8
votes
4answers
452 views

What is the difference between 古怪 and 古里古怪?

According to my book, there is a pattern for building further adjectives from adjectives. If the original adjective is AB (two different characters), its derivation is A里AB. Unfortunately, this ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

How do you say Symbol in a literary sense?

Could someone clarify the different ways of how to say "Something symbolizes something else"? (In a literary sense). I know that we could say ”白色象征纯洁。“ But could we use 象征 as a noun? ex。 “作者用“白色” ...
8
votes
2answers
589 views

Usage of 目 vs 眼睛

Can I use 目 in daily conversations or its too archaic and I should use only 眼睛? What about 口 and 嘴巴? I am trying to teach my daughter Chinese with daily Chinese phrases and have dilemma - 目 is ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

what is difference using of “地” and “得” [duplicate]

I have been learning Mandarin since 6 months ago, but i have problem with my title, could you guys make me clear about the difference between them? if i have example of sentences like below is ...
6
votes
4answers
761 views

What does 反动 mean?

The dictionary definition of 反动 means reactionary, and in the political sense it can also mean someone who is very conservative, as opposed to progressive. However, it seems that this word is being ...
2
votes
3answers
166 views

Is the character 攜 still used in modern Chinese?

This character has in classical Chinese a very common meaning, namely "to take", like in the sentence: 攜妻子至海岸。 (To take wife and children and arrive at the sea shore). I recognize many characters ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Colloquial Equivalent of: Speedy Gonzales

If people are very fast, or do things quickly, sometimes we will refer to such a person as Speedy Gonzales in English? Are there similar references for people in Chinese?
-3
votes
2answers
194 views

How to write in Chinese: She is an English speaking secretary?

How to write in Chinese: She is an English speaking secretary? My version is: 她是英文的秘书。
5
votes
1answer
80 views

How to say 'protect x from y'?

In my routine HSK vocab study, I recently came upon the word 保护; to protect. Obviously, it works easily like any other verb in statements simply of protection, but I have no idea how to translate the ...
-2
votes
2answers
76 views

Could you underline the parts of sentence contained in: “她一向忌讳家人向陌生人提及自己的隐事”?

I am quiet weak at grammar, i know some basic chinese sentence patterns like S P O S t p P O t S p P O t p S P O wherein: S(ubject),P(redicate),O(bject),t(imephrase),p(lacephrase) When i look ...
1
vote
4answers
137 views

What does `只` mean in `他有四本书,可是我只有三本`?

In the following sentence: 他有四本书,可是我只有三本。 , what does the 只 mean? I think the sentence reads He has four books, but I have three. I also read the sentence like 我只需要一个叉子, though I cannot get what ...
6
votes
2answers
502 views

Difference between 也都不 and 也不都

Are they same? 我们也都不是学生 - We also all not are students. 我们也不都是学生 - We also not all are students.
1
vote
1answer
136 views

What is the meaning of 及 in the compound word 危及?

I know 及 as a conjungtion for words or phrases with the meaning "and". What meaning does 及 bear here that makes semantically sense?
2
votes
1answer
139 views

When making j, x, and q consonant sounds, where in the mouth does the sound get created?

This page clearly shows the difference in tongue position for forming these consonants. However, I find that what I'm doing is placing the tip of my tongue against my lower teeth as directed, but the ...
2
votes
4answers
133 views

How to say copycat?

I posted a status on Facebook and 20 minutes later someone else posted the exact same one. Google translate spits out 复印机 for copycat which looks pretty weird to me (the 机 at the end). Nciku gave me ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Beyond 习惯 a general “framework” desired for 得's uses in “主语”“动词” 得是什么?, “主语” “动词” 得是鸟语,“主语” “动词” 得 “名词,” et cetera

Concerning the use of 得, which in my text below is to always be pronounced using the pinyin romanization “de,” after a verb I am familiar with the structures A: “Subject verb 得 (adjective transformed ...
-3
votes
2answers
42 views

Are there online sources containing example sentences in classical Chinese with grammar annotations?

