11
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the difference between 绿 and 青?

What is the difference between 绿 and 青? Do they refer to different shades of green? I know 青 can be used in many more contexts; it can be used to mean 'young' or 'immature'. I find it boggling how 青 ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

What is a good resources to read easy Chinese texts?

I started learning Chinese and want to find some short texts to practice my reading. I've found http://chinesereadingpractice.com/ where you can find some interesting posts, but even beginners text ...
3
votes
3answers
173 views

Are 改正 and 纠正 interchangeable?

Both 改正 and 纠正 mean "to correct" or "to make right." What is the difference between these words? Do they have different connotations? Are both words acceptable in sentences like the following? ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

What's the difference between 礼仪,惯例,规矩?

In a section of my textbook I recently covered, I came across 3 vocabulary words that are very similar and I'm not sure how and when to use each. From what I understand: 礼仪: protocol/etiquette. The ...
4
votes
3answers
379 views

What is the difference between 将来 and 未来?

The dictionary translation is essentially the same. From the example sentences I've looked up, it seems the two can be interchangeable (though I could certainly be wrong). Also, I was told that 未来 ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Take a picture of me/for me (which preposition better translates)?

As an experienced tourist in China, I know the sentence:你能不能给我(们)相的照吗? Although it gives the desired result-- someone taking a picture of me, for me, with my own camera-- I am not sure of the exact ...
1
vote
3answers
102 views

Old Mandarin vs. Mandarin Chinese?

How intelligible is Old Mandarin to the speakers of Mandarin Chinese? If an Old Mandarin Chinese speaker heard a Mandarin Chinese speaker or vice versa, how fluent would the communication be?
6
votes
1answer
83 views

When should I use the 是…的 construction?

I've been told that 是...的 is used to put emphasis on something, but I'm not sure when or why I should use it.
2
votes
1answer
41 views

What podcasts/movie/music is good to improve my listening?

Most other skills are improving steadily, but my listening is lagging (far) behind. Are there any movies, music or podcasts that can help me with this?
14
votes
3answers
581 views

Tense and use of 了

I struggle a bit to get my head around tenses in Mandarin, and in particular when I need to use 了 (le). Do you have any tips, examples or resources to help me out with this?
2
votes
4answers
72 views

What is the chinese translation for “ endure and move on ”?

I need help. I've been trying to get the chinese word with meaning of the phrase " endure and move on ". It has something to do with a break up w/ a girlfriend and you want too endure it and move on. ...
6
votes
5answers
135 views

What is the verbatim translation for “都什么时候了” ?

"什么时候" means verbatim "what time" But, when i add 都 (adverb meaning "all") and 了(particle indicating either change of state or completion), i can not grasp what meaning is conveyed by this phrase. ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Oral Tradition: Chinese Folktales, Sayings, Ballads, Songs, Chants, Etc

With the first translation and publication of the first edition of Grimms' Fairy Tales into English recently, I've been wondering a lot about Chinese and/or Sinological oral tradition. The Wikipedia ...
5
votes
4answers
64 views

Technical English-Chinese Dictionary

Do anyone know if it exists a professional English-Chinese and Chinese-English Technical Dictionary?
1
vote
2answers
99 views

Why is 劝ing so common -or- popular in Chinese?

First off I'm not really sure what we would call 劝ing in English, it's not really exhorting or admonishing as dictionaries would lead people to believe - it's more like actively sticking your nose ...
3
votes
5answers
692 views

When to use `他的太太` and when `他太太`?

I've read the two different sentences, on which the one uses 他的太太 and the other uses 他太太. However, how can I tell the difference between the two? For example, in the following sentence: 现在他想他的太太。 ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Translating 2 subtitles (TV drama 03:31 and 03:39)

below find dialog of 2 druglords and the brother of one of them 江东和江南兄弟 and 林力华 at the start of part 8 of TV drama 国家形象, http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMTA2MDgwNDQw.html 03:31 includes 拿手 ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

What's the difference between 候 and 等?

I've usually seen in my little Mandarin learning experience, that when people express wait, they usually use 等. However, I just noticed the following phrase in Sina Weibo: 请稍候... I know 请 means ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

why are there some people learning Chinese? [closed]

Although I am a native Chinese, I think Chinese language is not a good language tool to communicate information among people. So when I found there are some people asking some Chinese language ...
-2
votes
2answers
43 views

What is the official total sum of all Madarin pictograms?

I took a few books in a public library; I saw more than 600 different pictograms. I never found any other way to learn them than to learn them by heart. It is a very beautiful language; a form of a ...
4
votes
5answers
408 views

Is Mandarin impossible for my goals?

Since years ago I have been studying some languages with the major goal of being able to read texts, complex or not, written under them. My native is Portuguese (from Brazil) and nowadays I have no ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

What does 民以食为天 mean?

How to translate the old saying "民以食为天"? Would that be "Food is the priority of populace"? That doesn't sound right to me, though.
1
vote
2answers
36 views

How do you describe the “growth/improvement” of “rights" (i.e. 权利)

How do we describe the growth of “rights” (or more colloquially in english the "Extension of rights' (i.e. the extension of women's rights, etc.) Is it "女性权利的发展? 增加? 提高?扩大?” Haha, let me know what ...
17
votes
1answer
348 views

What is the difference in use between 以及, 和 and 与?

I have a book with the following lesson titles: 中文以及中国 聚会和饮食 交通与环境 Why are these terms connected with 以及 / 和 / 与, why not always use 和 for example? Are there any rules for proper use of these ...
-3
votes
4answers
61 views

a translation request [closed]

I am preparing a toy example for my talk and it would be nice if I had this phrase translated to Chinese (simplified): "the wicked witch of Oz". Also, it would be nice if you could tell me which words ...
4
votes
2answers
476 views

What is the difference between 专家 and 达人?

