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I think the following sentence has the topic-comment structure, but I'm not entirely sure if there is another grammar principle underlying it that I'm not seeing. The sentence is:

你家孩子真多!

I think the topic is 你家, with the rest being the comment. Is this right?

Thanks!

  • which grammars talk about topic-comment structure? some(e。g。"外国人实用汉语语法")talk about "sentences with an S-P Phrase as the Predicate" (主谓谓语句)主谓谓词句基本格式是:(一)主语--谓语[主谓词组:"主"--"谓"]他-身体 好。兔子-尾巴 短。这个士兵-胸部 受伤了。(二)主语--谓语[主谓词组:"主"--"谓"(及物动词)--"宾"(数量词组)]《汉语词典》-我 有 一本。这种上衣--小王 做了 一件。more complete discussion in "实用现代汉语语法"第四编 句法(中) 单句 第三节 主谓谓语句 由主谓短语作谓语的句子叫做主谓谓语句,这是汉语特有的一种句子。为了区别全句的主语、谓语和谓语中的主语、谓语,我们把前者称为大主语、大谓语,后者称为小主语、小谓语。大主语和小主语之间存在一定的关系。主谓谓语句的谓语主要是说明或者描写主语的,即主谓谓语句是一种说明或描写的句子。一、主谓谓语句中大小主语的意义关系 主谓谓语句的小主语或表示大主语所表示的事物的一部分,或表示大主语所表示的事物的属性。 – user6065 Oct 3 '15 at 7:12
  • 例如:1。他头疼,嗓子还有点儿红。2金沙江水急浪大。3这一带土地肥沃,山水秀丽。4新来的副经理年龄不大,办事能力很强。5那个房间里的一伙人,说的说,笑的笑,可热闹了。6这种汽车性能好,样子美观,价格适宜。7小王体重七十一公斤,身高一米七二。8他学习努力,工作积极。9北京的农业发展也很迅速。例1~3小主语表示的事物是大主语所表示的事物的一个组成部分;例4~7小主语表示大主语所表示的事物的某一方面特性,如年龄、性格、态度、心理状态、长(高)度、重量、体积、式样、颜色、性能、用途等等。例8,9的小主语也是从某一侧面说明大主语所表示的事物的,所不同的是小主语都是动词或动词短语充任的。再如:1新出版的《学汉字》一套三本。2这本书一页几百字?这本书一页七百多字。上述句子小主语和小谓语是数量词,小主语所表示的事物也是大主语所表示的事物的一部分。例1大主语是"新出版的《学汉字》","一套"是小主语,是大主语《学汉字》的一部分。例2大主语是"这本书",小主语是"一页",二者显然是整体和部分的关系。3A:这种型号的计算机一台多少钱?B:一台八千五百块钱。这个句子也可以说成:A:这种型号的计算机多少钱一台?:B:八千五百块钱一台。小主语与大主语所表示的事物存在部分与整体的关系。 – user6065 Oct 3 '15 at 7:12
  • cf。Chinese A Comprehensive Grammar 19 Telescopic Constructions documents.routledge-interactive.s3.amazonaws.com/… (uses the term topic-comment sentence [主谓;话题说明句] and "伸缩式结构" are there Chinese grammars of Chinese using these terms?) – user6065 Oct 3 '15 at 21:47
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It’s a topic-comment structure, but exactly what the topic is is open to interpretation.

It might be “你家”. In that case a rough English version would be:

Your home – how many children there are here!

Or it could be “你家孩子” meaning:

The children in your home – there are so many of them!

Which one to choose depends on context. If you heard this spoken, there might be intonational clues, e.g. a pause after the topic.

  • Is a comma unnecessary then with topic-comment sentences? That is, it doesn't nee to be: 你家孩子, 真多! – amorimluc Oct 4 '15 at 1:12
  • I don't think you can add a comma there. – neubau Oct 4 '15 at 1:18
  • 2nd suggestion has 你家孩子 as subject and 真多 as predicate, so it would simply be an S-P phrase, OP's identical with 1st suggestion of answer fits definition of topic-comment structure or 主谓谓语句. It may also be worth noting that iciba's 2 examples in 句库 for 你家孩子 translate both as "your child", this and examples with 的 might suggest that 你家的孩子 might be the more likely equivalent for "your children" (孩子们 ruled out b/c of 多?) – user6065 Oct 4 '15 at 8:49
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sure you could think this way, but then it would imply that for phrase like "你人真好". with 你 being topic 人真好 being comment.

  • I do think the topic in 你人真好 is 你; but the topic in 你家孩子真多 is 你家孩子 – user58955 Oct 3 '15 at 4:15

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