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23

The usage of “的” is in possessive or adjectival context. E.g., (posessive) “我的狗”, or (adjectival) “真正的生意人”. Generally a noun is modified, so a noun follows it, unless it doesn't, such as “有点儿不足是难免的”, (some insufficiency is unavoidable) which is still an adjectival modifier (unavoidable), even though it modifies the noun (insufficiency) in front of it. “地” ...


15

Very good question. 还是 is usually used in asking questions. For example: 你想去北京还是上海呢? = Did you want to go to Beijing or Shanghai? 这是橙子还是橘子? = Is this orange or mandarin? 或者 is usually used in declarative sentence. For example: 我想去北京或者上海. = I wanted to go to Beijing or Shanghai. 你可以叫我小王或者老王. = You can call me Xiao Wang or Lao Wang.


13

Usually 了 is used to indicate past tense (or the completion of). Such as: 我吃了 了 is added to the end of the sentence that change the statement to past tense. You can add 过 before 了 to add emphasis. E.g., 我吃了 (I ate) vs. 我吃过了 (I have (already) eaten.) but 了 may be used for different reasons, some of which have nothing to do with past tense. ...


13

The first expression is usually used when the speaker has a feeling that the other person had done something, so he's making a guess, while the second could be either a simple question or suggestion. In the first case, 你是不是吃蛋糕了? can be used when the speaker noticed a cream stain on the other person's shirt or something like that. The speaker is ...


12

Yes. 中 can be used to express that something happened of didn't happen within a certain scope or range or just within something (《现代汉语词典》: 范围内;内部). The range doesn't need to be a time range, but it can be. Furthermore, it can also refer to the future. So you can say: 他预言战争将在下几年中爆发: He predicted that war would break out in the next few years. 年中 在最近若干年中: In ...


12

该 is the formal equivalent of the word aforementioned or said: 该公司 - the said company 该法案 - the aforementioned legislation It is usually found in text to refer back to something that was mentioned previously. Informally, you can also use 那. Here is the meaning from 汉典: 那,著重指出前面說過的人或事物:~地。~書。


11

It's 50 000 or 50,000, the same as international standard. Reference: 出版物上数字用法的规定 (General rules for writing numerals in publications) 8 多位整数与小数: 8 Multidigit integers and decimals: 8.1 阿拉伯数字书写的多位整数和小数的分节 8.1 Segmentations for multidigit integers and decimals written in Arabic numerals 8.1.1 ...


11

一定 either introduces an INFERENCE, which is very likely to be true (as in the context of the given sentence), or shows a strong intention (in other contexts). On the other hand, 当然, equivalent to the English 'of course', indicates an inevitable consequence that the speaker KNOWS to be true. In this sentence, since the speaker is talking about himself, he ...


10

There are a few differences between those three words: "以及" can only connect phrases,not words. The phrases after "以及" is commonly considered to secondary. "与" and "和" are used to express the relationship. "与" is more elegant than "和". such as "老人与海". "和" is mostly used in oral form. In some cases,"和" and "与" are somewhat interchangeable, such as ...


10

"的" in this case means "certainly", "really", "I am sure that..." as the conclusion says in your question. For me, such sentences are the same. 我会去看他的。 我一定会去看他。 You can say "我一定会去看他的". The mood sounds stronger (I think it's not much stronger), but I can't tell you how strong it is (this is a natural language, not math). I would use this when I want ...


9

There's no negative connotation, at all. 条 and 只 are used interchangeably in today's Chinese, not just specific to a region. Long ago, 头(頭)were used as a quantifier for dogs or other farm animals. I suspect "head" was dropped because dogs do not have stocky builds as other animals(pigs, donkeys, bulls etc). Also "头" tends to associate "dumb animals" and ...


9

被 + verb = passive form 根除 = eradicate 被根除 = be eradicated Some verbs have active form with passive meaning. 根除 is one of them. So it's fine to remove 被 from this sentence. (These verbs are very similar to ergative verbs in English but mainstream Chinese grammar doesn't interpret them as ergative verbs.)


9

I've been taught, however, that in Chinese, every noun has one and only one correct measure word associated to it, and in particular, you can't make the analogous distinction between the two cases in Chinese. This is completely wrong. Measure words in Chinese do carry meaning, just like in English. Using the wine example, all the following are ...


9

I am pretty sure that you have the second to last character wrong. It makes much more sense as 件 (item). Also, 折 should be read as zhé in this context. The character has a large number of meanings, but in this context it means discount (and the single digit numbers preceding it count by 10%; this is a common idiomatic construction for expressing ...


8

可以 means I can do it, but may I? For example 我可以开车吗? May I drive? (Have the implication of I want to drive) 我可以开车 I can drive (have the implication of I can, but I don't want to (unwilling to do so)) 会 means I am able to, or I know how to do it For example 你会开车吗? Can you drive? (Are you able to drive? Do you know how to drive? Or even Do ...


