New answers tagged pronunciation
I had a second (tenth?) listen, and extracted the sound to an mp3. Then I put this through Praat. I noticed something interesting: This is the first occurrence of 來, around 72 seconds in: 齐家吃开晓来称赞 This is the second occurrence of 來, around 121 seconds in: 明星或歌星日日来帮衬 The first one is definitely [lɔi], whereas the second one is definitely [lei], and ...
Just adding a bit. We also use respective Japanese pronunciations when we introduce ourselves in Japan....unless your name contains something really weird.
You're right. Chinese people read Kanji using their Chinese pronunciations. For Chinese people who don't speak Japanese, they have probably only learned 'tokyo' from the English word and they don't have a clue what 'akihabara' is. The same applies to nouns, proper nouns and names.
My mothertongue teacher suggested the following "Pinyin false friends list". She spoke about the "7+3+5" false friends: The 7 are z c s zh ch sh r, after which i is pronounced, she said, as "silence"; this, as I said in a comment, equates to either always /ɨ/ or, more accurately, a trailing syllabic voiced fricative, i.e. zi ci si zhi chi shi ri = /tsz̩ ...
for x, put your tongue towards your bottom teeth. for sh, put your tongue towards your top teeth
x: keep your mouth in the position of [i] and send out a breath like you do with [s]. sh: keep your mouth in the position of /r/ (as in right) and send out that [s]-like breath.
If it helps you get started, think of x as "sy". The s is a little bit hissy. As for "sh" your mouth should feel almost the same as when you make an English "ch" sound, but obviously without your tongue involved, so you make the "sh" sound instead. If, in the process, you produce a hint of a whistle through your teeth, even better. So 杀 "shā" sounds like ...
Looks like the answer to my question: The audio from the second link is better that the first http://lost-theory.org/chinese/phonetics/ http://www.uvm.edu/~chinese/pinyin.htm And this one is of better quality: https://chinese.yabla.com/chinese-pinyin-chart.php
A combination of things worked pretty well for me. As early as possible, download "Chinese Lite" phone app. It's free and 6 categories of basic words, phrases, questions and answers are free, including "General Conversation," "Numbers," Directions & Places," "Transportation," and "Eating Out." At first, it will seem that the speaker talks way too fast, ...
There are several books that are aimed at travellers with a short time to learn some basic words before they travel. I'm pretty sure I used a book called, I Can Read That before my second trip to China, and it had things like the characters for man 男 and woman 女 so you can find the right toilet. My big triumph on that trip was that I read a sign that said ...
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