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11

Thinking of the literal translation helps. 整 is 'entire, whole'. 个 is a widely applicable singular measure word, hence 'unit'. So 整个 is, literally, 'the whole unit (of), the entirety (of)', as opposed to 'a proportion (of)'. 我整个身体都不舒服。My whole body feels sick. However, I don't think 'whether the object is having parts or not' matters for applying 整个 ...


10

There are some differences between these two words. > “着急” Used as an adjective: 1. Something emergent happens (in other words, something horrible or fatal is very likely going to happen), and you feel upset. For example, when you lost your kids or you're going to be late for your work. Example 一位母亲因为找不到她的孩子而非常着急。(Can't use "担心") A ...


9

When you use "临时", your point is "wasn't part of the plan". When you use "及时", your point is "rapidly/promptly". So if you replacing "好象是临时决定的" with "好象是及时决定的", it also works but the point will become to "They made the decision promptly" from "They made the decision that wasn't the part of the plan (of the meeting)". Of cource "临时" has other meanings, ...


8

所...的 and ...的 are different. Function of ...的 As you have already known, ...的 can construct adjective clause. (我喜欢)+的+东西 (subject + verb) + 的 + noun = noun + which + subject + verb And in Chinese, the noun can be omitted in a clear context. In this case, ……的 constructs a noun clause. 我喜欢的(人)是你。 Who I like is you. (subject + verb) + 的 ...


8

Both A也好, B也好 and A也罢, B也罢 construction mean "whether A or B". It is usually spoken to show indifference when faced with two options or when the choice really doesn't matter. The explanation from 汉典 says the following: A也好, B也好 表示不论这样还是那样都不是条件 Example: 插秧也好,收割也好,都不要误了农时。 A也罢, B也罢 表示不以所列举的情况为条件 Example: 运砖也罢,整地也罢,保证超额完成任务。 When used together, ...


8

"大衣" usually refers to a specific type of garment, it should be longer and more formal, something you will certainly take off when you stay indoors. No one would call a tracksuit top("运动外套") "大衣", but you can definitely call it "外套" or "外衣". I think a better translation for "大衣" is "overcoat" or "topcoat". "外套" and "外衣" are pretty much the same, if ...


8

Stepping in for my Chinese to Australian translations: Also a couple of other phrases that are good to keep in your toolkit Thank you 谢谢 Xièxiè Is the most basic and common way of saying thank you Australian Translation: Cheers Thanks 谢谢你 Xièxiè nǐ This is a more sincere or formal way of saying thank you Australian Translation: Thank you Thanks Heaps ...


8

Their meanings are somewhat different. In a few situations, they are interchangeable, but there are many others where you can only use one and not the other. The key difference is that 呗 is much more assertive, even rhetorical, whereas 吧 can be used to express doubt or uncertainty as well. For completeness I'll cover them all. Definitions taken from ...


7

不可, in the context of your question, is short for 不可以, which means "can't", not "don't". 不可吃 means "can't eat", perhaps it is inedible or passed expiry date. 不要 and 别 both mean "don't", but 不要 is stronger and more instructive than 别, example: 公共场所,请不要喧哗 (please don't make loud noises in public spaces) 不要 can be placed at the end of a sentence to mean ...


7

马铃薯 (commonly known as 土豆 in Northeastern China) is the general term for potato. (炸/马铃)薯条 is commonly understood as French fries (hot chips). By default, both 炸 and 马铃 are redundant. 土豆条 and 炸土豆条 are the less common terms for French fries. Other related terms: 薯片 - potato chips / potato crisps / packet chips 薯泥 - mashed potato 薯餅 - hash brown 烤马铃薯 - ...


7

I am a Chinese. 新 means new and 生 means unfamiliar. In your daily study, a word you first see could be either 新词 (new word) or 生词 (unfamiliar word) to you. However, in public articles, 新词 usually stand for newly made word (ABSOLUTELY NEW TO EVERYONE), and 生词 stand for unfamiliar word (RELATIVELY NEW TO SOMEONE). Hope this helps.


7

冬季 is more formal than 冬天. When used to refer to the season itself, the former is more commonly found in literature, the latter in vernacular. However, when used to refer to something of that season, i.e. in a noun phrase, the 冬季 form is almost always used. For examples, "winter fashion" is 冬季服装, "Winter Olympics" is 冬季奥运会*. You would never use 冬天 for ...


6

Firstly, you are correct... both can be used at the end of a sentence, but they do not have the same meanings. 吗 ma = question particle 吧 ba = suggestive particle Here's some examples: 你还好吗?(Nǐ hái hǎo ma) Are you okay? 你还好吧。(Nǐ hái hǎo ba) Come on, you're okay, right? (suggesting that they're okay) Or, In many cases 吧 is in response to 吗: Person ...


6

Here are loose translations: 好的 = alright! 好吧 = okay, fine... (Kind of like... going along with it) 好啊 = sure! (As Wendy said... a bit more of an upbeat tone) 好 = Okay. 行 = Sure. I guess that works 恩 = Colloquial form of grunting in agreement... kind of like a verbal nod of approval 可以/可以啊 = I can/Sure! Or, if you agree with what someone said... You ...


6

The counterpart of 老太太 could be 老先生. It has a sense of showing respect. You can also say 老奶奶 (female) and 老爷爷 (male), which is more neutral. Personally I feel 老头 is impolite, especially when combined with "一个" as in "一个老头". I'd rather use 老人 to say 我今天看到一个老人在喂鸽子, of course, this doesn't imply the gender of the old person. 老头子 is more commonly found in how ...


