All Questions

2
votes
5answers
124 views

Translation: Street-Smarts/Street Smart?

How to translate street smart into Mandarin? Baidu gives: n. 城市生活方式、生存能力 but that's can't be right... As in: A street smart cop. or A cop with street-smarts.
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Is there a Serial verb construction in classical chinese?

serial verb construction are several verbs in sequence constituting one single predicate to describe a whole event. Example from wikipedia: 我(I) 坐(sit) 飞机(aircraft) 从(depart) 上海(Shanghai) 到(arrive) ...
0
votes
3answers
28 views

What is the oldest retracable meaning for the character/word 臾?

臾 (yu2) in classical Chinese means "for a while". I assume "for a while" was not the original meaning this character was associated with in the time when it came, by what mysterious brain activity ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

What is important to consider while building an adverbial phrase?

As far as I know, in Chinese, the adverbial phrase is put right in front of the verb and its purpose is to describe the verb. Sentence pattern: S adverbialphrase V O What are the rules to put a ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

What is the origin of giving certain corners within houses own name?

Thanks to another question on this forum i learned that the south-western corner of a house has its own name: 奥. I was very surprised of this notion and could not make any sense why there might be ...
0
votes
3answers
41 views

How do you use “which” as a relative pronoun?

How do you use "which" as a preposition relative pronoun in chinese? For example, I'm trying to translate: There is a cozy tea sitting area in our shop which is in front of the Campbell's farmers ...
-3
votes
1answer
25 views

What are all part of speeches and part of sentences in chinese?

I am not aware whether there is difference within local variations of chinese regarding the question, but i am generally referring to standard chinese putonghua, yet i am open to hear about other ...
-1
votes
3answers
41 views

if 奥巴马 was a sentence in classical chinese, what would be its meaning?

if you look up the characters used to transscribe obama in chinese, you get the following: 奥 = mysterious 巴 = to long for 马 = horse a simple sentence pattern in classical chinese is: adv. V ...
7
votes
2answers
848 views

What is the meaning of the sentence 字了一?

I ve found this sentence between two other sentences in an article about the scholar wang li: 中国语言学家、诗人。字了一。广西壮族自治区博白县人 I understand both sentences before and after 字了一, but i am clueless what this ...
6
votes
6answers
852 views

How do you say “I know that I don't know”?

How would I translate ""I know that I don't know" into Chinese? I can translate the similar sentence "I know that you don't know" as 我知道你不知道. However, saying 我知道我不知道 sounds strange. What's the best ...
-1
votes
4answers
95 views

Has anyone used ChineseSkill here?

Has anyone used ChineseSkill here? This is the best app I've seen so far for learning chinese . But why am I wrong here?
1
vote
1answer
34 views

What Chinese characters are rare in modern but common in classical Chinese?

I browsed randomly through texts written in classical Chinese, and I noticed there were a lot of Chinese characters that were frequent in classical Chinese but never or rarely being present in modern ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

What should one pay attention to when translating english sentences containing adverbials into chinese?

What advice for translation could you give in this context, how would you translate the following sentences containing adverbials: I will go to military-school soon. I will go to military-school ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Modern diction and grammar reference

I need a reference, a good text. I want to have modern diction and grammar in mandarin. What would you recommend. My skill set at this point is low. I actually really prefer software.
2
votes
2answers
32 views

What is the translation of 托业考试必备 ?

I ve looked up the words: 托 = to entrust (only one possible meaning, i do not know which one makes sense) 业 = enterprise 考试 = test 必备 = essential I can make no sense of this sentence, i even can ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

What grammatical features are very typical for Chinese in comparision with other languages?

Every language is a set of different features. Some features are shared by different genetically unrelated languages. For instance the syntax pattern S V O is shared by english and chinese language. ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

What is the meaning behind 5000 万 袋住先 7689!@#?

On a poster referring to the umbrella protests in hong kong is a chinese politician depicted in the way of the picture "the scream" by edward munch, next to him is a humanoid banana with googles ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Can 去 be used as a 介词(Preposition)?

I don't think 去 in the example below is necessary since 走 already implies, "go", unless the 去 in used as a 介词(preposition). 去故宫(我)怎么走? How should I go to 故宫? I also do not think that that ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Why is “這麼些” at the end of the sentence, “開會的人來了這麼些” ? Is it a quantity complement?

I got it from a textbook awhile reading about demonstrative pronouns. The textbook translate the sentence as "So many people have come to attend the meeting." Can someone explain why "這麼些" isn't at ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

What is the order of different prepositional phrases?

Chinese Syntax is: S V O there are different prepositional phrases, for instance: p.p. that express a place, time, objective, mean ... How do i know the proper order of the different prepositional ...
5
votes
6answers
1k views

What does the `里` mean in `这些狗里有一只穿红色的毛衣`?

In the following sentence: 这些狗里有一只穿红色的毛衣 What does the 里 mean? I think the sentence means something like The dogs wear red sweaters. But why does it require 里 there and what meaning does it add? ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What are the rules for nested sentences?

A simple sentence in Chinese looks syntactially like this: S t p V O. S(ubject),V(erb),O(bject),t(imephrase),p(lacephrase). How do i put a further sentence in another sentence?
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Is there a “better” translation for “你我还没完呢”? Why is it “你我” without a possible “和”? And please can anyone confirm the function of “呢” in this one?

I was watching an American TV show with Chinese subtitles on. There was a scene where a character said, "You haven't seen the last of me, Ms.Ellison.", and the Chinese subtitle for it was,"你我还没完呢 ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

What is the word in majiang equivalent to suits in cards?

