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-1

I'll add a bit more into your formula: S + time + at... + from... + with(someone) + with/using(tool) + to/for(someone) + [把(O)] + V + 了/过/着 + O + 了 + 吗/呢/吧/啊 In Chinese: 主 + 时 + 在 + 从 + 跟/和 + 用/坐 + 给 + [把(宾)] + 动 + 了/过/着 + 宾 + 了 + 吗/呢/吧/啊 That's what I've figured out so far. It might not be that accurate.


0

It will be much easier for me to explain it in Chinese.QAQ What are the rules to put a grammatically correct adverbial phrase together? Here are some examples. v.+adv./adv.+v. run fast 跑得快 quikly open the door 迅速地打开门 adv.+adj. very good 非常好 The same as we use in English.I think most of the rules are the same. When we use 地(adv+v)and 得(v+adv)depends on ...


0

in my opinion, "請客" vs. "請起客來" is similar to "do something" vs. "start doing something".


5

This infix -起-来 is usually considered a variation of the suffix -起来, and analysed as having an inceptive aspect, also called the inchoative aspect. The sense that it produces is "starting to do", "to begin to" etc. 起来 often interacts with 了 to form a particular viewpoint of an "accomplishment" action as having starting in the past, with the focus on the ...


5

for meaning change due to 起来 following verb see any dictionary e。g。HSK dictionary (汉语水平考试词典) In cases shown above verb is a 离合词 which just means that 起来 also is separated,but does not seem to change the generally valid effect of adding 起来 following verb。 起来(5)用在动词后面,表示动作完成,并有聚拢,合并在一起的意思 indicate gathering together or closing):国家终于统一~了|他把钱都藏~了 ...



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