New answers tagged syntax
I'll add a bit more into your formula: S + time + at... + from... + with(someone) + with/using(tool) + to/for(someone) + [把(O)] + V + 了/过/着 + O + 了 + 吗/呢/吧/啊 In Chinese: 主 + 时 + 在 + 从 + 跟/和 + 用/坐 + 给 + [把(宾)] + 动 + 了/过/着 + 宾 + 了 + 吗/呢/吧/啊 That's what I've figured out so far. It might not be that accurate.
It will be much easier for me to explain it in Chinese.QAQ What are the rules to put a grammatically correct adverbial phrase together? Here are some examples. v.+adv./adv.+v. run fast 跑得快 quikly open the door 迅速地打开门 adv.+adj. very good 非常好 The same as we use in English.I think most of the rules are the same. When we use 地（adv+v）and 得（v+adv）depends on ...
in my opinion, "請客" vs. "請起客來" is similar to "do something" vs. "start doing something".
This infix -起-来 is usually considered a variation of the suffix -起来, and analysed as having an inceptive aspect, also called the inchoative aspect. The sense that it produces is "starting to do", "to begin to" etc. 起来 often interacts with 了 to form a particular viewpoint of an "accomplishment" action as having starting in the past, with the focus on the ...
for meaning change due to 起来 following verb see any dictionary e。g。HSK dictionary （汉语水平考试词典） In cases shown above verb is a 离合词 which just means that 起来 also is separated，but does not seem to change the generally valid effect of adding 起来 following verb。 起来（５）用在动词后面，表示动作完成，并有聚拢，合并在一起的意思 indicate gathering together or closing）：国家终于统一～了｜他把钱都藏～了 ...
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