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I am prepairing to my Chinese exam and have a doubt in using of 有 in describing of things in loction. Could you please correct my word order and explain 有-Usage rules? The task for me is to translate the answer, using 有. The question:哪里有中国地图? My variant is: 他哪里有中国地图。 Or is it possible to say: 那里他又中国地图。(There, with him there is the Chinese map.)

The same problem is by: 哪儿有市场? And my variant of the answer is: 公园这儿有市场。(Here, with park there is a market/).

I would be glad to get your help! Thank you! Best wishes, Oksana

  • I'm sorry, you need to translate the answer? What does that mean? – user3306356 Jan 25 '15 at 10:37
  • Hello, yes. I have translated the answers, but am not sure in word order. – Glossary Jan 25 '15 at 10:39
  • 哪里有中国地图? is fine. 他哪里有中国地图。 is fine also. 公园这儿有市场 is okay if you are at the park when you say this. – user3306356 Jan 25 '15 at 10:42
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Locations should use 在:

市场在哪儿? / 市场在公园里。

Likewise, a means for obtaining something is sometimes required:

中国地图哪儿买的? / 中国地图在那家书店买的。

去哪儿找中国地图? / 可以在图书馆找到中国地图。

  • Thank you! Yes, I know about 在 usage, but the task in the excercise was to answer the questions using 有 in meaning (there is/there are). And with 有 usage sometimes I don't know which word order will be correct. – Glossary Jan 25 '15 at 11:15
  • Usually, 有 means more permanent existence, like in 东边有海,北边有山,西边有个琥珀,庙里有个姑娘。As for word order, Mandarin prefers SVO: 他有个女朋友。 Location is normally placed between subject and verb: 他 (subject) 在天津 (location) 有 (verb) 个 (classifier) 女朋友 (object). Location can be placed more freely, though: 在天津 (location) 他 (subject) 有 (verb) 个 (classifier) 虐朋友 (object), or 他有个女朋友在天津。 – user4452 Jan 25 '15 at 15:28
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Q: 哪里有中国地图?

A1: 他那里有中国地图。 A2: 他那儿有中国地图。

Normally, "哪里" is for question, we could use "那里" to answer the location of something.

那里他有中国地图: Incorrect order for "那里" and "他", "他那里" is fine.

有-Usage rules in your case is pretty straight forward, it normally put in-front of the object that you are mention. But for some cases, you could let your sentence starts with 有, for example, 有个中国地图在他那里 (There is a Chinese map with him.)

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