6

The character 分 has two different readings. As fen1, it has a range of meanings. As fen4, it can mean a role or part played by a person, a more general part or portion of something, or a component. Fen4 can also be written 份, and dictionaries I consulted from both Taiwan and the mainland don’t seem to differ here. The Far East Chinese-English Dictionary, ...


6

To understand the differences properly, you need to know what is 面 and what is 边. 面 is a face whereas 边 is an edge. An edge is like a line guiding you the direction. A face is what is facing you giving you a sense of position. 前/后面 is can be used to describe the position of something within your visual range. Whereas, 前/后边 is more appropriately used to ...


5

Yes, 觉得 expresses more of what someone thinks based on feeling. 认为 expresses more of a person's opinion based on considerations and beliefs. As such, 认为 is always stronger than 觉得 when communicating thoughts. There are cases where the two words are not interchangeable: When expressing a strong belief: 在过去,人们认为喜欢抛头露面的妇女是不守妇道的。 In the past, people ...


5

When you use 而, you are always expressing some kind of adversative meaning weaker than 但. Most of the time they can substitute each other but not 100% certain. Example 1: both are fine 这件事很难,而那件事很容易。 => This thing is difficult while that one is easy. 这件事很难,但那件事很容易。 => This thing is difficult but that one is easy. Example 2: 而 is better here ...


5

1) (对)任何事情我都没有绝对的把握. There is nothing wrong in this sentence, but it focuses on personal belief, a little bit inclining to the speaker's subjectiveness. If we want to state something that describes a general belief, which focuses more on objectiveness, then we can say: 2) (对)任何事情 我们 都没有绝对的把握. 3) (对)什么事 我们 都 不可能有 绝对的把握. Sentence 2 generalizes ...


5

"明天你都六点起床不起床?" is not a valid sentence in Chinese. If we remove 都, and make it "明天你六点起床不起床?", it is valid but a little awkward. Because we usually don't say things like "起床不起床?", "吃饭不吃饭?", "睡觉不睡觉?", "学习不学习?" etc. when asking questions. The point here is that we normally don't repeat the whole word before and after 不 in questions, instead we simplify it. ...


5

Though they are similar in significance they happen on two different dates, and therefore are not interchangeable. 七夕节 is a festival based on a very old myth. The story has many variations but simply put it tells of a young cow herder who is separated from his true love, a weaver maiden by a silver river. On the 7th day of the 7th lunar month they are ...


5

selfie n. (also selfy, pl. selfies) 自拍 n./vi. (adj. 自拍的. Also specifically 自拍照片 (selfie photo) or 自拍视频 (selfie video)) n. 这是他的自拍。 vi. 他正在自拍。 troll n. (Mainland China) 喷子 n. (Taiwan) 白目 / 白爛 / 小白 n. Note: As the Internet slang is widespread, 喷子/白目/白爛/小白 are all acceptable in Chinese regions. However, the term 小白 in ...


5

儿童乐园 is children's playground, not play equipment. The general term referring to play equipment is 游乐设施 (uncountable) or 游乐设备(countable). If you are referring to specific equipment, there are specific names for them, such as: 跷跷板 - seesaw 滑梯 - slide 猴架 - monkey bars 沙池/坑 - sandpit As for the translation of the two sentences, I would go with the ...


5

各 is more like "each". It is more frequently used when the intention is to describe some sort of individuality of some group. It is more common to see this character in describing the difference in each item in a group. Example: 各种不同的花 (many different kinds of flower) 每 is more like "every". It is used more when the intention is to describe a group's ...


5

Yes, people use ‘kuài’ in conversation, as in ‘yī qiān duō kuài’ (over 1,000 NT$). You can also add ‘qián’ to make it clear you’re talking about amounts of money: ‘wŭ shí kuài qián’ (50 NT$). You might want to use ‘(xīn) tái bì’ when changing money, as in ‘qĭng gĕi wŏ tái bì’ (please give me Taiwan dollars). I don’t know what was used in previous ...


5

As many have said the "proper" way to refer to the currency of Taiwan is 新台币 (Xīn tái bì) which is literally broken down to 新 (Xīn) = New and 台币 (tái bì) = Taiwan Dollars Old Taiwan dollars are referred to as 舊臺幣* (旧台币) (jiù tái bì) However you would only refer to them by these proper names when dealing with multiple currencies. When referring to ...


5

醡醬麵 and 炸醬麵 炸醬麵 can work as it means "noodles with fried sauce" 醡醬麵 is "noodles with extracted sauce (e.g. extracting oil)" 炸 fried (火 fire radical + phonetic 乍 zhà) 醡 extract (酉 container + 窄 narrow; from 穴 hole and 乍) Archaic character for 榨 (tool for extraction process. 木 wood used to refer to tools in this case) 醬 sauce 麵 noodles Alternatively, ...


5

Yes you can, let me first give the possible short version of the example you gave: What is your name? FULL VERSION: 你叫什么名字?/你的名字是什么?(What's your name?) SHORT VERSION 1: 你叫什么? (Here we don't usually say 叫什么? as its tone is more rude or intimidating. To make the tone softer, normally you could add 呀ya/啊ah at the end such as 叫什么呀?And it also could ...


5

They are similar in the meaning, however, not exactly the same. 其他 has a meaning of "the others", but it also has the meaning of "the rest", since this word is often used in the last when you are listing some categories, for example, "这个项目, 小王负责写代码, 小李负责 code review, 其他人去做测试." this word has the meaning in dividing the scopes. 别的 also has the meaning of ...



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