I came across a site that is called zdic and holds explanation of characters, but unfortunately no example sentences like nciku for modern Chinese. Do you know of any source that contains sample ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Is it possible to use 最 in front of other part of speeches than attributes?

What kind of words, phrases or maybe even clauses are allowed behind 最 ?
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Help me catch a word

He spoke so fast, I can't make out the word he said at 2:05:8. 在既不能证实,也不能证伪的时候, ???(sounds like li3) ... 周孝正:中国社会问题分析
4
votes
3answers
178 views

Translation: “So much for…”

How to translate so much for.... into Chinese? For instance: If you were going to go to a restaurant that you really like to eat and when you get there it is close. so much for eating here today If ...
2
votes
2answers
173 views

Having trouble translating this: 多是不跑步的替跑步的操心

My rough translation is "better not to run than to run and worry about it." It's the double 的 and 替 that's throwing me off. Is my translation close? Here's the context: ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

English translation of The Odes of Confucius (詩經)

Some time ago I read two Chinese poems and now I can't find the original Chinese version, only the English translation. Maybe you could help me with a link or a title! The poems are from The Odes of ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Other than ChinaSMACK, do any other glossaries of acronyms used in Chinese, like PK, ZF, GCD, TMD, JC, etc exist?

This is the ChinaSMACK glossary. Wondering how outdated it is. Would something more up to date and/or more comprehensive exist, or this is pretty much it? Thanks in advance.
0
votes
3answers
49 views

What is the oldest retracable meaning for the character/word 臾?

臾 (yu2) in classical Chinese means "for a while". I assume "for a while" was not the original meaning this character was associated with in the time when it came, by what mysterious brain activity ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

What is the origin of giving certain corners within houses own name?

Thanks to another question on this forum i learned that the south-western corner of a house has its own name: 奥. I was very surprised of this notion and could not make any sense why there might be ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

What should one pay attention to when translating english sentences containing adverbials into chinese?

What advice for translation could you give in this context, how would you translate the following sentences containing adverbials: I will go to military-school soon. I will go to military-school ...
0
votes
4answers
93 views

How do you use “which” as a relative pronoun?

How do you use "which" as a preposition relative pronoun in chinese? For example, I'm trying to translate: There is a cozy tea sitting area in our shop which is in front of the Campbell's farmers ...
5
votes
3answers
163 views

What Chinese characters are rare in modern but common in classical Chinese?

I browsed randomly through texts written in classical Chinese, and I noticed there were a lot of Chinese characters that were frequent in classical Chinese but never or rarely being present in modern ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

What is the translation of 托业考试必备 ?

I ve looked up the words: 托 = to entrust (only one possible meaning, i do not know which one makes sense) 业 = enterprise 考试 = test 必备 = essential I can make no sense of this sentence, i even can ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

What is important to consider while building an adverbial phrase?

As far as I know, in Chinese, the adverbial phrase is put right in front of the verb and its purpose is to describe the verb. Sentence pattern: S adverbialphrase V O What are the rules to put a ...
0
votes
3answers
118 views

if 奥巴马 was a sentence in classical chinese, what would be its meaning? [closed]

if you look up the characters used to transscribe obama in chinese, you get the following: 奥 = mysterious 巴 = to long for 马 = horse a simple sentence pattern in classical chinese is: adv. V ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Can 去 be used as a 介词(Preposition)?

I don't think 去 in the example below is necessary since 走 already implies, "go", unless the 去 in used as a 介词(preposition). 去故宫(我)怎么走? How should I go to 故宫? I also do not think that that ...
0
votes
1answer
202 views

Why is “這麼些” at the end of the sentence, “開會的人來了這麼些” ? Is it a quantity complement?

I got it from a textbook awhile reading about demonstrative pronouns. The textbook translate the sentence as "So many people have come to attend the meeting." Can someone explain why "這麼些" isn't at ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

What is the order of different prepositional phrases?

