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Sentence structure does not change based on whether you use pinyin or characters. The basic sentence structure is subject-verb-object, with any attributes going before the corresponding sentence part: Kouke de nimen man-man de he dian shenme? The thirsty you slowly drink a bit of what? adjective-subject adverb-verb adjective-object There are ...


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To a native speaker, even the phrase "he shenme nimen?" makes sense, but I would say the general structure to what you are trying to say is: Subj. + Verb + 什么(What) + Sometimes optional(Noun) ? Example 1: 你(You) + 喝(Drink) + 什么(What)? In this case, you don't need to follow by a noun, because "drink" is normally water/soft drink/alchol Example 2: 你(You) + ...


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about the usage of 以﹒為﹒, have a look of 國語辭典 (in traditional chinese) the basic is 以 a 為 b (^以.為), e.g.: 以退為進 roughly: by means of (以) retreat (退), for the purpose of (為) promotion (進).



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