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I think most of these verb+的 noun are all following a law that the verb must be a transitive verb. 吃的 喝的 means something can be eaten or drunk However for intransitive verbs, they are not able to construct verb+的 nouns, for the reason that there are no passive structures. 洗澡的 is a really strange usage. Though it can be used as a transitive verb, the ...


姓 is follow with father, 名 sometime comes with two parts: one is seniority in the family(only one word. means 辈分) and one is given by parent. 字 is like a adult name. might be given by your parent or your teacher or others. In Chinese Culture, only older can call your name and it is very rude to call others name directly. you have to call their 字. for ...

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