巴威 or 津巴布韦?

Zimbabwe is a country. Which one is its Chinese translation: 辛巴威 or 津巴布韦? Could it be possible that Chinese in Taiwan call it 辛巴威? Another country is Zambia. 尚比亞 or 赞比亚?
1
vote
3answers
175 views

Chinese names: Gah-Ning

I'm trying to translate the children's book "Where Is Gah-Ning?" in Chinese. The Gah-Ning in question is Chinese-Canadian, and the book is written in English, so I don't know how to render her name. ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Why 批 means “criticize” and “a batch” at the same time?

Is there a story to this mutation of meaning? Or is this shift of semantics connected to phonetic considerations only?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Essay “link” in chinese?

In my school they teach a PEEL format for writing essays. Point-论点 Evidendence-论据 Explanation-论证 Link-???? What is the "link" known as in Chinese?
6
votes
5answers
875 views

What's the most usual way to say “hand sanitizer” in Chinese?

I'm finding in the non-touristy places in China where I'm spending my time in cheaper places etc that there's often no place to wash your hands, or it's dirty, or there's no soap. I've been ...
2
votes
5answers
163 views

When should I use 经验 and when should I use 经历?

Can I say "跟据我的经历那儿的人很友好"? Is this a correct sentence? Should I use 经历, 经验, or is there a better way to say this sentence?
3
votes
5answers
819 views

When to use “他的太太” and when “他太太”?

I've read the two different sentences, of which one uses "他的太太" and the other uses "他太太". How can I tell the difference between the two? For example, in the following sentence: 现在他想他的太太。 现在他想他太太。 ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Usage of 我的太太 or 我太太 [duplicate]

When I want to say "my wife" - is it just "我太太" or is it "我的太太"? I've read both and wonder what the difference is, if there is any. Or are both used equally?
10
votes
1answer
190 views

Three-digit year in date on Chinese document

For work, I occasionally have to translate foreign language documents. I've been running into a lot of Chinese (simplified) documents that have a date listed as YYY/MM/DD. Why is the year only 3 ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Why 就范 means “to give in”?

What is etymology of this word? As far as I know 就 means: to start or to enter which sometimes is being interpreted as to take some thing (to enter a position of ...) So I just can't see why ...
84
votes
13answers
17k views

Resources for learning Mandarin Chinese

This is a specifically created Community Wiki which gathers resources for learning Mandarin Chinese and it has been approved by the Community itself. It should be clear that the resources are not ...
6
votes
2answers
739 views

Proper letter writing etiquette

I've recently been writing a lot of letters in Mandarin and I have several questions regarding the form. Chinese has many salutations in letters. For the most part, is it okay just to use 亲爱? If ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

How to say “giving someone the benefit of the doubt” in Chinese?

This expression connotes that one is willing to not insist on accusing someone of a mistake despite most evidence pointing to that someone as being responsible. As in a legal proceeding where the jury ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

How do I pronounce romanised Chinese names which lack tone marks?

In the West, Chinese names almost never seem to be written using pinyin tone marks or numbers. For example, the current president's name will simply be written as Xi Jinping. I had to Google to ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Parts of speech question.

Parts of speech are always dicey in Chinese. What is a verb, what is an adjective etc. So, In the sentence 你好!, what part of speech is Hao?
3
votes
5answers
320 views

Help to translate “红烧肉” to a foreigner

How to translate "红烧肉" to a foreigner. The braise in soy sauce meat?
1
vote
2answers
291 views

Roots of the difference between 谈,论,说,讲,议, 叙,言,报,告,述

All those talk, discuss, chat and ect. In any language there are a lot of words expressing different connotation of people speaking. In my own language (russian) there are lot's of them BUT I can ...
0
votes
5answers
131 views
3
votes
4answers
123 views

What is the difference btween 看样子 and 看起来

I just learned that you could use 看样子 to mean something similar to 看起来. Is there a difference in usage? Is one more formal than the other? From Iciba.com 好天气看样子要过去了 他看起来很生气
2
votes
5answers
163 views

What is the difference between “比照” and “比较”?

I started learning Chinese not too long ago but have come across these expressions (比照 and 比较) when comparing things. I am confused as to whether I'm using it correctly. Would anyone be able to help ...
8
votes
7answers
314 views

Regional variations on 三更半夜

A couple years ago, I was at a Chinese(-American) gathering and the topic of 成语 came up. One of them was 三更半夜. My family is from Hangzhou, and previously I had always known of it as 深更半夜. On the other ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

When to use of 买

I teacher mine told me that 买 could be use to buy/purchase but also to "to decide to buy", or "go shopping", other teacher told me the first one was wrong. Who is right?
1
vote
3answers
90 views

不比 vs 没有 comparison usage

If my understanding is correct, then: 他没有我高。= he's not as tall as me, i.e. he is shorter. 他不比我高。= he's either as tall as me or shorter, i.e. he's at most as tall as me. Is that correct? If so, in ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

比 comparison structures: positive adjectives?

In some textbook materials, I read that comparisons in Chinese should be used with "positive adjectives". For example: This is correct: 我比他高。 This is said to be incorrect: 他比我矮。 It should be: 他没有我高。 ...

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