I saw 达人 on the title of the following Tawianese video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eru3weFzRnI (very amuzing!) and some other places, and got confused since I already knew 专家 . On the title it ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Any Chinese-English economics and business related vocab list online?

Apologies to those who are irritated by resource request questions. What would you recommend to brush up and expand economics and business related vocabulary? Ideally I am looking for something that ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

What different grammatical uses exist for 而 in classical chinese?

The question itself is already sufficient in description. Whose brilliant brain had the idea to coerce this nonsensical additional commentary text on us?
2
votes
3answers
538 views

Preferred translation for “log out” or “sign out” (such as a web site): 注销, 登出, 退出?

We're having trouble figuring out the preferred Simplified Chinese translation for "log out" or "sign out" for a web application we're translating. Our third-party translator thinks it's 注销, and an ...
2
votes
5answers
161 views

How to translate “In conclusion”?

I'm practicing writing short articles in Chinese, but I'm not sure how to say "To conclude" or "In conclusion". I can't seem to find an appropriate translation. What is recommended?
6
votes
3answers
775 views

What is the ancient Chinese one-character name for woman like '子’ means man?

青青子衿,悠悠我心。但为君故,沉吟至今 Here: 子,对对方的尊称 子 implicitly implies the poem is addressing a man. The poem talks about how a lady misses a man. I just wonder if there is a corresponding word for Chinese. (i.e. ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

What kind of typology does ancient Chinese belong to?

Modern Chinese belongs to the group of languages are isolating, just like English, but even purer. English once was not isolating but possessed flection. Is the situation with English similar to that ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

What is the meaning and usage of 于之 and its contraction 焉 in classical Chinese?

I've read 于 was a preposition, but there were many unrelated translations for it. 之 is as far as I know an object pronoun, like for instance him, her, them but can also mean somthing different. How ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

What is the average number of words necessary to read classical Chinese?

I heard classical Chinese had a limited amount of vocabularies compared to modern Chinese. How many words one has to learn in order to acquire average reading abilities, disregarding the grammar?
0
votes
1answer
94 views

What are some profanity words in classical Chinese?

It is easy to find profanity words for modern Chinese, but I could not find any profanity words for classical Chinese. Even such simple ones as "to fuck". Please help to promote this knowledge.
2
votes
3answers
168 views

Is the character 攜 still used in modern Chinese?

This character has in classical Chinese a very common meaning, namely "to take", like in the sentence: 攜妻子至海岸。 (To take wife and children and arrive at the sea shore). I recognize many characters ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

What is a polite or neutral way to ask for someone to step out of your way?

In English I would say "excuse me". Some possibilities that come to mind are 请让,对不起,不好意思. I believe I have heard someone say "让!" before. Is that considered impolite?
6
votes
2answers
422 views

Can 来 be used as a 虚词?

来 usually means "to come". In this sentence from an online database: 旱区人民需要我们的帮助来渡过难关 来 does not seem to me being used in its lexical meaning here, but rather containing a grammatical expression ...
2
votes
3answers
171 views

Why is 那儿 just one syllable?

I was confused to find that nar4 is 那儿. I cannot figure out how to reproduce this with a pinyin IME. I type na and it gets the first character but when I type r it suggests 人 and refuses to let me ...
3
votes
3answers
163 views

你好啊? or 你好吗? Which is more common?

I have recently come across the phrase 你好啊 and I was curious about its usage. It was in the FSI Chinese course with a meaning of 'How are you?', but I have only heard 你好吗 on other courses and when ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

How long a lack of practice does it usually take to forget the intricacies off the learnt Chinese?

Particularly, intricacies of pronunciation. I am just starting to learn the language, and what bothers me is that after finally managing to learn proper pronunciations of the language sounds, I may ...
3
votes
4answers
621 views

Differentiating: 肚 and 胃 in English?

In Chinese 肚 and 胃 are two quite seperate things. In English, though, it's mostly just: stomach. Is there a good way to differantiate between the two in English?
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Maximum Number of Lateral Radicals

Is there a and if yes what is the maximum number of radicals that can be there in a Chinese Character?
5
votes
1answer
185 views

Is 勺 really the phonetic component of 的?

The etymology of 的 is described here. Is this resource correct is saying that 勺 is this character's phonetic component? I ask because it doesn't seem to hint at the correct pronunciation at all. 勺 is ...
4
votes
1answer
188 views

What does the last `点` mean in `玩得开心点`?

I've read the following phrases: A: 妈妈,我可以和新邻居一起玩吗? B: 可以,玩得开心点。 In the two sentences above, what does the 点 mean? I think this is something like the following: A: Mam, can I play together with ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Self-Teaching and Methods of Practice

I am trying to learn Chinese. I have no trouble with pronunciation; I lived in Taiwan when I was young. However, I can't seem to begin. I try to start learning, but I stop, only to try again a week or ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Usage of “danwei” in english

Is the term "danwei" singular or plural? Ie, if there are several, is it several danweis or several danwei?
3
votes
5answers
297 views

What are some well-known, online news sources that are worthy of language study?

I'm fluent in Chinese already. I just want to further my reading and writing skills. I'm thinking along the lines of NPR - has both (audio) news and talk radio that can be accessed online Time ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

What does this Chinese reporter say about APEC and Putin?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=iW4ZzxuSXbc I can sort of follow along but there are some words/phrases I'm not clear on. Here's what I can gather: ...

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