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I think there are mainly three cases for 的 in Chinese: Suffix to make personal pronoun E.G. 我的,mine or my, it's placed behind 我, that is I, to make 我的, that is MY or MINE. Similar case like 他的 for his,她的 for her, 我们的 for ours. As a modal It means nothing but emphasize the feeling or state. E.G 好的 good,不是的 not at all,特别的 special. As connection word between ...


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不 is the negative prefix for a verb and adjective, here are some examples: 不对,not right; 不好,not good; 不错,not bad; 你想去购物吗?不去.Do you want to go shopping? No,I don't; However 没 is focused on existence or ownership, for example: 没有,I don't have it. 从没发生过,This never happens before. 这里没有人, No one is here. 我没钱, I don't have money. I hope you are clear now!


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I think you should probably look it up in a dictionary. Foreign learners won't remember, and native speakers can't make a list, native language is almost an instinct, we won't remember every usages.



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