Hot answers tagged ime
I will elaborate on my comment above, as you wished. The main reason for this behavior of your IME software is that it is configured to make guesses about what you want to type. Since there are so many Chinese characters with the same pinyin initials and finals, it has to. But it also tries to save you from typing, so that you don't have to type out long ...
The basis of 那儿 is from spoken language, and the addition of the 儿 is an example of a phonetic element in Chinese language. The "er" is an approximation of the sound, and is similar in meaning and use to 那里。
At least on Windows 7 you can configure the New Phonetic IME to not require tones, although you will still need to press the space bar to separate characters. Go to Control Panel - Region and Language - Keyboards and Languages - Change Keyboards Choose the New Phonetic IME and click Properties On the Advanced tab, switch the "Toneless" option to ON
Google's Pinyin IME allows you to switch between simplified and traditional characters. https://www.google.com/intl/zh-CN/ime/pinyin/
This has very little to do with grammar. It is more likely making logical word associations. I have no idea what Cangjie is or how it works － but if you take out an iPhone or iPad or any iDevice and type in xin you can repeat the process that you just did in MacOS, i.e.: 心-->情-->舒暢 (these being the top recommended choices). Wikipedia talks about this here: ...
You can try the Cantonese Phonetic IME at http://cpime.hk/. I don't know about specific support for Windows 8.1, but it works on prior versions of Windows.
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