# How do I make complex comparison structures with 比?

I'm trying to understand how a complex 比 structure would be like. Specially when it comes to comparing actions I get quite lost. Could anyone check if I got the patterns right?

(I am taller than you)

A 比 B + adjective + quantity

(I am 5 centimeters taller than you)

A 比 B + adjective + intensity

(I am a lot taller than you / I am a bit taller than you)

A 比 B V 得 + adjective + intensity

(I come a lot earlier than you)

A 比 B V 得 + adjective + quantity

(I come 5 minutes earlier than you)

A (V) O 比 B V 得 + adjective or A (V) O V 得 比 B + adjective

(I study Chinese more than you)

A （V） O 比 B V 得 + adjective + intensity or A （V） O V 得 比 B + adjective + intensity

(I study Chinese a lot more than you / I study Chinese a bit more than you)

A （V） O 比 B V 得 + adjective + quantity or A （V） O V 得 比 B + adjective + quantity

(I study Chinese 4 hours more than you)

Thanks a lot!

• Mostly right except for 1. when comparing actions, the word following 得 is adverb instead of adjective; 2. 我中文比你学得多四个小时 is correct but it is more natural to say 我比你多学了四个小时的中文. Commented Mar 9, 2015 at 3:23
• A 比 B V 得 + adjective + intensity, here should be adverb following 得. Commented Mar 10, 2015 at 2:35
• You both mean "adjective with adverb characteristics", right? @NS.X. I've heard someone using that structure too, but I was a bit confused about it. May I use 多 with any verb to make that structure? 我比你多来了中国一年 (I came to China 1 year more than you) 他比你多买了一个苹果 (He bought 1 apple more than you). Besides, that structure is surely a past event, right? Could I take the 了 off and have 我比你多学四个小时的中文 (I study Chinese 4 more hours than you)? Cheers Commented Mar 10, 2015 at 13:07
• You are asking a detailed question. It is a little bit hard to explain Chinese grammar because some terminologies are not exactly its original meaning as in English. Chinese words, either single character (Zi4) or combined words, are of the same form when used as different function, say adverbs or adjectives. It is its position and relation to others that determines its type or function. This is even difficult for a Chinese language teacher to teach it as the second language. Basically, you are correct as you asked. Commented Mar 10, 2015 at 22:54
• "用听的比用读的你可以学会更多单词。" 这个很够复杂了？ chinese.stackexchange.com/a/51883/32298 Commented Jul 22, 2022 at 12:05

(A V O) 比 (B V O) (V 得 adv intensity)

Complex enough?

• Thanks for your answer! Yes, 更 and 还 do act as intensity markers (a step above in intensity). In the 得 structure can't I use 多了 and 一点儿? Commented Mar 10, 2015 at 13:13
• "我说汉语比你说汉语说得更好" 听起来怪怪的。感觉你想说 “我说汉语比你说得更好” Commented Jul 22, 2022 at 11:53

All sentences are very good.

But for adjectives, you cannot do that. 我比你高5厘米 (correct), but 我高比你5厘米 (not right). An alternative could be: 我的身高超过你5厘米. Here you do not use 比 explicitly.