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I was surprised to find out about the character 餵 (wei4, 喂) because it doesn't seem to have a meaning other than an expression to answer the telephone. Since the telephone was only invented in the last hundred years or so...this must be a relatively new character. Is this accurate? If so, how was the character/sound developed?

4

喂 means feed(verb) originally besides answering telephone.

Regarding the origin of the character, according to CiYang

(1) (餵、喂是近代的“餧”字) 喂食    餵 and 喂 are modern writing of 餧
餧,饲也。——《玉篇》    餧 means feed(verb)

It's a new character derive from 餧.

P.S. The most popular usage of 喂 may be a character for answering phone. But it is also a derivative from the common usage of saying hello in a rude way. Because of this, in fact, there are many people claims that answering phone with 喂 is impolite, we'd better say 你好/您好 instead. If you call public service number like customer service hot lines, you always hear the operator answering 您好.

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Why is being used for answering the telephone in modern times seems to be a 未解之谜, one idea is that the usage might derived from French oui.

那么,是外来语的模仿吗?我们来看外国人打电话的招呼语。

英语:HELLO.Hi

日语:もしもし,(发音 moshee moshee)

法语:Allo ,oui (发音 wi)

德语: Guten Tag,Tag

俄语:Алло(发音 allo)

意大利语: Pronto? Ciao.(俏)

荷兰语:hallo

西班牙语:Aló。.Sí, diga. Dígame. Bueno. 或者aló + buenos días(早上好) 、buenas tardes(下午好)、 buenas noches(晚上好) 葡萄牙语:Aló

清朝末年可能被中国借用的语言中,只有法国的OUI发音接近喂,其他的相差十万八千里。

那么,“喂”是法语“oui”的音译吗?

电话于正式发明的第二年即1877年就进入了上海。是年1月,上海轮船招商局托西人造电话机一部,其电线由金利源栈房通至总局公务厅,这是中国人第一次使用电话。此后,电话逐步在上海推广。1881年。当时上海英商瑞记洋行在上海租界内开办华洋德律风公司,架起市内电话线路。从此中国出现了电话。

1882年,大北电报公司在上海外滩7号正式开设了第一个电话局,设置了一部人工交换机。并在租界内的马路上架设了话线杆。25家客户成为上海首批电话用户。这个电话局是中国最早的市内电话局。

是不是在电话传入的早期,上海人借用了法语的OUI来做电话里的招呼用语,一时没有确切证据,也许是这么来的吧。

中国人打电话为什么要说“喂”的考证
打电话时为什么会先说“喂”?你绝对猜不到

  • Very interesting story. If this is true, 喂 might be created at that time to reflect to "OUI", and only used for answering telephone. Then it became more and more popular and used for calling someone you don't know like in telephone communication. This is the second phase. The third phase, people might mix the 餵 and 喂 in article, so 餵 replaced by 喂 gradually. – thinwa Nov 12 '15 at 5:43
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餵 and 喂 were different characters. Both of them are so-called 形聲字, which can be roughly translated as meaning-sound character. It means that part of the character is for the meaning, and part of it is for the sound.

For 餵,食 is its 形 part, or the part for meaning, which has something to do with food, and 畏 is its 聲 part, which sounds wèi or ㄨㄟˋ. For 喂 the 聲 part is the same as that of 餵 which is why they share similar pronunciations, and its 形 (meaning) part is 口, which has something to do with the mouth.

餵 can only mean to feed or to raise (a pet); 喂 could (past tense) only mean to make some sound (to scare off). 《康熙字典》 has an entry for 喂:

《玉篇》於韋切,音威。恐也。

That's why 喂 is used for telephone answering. It can be also used to shout out to someone to raise attention, as "hey" in "Hey! You stop there right now!" The simplification of Chinese characters turn two characters into the same thing (which I consider bad ): so now 喂 can mean to feed too.

There's also an entry in 《康熙字典》 for 餧, an alternative character of 餵:

《廣韻》《集韻》《韻會》於僞切,音委。《玉篇》餧,飼也。《廣韻》餧,飯也。《說文》食牛也。《禮·月令》季春,餧獸之藥,毋出九門。《註》餧者,啗之也。藥,毒物也。《楚辭·九辯》驥不驟進而求服兮,鳳亦不貪餧而妄食。《註》謂不貪人飤己妄食也。 又《唐韻》奴罪切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》弩罪切,音鮾。《玉篇》飢也。一曰魚敗曰餧。《楚語》民之羸餧,日日已甚。《前漢·魏相傳》振乏餧。◎按餧餒古通,今相承,以餧爲餧飼之餧,以餒爲飢餒之餒,遂分爲二。

So… basically to directly answer your question, 餵 doesn't answer the phone, 喂 does and also inherit 餵's meaning of to feed or to raise pets.

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