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In classical Chinese, most of the words only have one character, for example, "目", "口", "道" (道路, road), "卒" (士兵, soldier)... One of the big differences between classical Chinese and modern Chinese is that in modern Chinese, most of the one-character words are replaced by words with lots of characters (usually 2). So both "目" and "口" are not used in spoken ...
As a quick look at any dictionary will reveal 目 has to be considered a bound morpheme （规范词素、附着词素、粘著语素），i。e。it only occurs in fixed combinations with other morphemes, it cannot be used alone, by itself to mean eye. As bound morpheme it certainly is not archaic.
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