With playing cards with French faces, ♣♠♥♦ are collectively called suits in English, Farben ("colours") in German. With majiang tiles, what is the collective noun in Chinese for 饼、条、万, a property of ...
0
votes
7answers
131 views

What does 爽 mean? [on hold]

What are the original and modern usages of this character/word?
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

What is the difference between chinese sentence structure and chinese sentence pattern?

The words seem to denote the same thing at first, but they seem to differ dramatically in what they express.
1
vote
3answers
75 views

What is the grammatical analysis of 信得过?

信 = to believe. 得过 = ??? Is this construction a sentence, a phrase, a verbalphrase or maybe sth. different?
0
votes
2answers
132 views

is google correct translate for me?

i have translated these 5 sentences with help of google translator is these are correct? Hello from XYZ! {0} Your verification code is {1} = 你好从XYZ! {0}您的验证码是 {1}。 This link of ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Expressing numbers in scientific notation

I assume that scientific discussion in Chinese uses scientific notation, such as 5×1012. How would I read such a number aloud? I looked at the rules for saying numbers, as well as the Wikipedia ...
3
votes
1answer
372 views

What is the meaning of 當 and 自強 in 男兒當自強?

男兒當自強 is the title of the main theme in wong feihong, i was told its translation is "a man has to stand one's ground", i do not know how verbatim this translation is. 男兒 is man, 自強 is either "his ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Help translate these two sentences with 也未必 and 更何况

有时就连你的父亲也未必信得过,更何况是陌生人。 有时连陌生人你也可以相信,更何况是你的父亲。 The challenging parts for me are 也未必 and 连…更何况. Thanks in advance.
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What are some profanity words in classical chinese?

It is easy to find profanity words for modern chinese, but i could not find any profanity words for classical chinese. Even such simple ones as "to fuck". Please help to promote this knowledge.
2
votes
4answers
99 views

Which non-sinitic languages contributed to the wordstock of common chinese words before 1800?

I am not interested in modern words like telephone, aeroplane, but words that were incorporated into the more frequent used part of the vocabulary from languages different than sinitic.
0
votes
2answers
81 views

welcoming a chinese delegation

My girlfriend has to welcome and accompany a chinese delegation from different governmental institutions and companies, she wants to know if there are any common phrases for welcoming these guests in ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

What is a very comprehensive syntax structure?

the syntax is S V O, one can expand this to include phrases about time and place: S t p V O. What else can be this SVO structure expanded with? How would a maximal structure look like that ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

What are common adverbs in classical Chinese?

As far as i know, adverbs in classical chinese are put right in front of the verb, whereas in English their position is quiet freely. for instance: 並食 = to eat sitting next to each other 尽食 = to ...
1
vote
4answers
127 views

How to translate: 我发音得不太准

我发音得不太准. - Is it translates as "My pronunciation is the best/exact?" What is the meaning of 准? Is it depends on the context?
1
vote
3answers
118 views

What does 功亏一篑 mean and its origin?

What does 功亏一貫 mean in English and its origin? And what does 貫 mean?
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Online resources for meanings and examples of radicals in simplified Chinese

I've done a brief search through CSE, but found nothing too helpful. Are there any online resources that explain the meaning of the radicals followed by some examples in simplified Chinese?
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What is the function of 乃 in 子甫至乃去乎 ?

i understand: 子甫至 - you just arrived a moment ago. 去 - go. 乎 - character that makes the sentence a question. What is the role of 乃 in this sentence?
1
vote
1answer
104 views

What is the average number of words necessary to read classical chinese?

I heard classical chinese had a limited amount of vocabularies compared to modern chinese. How many words one has to learn in order to acquire average reading abilities, disregarding the grammar ?
2
votes
1answer
92 views

The concept of presumptuousness

Is there any word or short phrase in Chinese that expresses the concept of 'presumptuous' as in 'arrogantly making assumptions about the beliefs or preferences of another person without regard to the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

What is the meaning and usage of 于之 and its contraction 焉 in classical chinese?

i ve read 于 was a preposition, but there were many unrelated translations for it,之 is as far as i know an objectpronoun like for instance him,her,them but can also mean sth. different. How is this ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Old Mandarin vs. Mandarin Chinese?

How intelligible is Old Mandarin to the speakers of Mandarin Chinese? If an Old Mandarin Chinese speaker heard a Mandarin Chinese speaker or vice versa, how fluent would the communication be?
0
votes
3answers
34 views

Through which processes became words in classical chinese that tautological?

There are a lot of different words for many concepts in classical chinese, for instance for the personal pronouns. Due to which circumstances could this happen?
0
votes
1answer
63 views

What is an equivalent of the acronyme G.I.L.F. ? [on hold]

G.I.L.F. as it stands fro Granny I would like to fuck.
0
votes
3answers
59 views
8
votes
7answers
1k views

What software can correct pronunciation?

What software is available which can record my voice and warn me about problems with my pronunciation and tones?
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Why does the `请` take two duplicate words on its verb occasionally (e.g. `请洗洗你的袜子`)

I've read these sentences in my Rosetta Stone courses: 请洗洗你的袜子 请洗一下楼梯 However, why does the first sentence use two 洗 consecutively before taking the object? Also, how can I tell when to use one ...
4
votes
4answers
198 views

How to use 仿佛 properly?

To give context, this is the sentence: 永远不能忘记的是北京,因为我在那里住的太久了,仿佛树生了根一样。 I am not sure how to render the last bit. I'm guessing it's saying: As if I am a tree, the roots are the same as my ...

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