13
votes
5answers
667 views

Learning how to use measure / count words properly

Chinese has measure (or count) words like “个” (一个人), “部” (三部车), etc. These always get me confused, and there way too many of them. Are there any general rules that can help me memorize them? Also, ...
2
votes
4answers
145 views

Is this sentence using 以…为?

I read this sentence in the book 游子吟: 神的存在是一个不以人们的主观意志为转移的客观事实 I'm unclear about what "以" and "为" are doing here. I Googled to see if "以...为" is a common construct; this page says that you can ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Mandarin Chinese Most Frequent 1000 First Names (中国最常用的1000个名字)

Is there a list of common Chinese first names? There are some lists containing top 100 names but it is quite insufficient as it covers only 15% of total population. I need a comprehensive list. (...
23
votes
9answers
5k views

What is a good technique for remembering tones?

I find it a great struggle to try and remember tones for all the new vocab I learn, and aside from gradually picking up tones by listening and talking with native speakers, I can't really remember ...
16
votes
2answers
21k views

Informal ways of beginning/ending an e-mail

I have been writing quite a few e-mails recently and I feel that I want to expand my vocabulary regarding acceptable phrases to use both at the beginning and end of an e-mail. When I say informal, I ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

What's the difference between “击毙”, “枪毙”,“击中”,and “用枪杀?” [closed]

What's the difference between "击毙", "枪毙","击中",and "用枪杀?" Can they be used interchangeably or is there a minor difference?
4
votes
1answer
137 views

What are the 1,500 chengyu for the 2015 chengyu convention

The 2015 Chengyu Convention apparently tested contestants on 1,500 different chengyu. Where's the list of the 1,500 Chengyu?
3
votes
1answer
410 views

Do people still use 炒冷饭?

I know that 炒冷饭 means to rehash a dead conversation. But is this still used in conversation? For example, could I say 你别再炒冷饭! I'm scared this expression is a bit old and is not used anymore.
1
vote
2answers
189 views

What does the underscore (_) mean in Chinese?

Some examples of Google search: 风中的树_新浪博客 历史转折中的邓小平_电视剧_央视网 https://www.google.com.co/search?q=%E4%B8%AD%E7%9A%84&oq=%E4%B8%AD%E7%9A%84&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.534j0j7&sourceid=chrome&...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

How do you use - 我还是做一枚安静的N 吧

Question for you all. I've seen sentences that are like this 我还是做一枚安静的吃货好了 or 我还是做一枚安静的美少女 I understand that this is a funny expression (used primarily online) Can I replace the final word with ...
7
votes
2answers
296 views

Is the measure word optional in 这件毛衣?

I've heard the sentence 这毛衣, (so without measure word), but my chinese manual always use a measure word after 这: 这件毛衣 这件苹果 Is the measure word optionnal in after 这 ?
4
votes
7answers
5k views

How to translate “暧昧” into English?

Many dictionaries translate it to "ambiguity",but it looks so indefinitely. I'm looking for more expressive answer.
12
votes
7answers
665 views

家: why is a home a place for pigs?

The character 家 is a bit of a joke: it describes a dwelling (宀) for pigs (豕). Why is this strange construction used? Were pigs somehow important for homes in the past? 说文解字 describes 家 as 从宀,豭省聲 - ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Translate Zimbabwe to Chinese: 辛巴威 or 津巴布韦?

Zimbabwe is a country. Which one is its Chinese translation: 辛巴威 or 津巴布韦? Could it be possible that Chinese in Taiwan call it 辛巴威? Another country is Zambia. 尚比亞 or 赞比亚?
1
vote
3answers
182 views

Chinese names: Gah-Ning

I'm trying to translate the children's book "Where Is Gah-Ning?" in Chinese. The Gah-Ning in question is Chinese-Canadian, and the book is written in English, so I don't know how to render her name. ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Why 批 means “criticize” and “a batch” at the same time?

Is there a story to this mutation of meaning? Or is this shift of semantics connected to phonetic considerations only?
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Essay “link” in chinese?

