1

I have this in my text:

在绿色、环保已成为全社会共识的大背景下, 。。。

‘背景下’ says to me ‘under a background' which seems odd. I would rather locate things 'in front of' a background.

Can I change '背景下‘ for '背景前‘ or '背景前面‘ and still win the 'Impeccable Chinese Prize' ??

  • 1
    Interesting. Is it a natural way to say in front of for background in English? – songyuanyao Aug 1 '15 at 1:37
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    As Ringli pointed out below, this is a logic statement, not really a locative statement. I would translate ‘在这背景下’ with 'given this background'. The text above I would render as 'given that ecology and environmental protection are common knowledge in today's society, ...' For locative statements 'before a background of' is good. – Pedroski Aug 1 '15 at 2:09
4

No. The grammatical pattern is

在x下

which means "with x as true/under". An example would be:

在共产党的统治下,中国变强了。

So the sentence means something like (though it's kinda hard to translate this semi-literally without sounding very weird):

With a green and environmental world as the consensus background for society...

  • I know in Chinese we can say '在 blablabla 的情况下‘, just seems wierd to me to be 'under a background', not 'in front of' or 'before', because the natural opposite of 'back' is 'front'. – Pedroski Aug 1 '15 at 1:01
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    I think the correct way to think of it as "with x as a backdrop" as in with "x" in mind. – Ringil Aug 1 '15 at 1:48
  • cf。介词,常用介词的用法 in any grammar,e。g。实用现代汉语语法1。在。。。上,2。在。。。中,3。在。。。下。"在。。。下"表示条件。中间多为名词短语或有定语的双音节动词。例如:1。在舅舅的劝说下,母亲卖了部分房子和土地,供我们读中学。2。在他的带领下,全乡农民已经脱贫致富,提前实现了小康。3。我们认为在社会主义制度下,积累和消费的关系,根本上是一致的。4。这些花灯、鱼灯是在老艺人的指点下,群众业余创作出来的。5。在老师和同学们的帮助下,小明进步了。 – user6065 Aug 1 '15 at 4:51
2

No.

In Chinese, should be used for an "abstract background", such as

在全球气候变暖的背景下
在当时的社会背景下
在互联网时代背景下

And is usually used for a "concrete background", such as

办公室背景前歪着头拿着报纸的商务男士
灰色背景前的蝴蝶图片
如何在移动的背景前拍摄静态人物

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