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Is "我习说中文一起我的朋友" the correct way to say "I practice speaking Chinese with my friend"?

  • No, it should be 我和我的朋友练习中文。 – songyuanyao Mar 31 '15 at 2:05
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Nope. The correct statement is: (我)跟我的朋友一起练习说汉语

This is because Chinese is an SVO language, and we have:

  • 我 subject 1 (S1)
  • 跟 conjunction (&)
  • 我的朋友 subject 2 (S2)
  • 一起 adverb (A)
  • 练习 auxilliary verb (aux)
  • 说 verb (V)
  • 汉语 object (O)

Syntax: S1 & S2 A aux V O

  • I had a feeling I was wrong, thank you for the help! – Tobias Mar 30 '15 at 21:24
  • some users would question "练习 auxilliary verb (aux)",according to e。g。使用现代汉语语法,Chinese has the following 能愿动词:要、想、愿意、肯、敢、应该、应当、应、该、得(dei3)、能、能够、可以、可、准、许、得(得2)、配、值得、可能、会。 according to the usual grammars 练习 is not considered an auxiliary verb (能愿动词 or 助动词)。 – user6065 Mar 30 '15 at 22:28
  • You can also treat it as a compund verb V + V, if you will. – user4452 Mar 30 '15 at 22:40
  • 练习 of course by itself is a compound word (合成词)(in fact compound verb)of the 并列 (parallel) type combining the 2 verbs 练 and 习 with identical or similar meanings, as far as its relation to the following verb 说 is concerned,grammars would say 练习 has the verb 说 as its object,in fact 练习 appears to belong to both the 体宾动词 and the 谓宾动词 type, i。e。能带体词宾语又能带谓词宾语,you can say e。g。 练习汉语习语和名言口译技巧 and 练习空手道(examples from iciba),therefore 练习汉语 also seems possible besides 练习说汉语etc。 – user6065 Mar 31 '15 at 12:28
  • as far as S-V-O, some users would propose the following: 我(S)练习(V)说汉语(O)where O is a V-O phrase 说(V)汉语(O)cf。外国人实用汉语语法 – user6065 Apr 1 '15 at 11:04

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