In my school they teach a PEEL format for writing essays. Point-论点 Evidendence-论据 Explanation-论证 Link-???? What is the "link" known as in Chinese?
6
votes
5answers
929 views

What's the most usual way to say “hand sanitizer” in Chinese?

I'm finding in the non-touristy places in China where I'm spending my time in cheaper places etc that there's often no place to wash your hands, or it's dirty, or there's no soap. I've been ...
2
votes
5answers
170 views

When should I use 经验 and when should I use 经历?

Can I say "跟据我的经历那儿的人很友好"? Is this a correct sentence? Should I use 经历, 经验, or is there a better way to say this sentence?
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Usage of 我的太太 or 我太太 [duplicate]

When I want to say "my wife" - is it just "我太太" or is it "我的太太"? I've read both and wonder what the difference is, if there is any. Or are both used equally?
11
votes
1answer
202 views

Three-digit year in date on Chinese document

For work, I occasionally have to translate foreign language documents. I've been running into a lot of Chinese (simplified) documents that have a date listed as YYY/MM/DD. Why is the year only 3 ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Why 就范 means “to give in”?

What is etymology of this word? As far as I know 就 means: to start or to enter which sometimes is being interpreted as to take some thing (to enter a position of ...) So I just can't see why "...
6
votes
2answers
797 views

Proper letter writing etiquette

I've recently been writing a lot of letters in Mandarin and I have several questions regarding the form. Chinese has many salutations in letters. For the most part, is it okay just to use 亲爱? If not,...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

How to say “giving someone the benefit of the doubt” in Chinese?

This expression connotes that one is willing to not insist on accusing someone of a mistake despite most evidence pointing to that someone as being responsible. As in a legal proceeding where the jury ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

How do I pronounce romanised Chinese names which lack tone marks?

In the West, Chinese names almost never seem to be written using pinyin tone marks or numbers. For example, the current president's name will simply be written as Xi Jinping. I had to Google to ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Parts of speech question.

Parts of speech are always dicey in Chinese. What is a verb, what is an adjective etc. So, In the sentence 你好!, what part of speech is Hao?
3
votes
5answers
326 views

Help to translate “红烧肉” to a foreigner

How to translate "红烧肉" to a foreigner. The braise in soy sauce meat?
1
vote
2answers
303 views

Roots of the difference between 谈,论,说,讲,议, 叙,言,报,告,述

All those talk, discuss, chat and ect. In any language there are a lot of words expressing different connotation of people speaking. In my own language (russian) there are lot's of them BUT I can ...
0
votes
5answers
139 views
3
votes
4answers
132 views

What is the difference btween 看样子 and 看起来

I just learned that you could use 看样子 to mean something similar to 看起来. Is there a difference in usage? Is one more formal than the other? From Iciba.com 好天气看样子要过去了 他看起来很生气
2
votes
5answers
170 views

What is the difference between “比照” and “比较”?

I started learning Chinese not too long ago but have come across these expressions (比照 and 比较) when comparing things. I am confused as to whether I'm using it correctly. Would anyone be able to help ...
8
votes
7answers
327 views

Regional variations on 三更半夜

A couple years ago, I was at a Chinese(-American) gathering and the topic of 成语 came up. One of them was 三更半夜. My family is from Hangzhou, and previously I had always known of it as 深更半夜. On the other ...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

When to use of 买

I teacher mine told me that 买 could be use to buy/purchase but also to "to decide to buy", or "go shopping", other teacher told me the first one was wrong. Who is right?
1
vote
3answers
95 views

不比 vs 没有 comparison usage

If my understanding is correct, then: 他没有我高。= he's not as tall as me, i.e. he is shorter. 他不比我高。= he's either as tall as me or shorter, i.e. he's at most as tall as me. Is that correct? If so, in ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

比 comparison structures: positive adjectives?

