5

What's the difference between 只 and 才?When should I use 只 and when 才?Can you give me some example? Thank you

  • both are adverbs (副词),grammars usually have a section titled:常用副词的用法 e。g。实用现代汉语语法。218页 二、"只"是一个表示范围的副词,它的基本作用是表示"限定",在语法上修饰它后面的动词(短语),在语义上,限定动词所表示的行为动作或其所涉及的事物的范围。(一)"只"限定动词的宾语,一般情况下,"只"总用在主语后,谓语动词前,在语义上可指向动词后面的宾语。例如:1。这学期,我们只学习汉语。2。我父母去世早,身边只有哥哥、姐姐了。3。那两个村庄只隔一条河。4。姑娘朝大刘走来了,小伙子只觉得脸上热哄哄的。"只"在语义上可以指向介词的宾语。例如:5。我只给家里写信了,没给朋友写信。6。会上,他只对这个问题发表了意见。例(5)的"只"修饰"给家里写信",语义指向是限定介词"给"的宾语"家里"。例(6)的"只"的语义指向是介词"对"的宾语"这个问题",意思是"对其他事没有发表意见"。"只"语义指向宾语的定语。例如:7。实现我们的计划,这只是一个时间问题。("只"语义指向"时间")8。老王啊,我们不能只关心青年工人的生活,那些老职工的问题也不能忽视。("只"语义指向"青年工人")。。。。 – user6065 May 24 '15 at 20:21
  • the section on 才、就 (247页)starts as follows:"就"、"才"是两个很常用的副词,可以作状语,表示时间、数量、范围,还可以表示语气和起关联作用。(一)表示时间1。"就"、"才"用在表示时间的词‌​语后,"就"表示说话人认为动作发生得早,快或用的时间少,用"才"表示说话人认为动作发生得晚、慢或用的时间多。"就"、"才"轻读。表示已然动作时,用"就"的句子末尾‌​要用"了",用"才"的句子末尾不用"了"。例如:1。演出七点半开始,他七点就到场了。(早)2。这个地区,夏天四点左右天就亮了,冬天七点左右天才亮。("就"表示"早‌​","才"表示"晚")3。这课书他念了十分钟就会背了。(用时少,记得快)这课书他念了三十分钟才会背。(用时多,记得慢)4。这课的生词他看了三遍就记住了。遍数少,记‌​得快)这课书他念了三遍才会背。(念得遍数多,记得慢)"就"、"才"都可用来表示两个接着发生的动作和事情。"就"表示两个动作时隔的时间短,"才"表示两个动作间隔的时‌​间长。例如:1。他刚生病就告诉妈妈了。他病好了,才告诉他妈妈。2。她一毕业就回国了。她毕业一个月后,才回国。"一。。。就。。。"这个格式表示两个动作紧接着发生。例‌​如:3。他很聪明,什么事一学就会。4。我以下课就去图书馆看书了。 – user6065 May 25 '15 at 21:52
  • comment #1 continued:(二)"只"限定谓语动词或动词短语,这种用法又分为三种情况:1。"只"用在谓语动词前,后边通常有一个语义相关的否定句,对前一分句的意思进行补充。例如:我问她哭什么,她只哭,什么也不说。这个句子意思是说"她"只是"哭",不回答,"什么也不说"补充"只哭"意思也是"不回答"。他打开门,只看了看,没吭一声就走了。咱们应该说得到,做得到,不能只说不做。他学习外语,只看书,不爱张嘴,自然学不好。只学得好,还不够,还要会用。那些劳保用品,我只领回来了,还没分给大家。2。句中有能愿动词,"只"用在能愿动词前,限定能愿动词及其后边的动词语。例如:他懂一点汉语,可是只会说,不会写。这些年,我也学乖了,我只想看看他,他究竟是我生的孩子。有些人只会空想,不会做事,也有些人只顾做事,不动脑筋。3。有时,前一分句用否定形式,后一分句的"只"限定一个范围,对前一分句进行补充。例如:这壶酒不够两个人喝,只够一个人喝。有的人做事情,常常不从实际出发,不调查研究,只凭自己主观愿望和想象。 – user6065 Jul 31 '15 at 12:26
  • You could post your comments as answer @user6065 – Alex Sep 10 '15 at 17:01
  • 评论的好处在于要修正时就不必须提供什么正当理由,可以删除,并用个修正的版本代替。 – user6065 Oct 10 '15 at 8:50
2

只 is equivalent to "only", a small amount. You would use it to say something like "I have only five bucks", "he's only two years old".

才 is used if you have to have a minimum amount. Examples: "you must be this tall (or taller) to ride", "you have to wait three minutes (or longer)".

  • I like the breakdown, but an example in Chinese for 只 and 才 would be nice. – Philipp Oct 13 '15 at 5:28
2

He have 3 apples, I just 1. 他有3个苹果,但我“才”1个。 他有3个苹果,但我“只有”1个。

“才” more strongly than “只”,“才”1个 means that you hope you can get more apples. “只有”1个 just says you have one, no other meaning.

0

All these explanations come from:

http://forum.wordreference.com/threads/%E6%89%8D-%E5%8F%AA-%E5%B0%B1-to-emphasise-small-amounts.1921000/

"只" If you use 只(only), that means the amount is little. It's just an objective description.

"才" ...you'll see that used in the sense of "more than expected", 才 follows the amount or time; [b] and if 才 precedes the amount or time, the amount or time has the sense of "less than expected". [a]

1.a 从这里到邮局才三分钟 (才 precedes the amount of time) 1.b 车开了三十分钟才到。(才 follows the amount of time)

2.a 我们去玩儿了两天,才花了一百块 (才 precedes the amount of money ) 2.b 我一共花了三百块才买到这个。(才 follows the amount of money)

  • And I would add for example 2b : we can also consider that 才 precedes the amount of purchased goods (这个) so the meaning is also "less goods than expected"

wordreference, same link again : 《 However, if we look at the word 只, usage is possible in the following manner: 从这里到邮局只需要三分钟 -- need to add in words like 需要, 用.// 我们去玩儿了两天,只花了一百块。》

  • more objective, less feelings . Beware , concerning the other sentences, 只买 只到 would not be correct. It's definitely 才买 才到 .

frequently used : 只有 the amount is little 只是 the level is low

  • I feel like 'budding' can also work for 才. With two meanings of 'talented' (as in budding actress) and 'only just' (as in budding plant). I came to that conclusion because the etymology of the character is a seed sprouting from the ground meaning 'to bud'. – LegendLength Oct 16 '16 at 5:50

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.