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Simply put. There is always S V O structure in Chinese. In this case, 这(this) is the S, 是(is) is the V, 你第一次来中国 (your first time coming to China) is the object phrase. PS 你第一次来中国 = 你的第一次来中国. (The 的 in the first sentence got dropped)


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这是你第一次来中国吗? means Is this your first time in China? I wouldn't consider this a noun phrase at all... 第一次 as a whole is an adverb. 来 is your verb. Everything else is pretty self-explanatory and you seem to understand the other parts of the sentence. In fact you can use 这是你第一次 as a set phrase to ask is this your first time xxx while just adding xxx at the ...



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