In some textbook materials, I read that comparisons in Chinese should be used with "positive adjectives". For example: This is correct: 我比他高。 This is said to be incorrect: 他比我矮。 It should be: 他没有我高。 ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Chinese Speaker

What's the best way to say "Chinese speaker" in Chinese? There are the terms 母语者 and 非母语者; there are 华语学者 and 中国通 and 能说中文的人. None of these terms seems to encapsulate the simple "Chinese speaker," ...
0
votes
3answers
106 views

Apple Tablet Dictionary that Supports Drawing Input

I am trying to find an Apple tablet dictionary that supports drawing input. What I mean by that Is that you are able to draw the character you are looking for and then it suggests a number of ...
0
votes
3answers
141 views

What is the Mandarin term for great godparents?

What does my child call my godparents? Do my godparents become "great godparents" now that I have a child, similar to my parents becoming grandparents?
10
votes
7answers
535 views

Differentiating between 收 and 受

I've noticed a lot of people have trouble differentiating between 收 and 受. Both their pronunciations and meanings are similar. How to differentiate between the two? What tricks and tips are there ...
2
votes
2answers
413 views

Help translating 海南鸡饭 - 3

I've come across Zhang Shaolin's Hoi-nam kai-fan (characters 海南鸡饭, lyrics only in subtitles), a song in Hakka. It is split into three parts. This question concentrates on part 3, part 2 being here and ...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

How does 行 evolved to mean industry?

I was interested in differentiatig between different usages of obj+业,for example: 企业,商业... and there it was - 行业. So the question is "why 行 means industry and does it have something to do with it's "...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Are there concrete rules of conversion between “homophone” English and Chinese proper names?

Recently, I have come across quiet a few English names which sound very similar in Chinese Mandarin. To quote a few examples :- English : Chinese ( Pinyin ) Australia : 澳大利亚 ( Àodàlìyǎ ) John : 约翰 ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Tips for pronunciating tone value “21”?

Any tips for pronunciating tone value "21"? It seems to be, fairly, common in Chinese topolects. Kind of hard to get a grasp on the whole starting low and dropping lower thing, though. Some have ...
-3
votes
1answer
99 views

Chinese hieroglyphs to English [closed]

What is the best place to translate Chinese hieroglyphs to English in case when I have hieroglyphs picture? Google translate not helps a lot in this case. UPD. Was trying to OCR using One Note. It ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

What's the difference between 可 and 可以?

I've seen threads for 可以 as opposed to 会 and 能, but what about 可以 with its component, 可? Wiktionary seems to use them interchangeably: 白银可以指:银,贵金属,用做货币时可称为白银 Is there a difference in nuance, or flow ...
1
vote
2answers
214 views

Decipher particular short cursive inscription (is it really 习近平's signature?)

During his visit in the Czech Republic, the president of PRC Xi Jinping (习近平) has made a record in the castle of Lany guestbook. Its photo was posted publicly. The second line 二〇一六年三月廿八日 is obviously ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Weird Chinese text next to the Great Wall [duplicate]

I was looking the Great Wall of China with Google Earth, and I found relly weird characters (that are the same size as the Great Wall) near it. I don't know what these characters mean, so here is ...
3
votes
5answers
450 views

What is the meaning of the last part of this sentence?

I can't quite get the last part of this 专家:这个问题不能一刀切。对于东部的企业,因为起步较早,有一定产业规模和资金积累,所以调整产业结构,提高技术含量,不断向产业链的高端提升是发展趋势的要求。 Can I rewrite the last bit thus: 不断向产业链的高端提升是发展趋势的要求。= 发展趋势的要求是不断向产业链的高端的提升。 ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Is this sentence using 是在?

I was reading this article when I came across this: 让任意的值是在一个上下文当中. 现在的情况你可以想象一个可以把值放进去的盒子 Because of the English version, I know that this is saying: Let an arbitrary value be in a context. ...
0
votes
3answers
131 views

Difference between 两 and 二? [duplicate]

I know both mean "two," but what differentiates the two? If there is a difference, when do I use 两 and when do I use 二?

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