Chinese Syntax is: S V O there are different prepositional phrases, for instance: p.p. that express a place, time, objective, mean ... How do i know the proper order of the different prepositional ...
4
votes
2answers
75 views

What is the word in majiang equivalent to suits in cards?

With playing cards with French faces, ♣♠♥♦ are collectively called suits in English, Farben ("colours") in German. With majiang tiles, what is the collective noun in Chinese for 饼、条、万, a property of ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the meaning of the sentence 字了一?

I ve found this sentence between two other sentences in an article about the scholar wang li: 中国语言学家、诗人。字了一。广西壮族自治区博白县人 I understand both sentences before and after 字了一, but i am clueless what this ...
2
votes
3answers
92 views

What is the grammatical analysis of 信得过?

信 = to believe. 得过 = ??? Is this construction a sentence, a phrase, a verbalphrase or maybe sth. different?
3
votes
2answers
82 views

Expressing numbers in scientific notation

I assume that scientific discussion in Chinese uses scientific notation, such as 5×1012. How would I read such a number aloud? I looked at the rules for saying numbers, as well as the Wikipedia ...
4
votes
1answer
410 views

What is the meaning of 當 and 自強 in 男兒當自強?

男兒當自強 is the title of the main theme in wong feihong, i was told its translation is "a man has to stand one's ground", i do not know how verbatim this translation is. 男兒 is man, 自強 is either "his ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Help translate these two sentences with 也未必 and 更何况

有时就连你的父亲也未必信得过,更何况是陌生人。 有时连陌生人你也可以相信,更何况是你的父亲。 The challenging parts for me are 也未必 and 连…更何况. Thanks in advance.
0
votes
1answer
92 views

What are some profanity words in classical Chinese?

It is easy to find profanity words for modern Chinese, but I could not find any profanity words for classical Chinese. Even such simple ones as "to fuck". Please help to promote this knowledge.
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Is there a serial verb construction in classical Chinese?

Serial verb constructions are several verbs in sequence constituting one single predicate to describe a whole event. Example from Wikipedia: 我(I) 坐(sit) 飞机(aircraft) 从(depart) 上海(Shanghai) 到(arrive) ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

What is the meaning behind 5000 万 袋住先 7689!@#?

On a poster referring to the umbrella protests in hong kong is a chinese politician depicted in the way of the picture "the scream" by edward munch, next to him is a humanoid banana with googles ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What are the rules for nested sentences?

A simple sentence in Chinese looks syntactially like this: S t p V O. S(ubject),V(erb),O(bject),t(imephrase),p(lacephrase). How do i put a further sentence in another sentence?
0
votes
2answers
40 views

What are common adverbs in classical Chinese?

As far as i know, adverbs in classical chinese are put right in front of the verb, whereas in English their position is quiet freely. for instance: 並食 = to eat sitting next to each other 尽食 = to ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

What does the `里` mean in `这些狗里有一只穿红色的毛衣`?

In the following sentence: 这些狗里有一只穿红色的毛衣 What does the 里 mean? I think the sentence means something like The dogs wear red sweaters. But why does it require 里 there and what meaning does it add? ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

What is the average number of words necessary to read classical Chinese?

I heard classical Chinese had a limited amount of vocabularies compared to modern Chinese. How many words one has to learn in order to acquire average reading abilities, disregarding the grammar?
1
vote
1answer
75 views

What is the function of 乃 in 子甫至乃去乎 ?

i understand: 子甫至 - you just arrived a moment ago. 去 - go. 乎 - character that makes the sentence a question. What is the role of 乃 in this sentence?
0
votes
2answers
89 views

welcoming a chinese delegation

My girlfriend has to welcome and accompany a chinese delegation from different governmental institutions and companies, she wants to know if there are any common phrases for welcoming these guests in ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

Is there a “better” translation for “你我还没完呢”? Why is it “你我” without a possible “和”? And please can anyone confirm the function of “呢” in this one?

I was watching an American TV show with Chinese subtitles on. There was a scene where a character said, "You haven't seen the last of me, Ms.Ellison.", and the Chinese subtitle for it was,"你我还没完呢 ...

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