New answers tagged pinyin
Even if the pronunce is "ü", the pinyin is always "u" after: "j" "q" "x". There's a (cruel!) mnemonic doggerel for this rule: 小淘气 (xiǎo táoqì) "the little brats" 见了鱼眼 (jiàn le yǔyǎn) "saw the eyes of a fish" 就挖去 (jiù wā qù) "and took them out"
I had a student in Taiwan who was blind, so I've had a chance to work with this. There are articles on Chinese Braille in both the English and Chinese Wikipedias if you haven't read them yet. It is a spelling (phonetic) method, not character based. Blind Chinese students are not taught regular character forms. Braille in Taiwan is basically zhuyinfuhao; ...
You can install ibus and ibus-pinyin (there's also google pinyin but I personally prefer ibus-pinyin) or scim. Scim is more the historical software, but ibus is definitely better. You will probably have to restart (!), but then there's about no configuration: at most, you learn the shortcuts to switch between input methods.
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