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男子汉 means a manly guy, a strong man, or a courageous fighter. The grammar doesn't seem natural in Chinese. It actually originated in a foreign language and borrowed to Chinese. Here is some text about its origin: ...


汉 has different meanings in these phrases. In 汉奸,汉 stands for the ethnicity (or probably the nationality), but in 男子汉 and 女汉子,汉 or 汉子 means masculinity. I am not sure of the relation between these two meanings, but they are surely different.


Can you apply 男子汉 and 女汉子 to non-Chinese? Yes. Originally the 汉 in those words mean 'man of Han dynasty', however, today that connotation is completely gone. You can apply these words on people with any nationality or ethnicity.


Sure, look at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SA9Dr7M2hlc for an example, Mongolian 乌兰托娅 singing about 汉子. While 汉 is the dominant ethnicity, in general it just means man.


Tzu的回答不是很准确,现代汉语中经常把意思相近的字组合一起作为一个词语,表达近似的意思,属于词法中的“联合结构”。古代汉语中“觉”和“察”是有区别的,但以此来解释现代汉语是不妥当的,事实上,这两个词是同义词,基本可以通用。 我是一个汉语言文学专业的中国人,不小心来到这里,大家关照。

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