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The etymology of 局 1st interpretation 促也。从口在尺下,復局之。『說文解字』 促也。以㬪韵爲訓。从口在尺下復局之。尺所以指厈規榘事也。口在尺下。三緘其口之意。『說文解字注』 Upper part of 局 represents 尺 (ruler), alluding to rules and canons. Lower (inside) part of 局 represents 口 (mouth), alluding to unbounded freedom. 口 (mouth) is under (inside) 尺 (ruler): 局 implies a sense of constraint. 2nd interpretation ...


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Regulated verse is indeed used by some poetic societies in the New Culture Movement. Among them Crescent Moon Society is a prominent one.


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for reference in traditional chinese, you may consider the book "經詞衍釋", ISBN: 7101041639 it explains nearly all particles in literary chinese. or, try the site "Multi-function Chinese Character Database" http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/lexi-mf/ :)


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The best reference in English is probably Pulleyblank's Outline of Classical Chinese Grammar. I don't think it is available in a digital version though, so you'll have to look up a print version.



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