My wife gave up trying to correct me on how to pronounce green.

I find it very hard to get a distinct sound from the word for 绿 (lü4 - green), Lu, and, Liu (as in Liu Bei). Obviously, Lu is exactly how it reads in English, but the other two are hard to get right with the tongue.

How can I pronounce this sound?


9 Answers 9


The sound represented by the ü sound in Chinese is the same as the German ü; this sound is a close front rounded vowel, the IPA is [y]; you can hear a sample in the link.

As you see in the table below in that wikipedia article, which lists the languages that possess this sound, we see both Mandarin (which uses green as the example) and German. So the sound is the same.

The best way to teach this is:

  1. Pronounce an "ee" sound, in English, like for "feel".
  2. Keep pronouncing the sound, but start rounding your lips as if you had to pronounce a "oo" sound, which is [u], a close back rounded vowel.
  3. The final sound you should get is the one of a close front rounded vowel, also written as [y].

Basically, you have the same lips position for U and Ü, but a different tongue position, the one for the [i] sound.

Look at the image below. The tongue position is different in [i] (upper-left) and [u] (upper-right).

tongue position (Source)

  • I tried the L-ee-oo thing, and it's still not right. L'ee'-'oo'. Commented Apr 20, 2012 at 20:29
  • Wait, The "liu" is not pronounced the same way. That is like "lee-ow" with the stress on "ow". Check my answer to that question. :)
    – Alenanno
    Commented Apr 20, 2012 at 20:46
  • 1
    This sound took a very long time for me to master - I guess my wife would say I still haven't really mastered it. My best English approximation would be the "Eww" sound. Commented May 14, 2012 at 11:21
  • 1
    @MichaelRobinson It depends on how many languages you can speak. If you know French or German, it won't be hard! :)
    – Alenanno
    Commented May 14, 2012 at 11:23
  • I knew only English Commented May 14, 2012 at 11:41

There seem to be 2 ways to describe the ü sound. One is the one Alenanno describes, and for example also mentioned on ChinesePod

To make the basic ü sound, make a continuous "ee" sound. As you make the sound, round your lips into the position they would need to be in to make an "oo" sound. By making the "ee" sound in your mouth with your lips in the "oo" position, you are pronouncing Mandarin's ü sound.

The other one is described in this book.

Place your tongue tip so that it touches the back of the lower front teeth. At the same time, stretch the corners of the mount towards two sides. Then draw your lips in to form a perfect circle as small as possible.

I don't agree with Alenanno about the position of the tongue. For example this book says that ü should be at the lower front teeth, not the upper front teeth as shown in the picture in Alenanno's post. Also the tongue positions in Chinese are in most cases more determined by the initials than not the finals. For example yu, qu, xu, ju have a ü proncounciation, but are both at the lower teeth. cu, su, zu have a u pronounciation, but are at upper teeth, not where it is positioned in the drawing in Alenanno's post.

In my mother tongue we also have the ü sound, and I can make it for any position of the tip of my tongue. The tip of the tongue is not important, what is important is that the shape of your tongue and lips are correct.

u on the other hand is pronounced as the oo in the English word too.

Liu is a short version for liou. So you start with pronouncing li and continue with ou (de ou of 朋友).

  • I changed my image. It was inaccurate. Maybe you should change the reference in your answer to "my drawing". :)
    – Alenanno
    Commented Apr 21, 2012 at 14:01

I used the have the exact same problem, and the solution couldn't have been more simple (worked for me anyways!):

Start to whistle. Just before you actually make a sound, freeze the position of your mouth. Now say lü.

Perfect pronunciation :)

I recognize this won't work for everyone, but I literally tried for months to get this sound right and this single-handedly did it for me.

  • There are many ways to whistle, and they mean different tongue and jaw position; I'm not sure this is the most reliable way.
    – Alenanno
    Commented Apr 22, 2012 at 21:06

I found something.

Instead of all the ee-oo stuff. I just started spouting words, until we noticed that the vowel syllable in Jew is the same exact sound.

So now I just say Jew, but with an L instead. It works.

  • Uhm, it's not quite the same thing. The IPA is [dʒuː] for Jew and [ly˥˩] for lü4. It's not the same sound.
    – Alenanno
    Commented Apr 23, 2012 at 15:33
  • There is simply no equivelant vowel in English. Commented Apr 25, 2012 at 19:19
  • IPA doesn't account for transition in mouth movements, only current position and resulting sound. If you try to pronounce Jew but with an L, you'll find the "ew" part doesn't sound the same.... Commented May 31, 2012 at 15:44
  • This is because at the end of the L sound you're mouth is in a circle shape. Commented Jul 31, 2013 at 22:05

I would start by pronouncing lu4, with a regular u. This has your tongue touching the front of the palate, just behind your front teeth.

Now pull back the tongue as far as you can, so that it touches the BACK of the palate. Your lips should become progressively rounder as you do so. This produces the lü4 sound.


Get you mouth in the shape as if you were whistling and attempt to pronounce loo and you will get it.


You can hear pronunciation examples on MDBG (See here for lv4).

I suggest a repetition drill to practice and reinforce the pronunciation, I have made one contrasting lu4 and lu4. (Note that I just downloaded the first couple of clips I could so there are probably better pronunciation examples - It is adequate but this is more to demonstrate the drill). The drill pronounces the syllable three times with a pause for you to say it once. Then once with a pause, then once with a pause again (I.e. it is a 3-1, 1-1, 1-1 drill)


Try this for pronouncing Mandarin's ü sound

1) Start from the sound of 一 (number one) or 衣 (clothing/clothes) in Chinese correctly.

Note: this Chinese sound is different from English "ee" as in Tee (letter T). For pronouncing this Chinese sound (一), you need to press tongue tip firmly against the lower incisors, and you also need to tense up the muscle under jaw (Digastric M. Anterior Belly) a little bit. Then produce the "ee" sound in English.

2) Keep pronouncing the 一 sound, round your lips to make a circle as small and tight as possible, as what you would need to do for whistling. Then you will get the Mandarin's ü sound.

When you can pronounce the ü sound correctly, you can add consonant l in front of ü. The l sound in Chinese is same as in "late" in English. Then you put the 4th tone on the syllable to make the sound of 绿 (lü4).


Try to prounce re [ri:] as in reboot, the result would be approximate lü1, then just make it lü4.

Drop a comment if anyone think this is a bad idea so we can improve.

  • 2
    These sound nothing alike to me.
    – Alf
    Commented Apr 22, 2012 at 5:27
  • @Jon I changed it to [ri:], that's the best similar pronounce I can think of (or maybe I'm a native speaker I can read it correctly no matter how). Hope it worked. (Btw, down votes doesn't matter no matter who gives.)
    – Mengdi Gao
    Commented Apr 22, 2012 at 5:49

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