8

Here's a trick my Chinese teacher told me (and it rhymes!): 动前“土”,名前“白”,动形中间“双人”来。 Use 地 (土字旁) before verbs, 的 (白字旁) after nouns, and 得 (双人旁) between a verb and an adverb. Example: 可爱的小妹妹正在快乐地拍皮球,笑得像花儿一样。 You can practice here. Advanced 的得地 speakers are very welcome to take this challenge. Hope this helps!


8

I'm not sure if you are familiar with 的时候 but this translates approximately to 'while'. So the sentence reads: While I was eating I read a book. You can see the English use "I" twice, so it may make more sense to you if you read it like this: 我吃饭的时候(我)看了一本书


8

So who came up with those common name translations at first place? Those common name translations are known as 音译 or transcription. In Chinese, transcription is known as yīnyì (simplified Chinese: 音译; traditional Chinese: 音譯) or yìmíng (simplified Chinese: 译名; traditional Chinese: 譯名). While it is common to see foreign names left in their original forms ...


8

Overall both translations are fine and fluent, with some small issues below: Grammatical/Syntactic issues: I think there is only one issue, in (2) 我们想酒保因为要省钱的. Either use 要省钱 as verb (i.e. remove 的), or use 要省钱的 as adjective (i.e. add 是 before 要). Semantic issues: In (1), margarita mix is translated into 玛格丽特混合物. In Chinese, people don't refer food/drink ...


8

所...的 and ...的 are different. Function of ...的 As you have already known, ...的 can construct adjective clause. (我喜欢)+的+东西 (subject + verb) + 的 + noun = noun + which + subject + verb And in Chinese, the noun can be omitted in a clear context. In this case, ……的 constructs a noun clause. 我喜欢的(人)是你。 Who I like is you. (subject + verb) + 的 ...


8

I think Chinese textbooks should start their 了 sections with this: 了 is not about time. 了 is not about tense. Goto 1. You are only concerned with 了 as an the aspect marker, aka completed action 了, or perfect aspect 了, so: "昨天去商店" and "昨天去了商店" are both valid verb phrases. The second one explicitly states that the action was completed, whereas the first ...


8

The problem is not whether Chinese allows two question words in one sentence, it's that 什么 has multiple meanings. It can variously mean any, anything, whatever. In the example "你有什么安排吗", 什么 means "any", as in "Do you have any plans?" This is a very similar question to "do you have plans?", which is what "你有安排吗" is. By contrast, in the question "你有什么安排?", ...


7

There is no strict rule, it's more like a convention. English uses similar measure words too. For example, you say "A bow of rice" = 一 碗 米, or "A pair of glasses" = 一 副 眼镜. Here is a very useful Wikipedia article that outlines the measure words in Chinese. You can use 个 in most case, but it would be a bit weird in some cases. For example, you would say 一 杯 ...


7

Here has been my (I think successful) strategy: Use measure words for mass nouns accurately. This is exactly like English: 一杯水 = a cup of water 一瓶可乐 = a bottle of cola 一斤青菜 = a half-kilo of cabbage You really have to use these in all languages, because you can refer to really different quantities depending on the measure word (a tank of ...


7

You can use 完 and 了 together or separately. 了 is usually used to indicate the completion of an action. E.g. 你买了好多东西 (You purchased a lot of stuff). See the question "Tense and use of 了" to learn more. 完 is used to indicate the action of completing/finishing something. E.g. "說話沒完的人" (a motormouth, someone who talks to no end). Usually it's verb + 完. 完了 ...


7

I think you are close. Basically: 知道 = to know 我知道 = I know 我知道的 = What I know 就 = Just 這麼多 = this much 就這麼多了 = Just this much I personally wouldn't translate this as "Beyond this I know nothing." It would be closer to "What I know is just this much", however I would translate it as "I only know this much". I don't see where this sentence would ...


7

This is a classic example of a topic-comment construction that is prevalent in Chinese. In this case, 面熟 is not serving as an adjective to the noun, but rather as a comment on the topic. 常常看着一个人 ("often seeing a person") is the topic 面熟却叫不出名字来 ("[he's] familiar, yet [I] can't come up with [his] name") is the comment. All adjectives in Chinese can ...


7

不可, in the context of your question, is short for 不可以, which means "can't", not "don't". 不可吃 means "can't eat", perhaps it is inedible or passed expiry date. 不要 and 别 both mean "don't", but 不要 is stronger and more instructive than 别, example: 公共场所,请不要喧哗 (please don't make loud noises in public spaces) 不要 can be placed at the end of a sentence to mean ...


7

'Dates back to' is usually translated into '追溯到', which literally means 'trace back to'. When used in a sentence, people usually add 可以 (can/may) or 要 (have to) before 追溯到, for example: 这个城堡要追溯到罗马时代。 (The history of) this castle dates back to Roman times. 这个家族的历史可以追溯到十七世纪。This family can trace its history back to the 17th century.



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