How would you say 悲凉 in English? For example,


  • 1
    T.L. welcome to Chinese Language and Usage. :) In the future, please remember to provide some research effort when you ask for translations, as stated by our FAQ. :)
    – Alenanno
    May 21, 2012 at 14:57

2 Answers 2


悲 means sad and 凉 means cold. So you feel both sad and cold. You can translate it as desolate or dismal.

Some definitions from different dictionaries:

  • According to 《现代汉语规范词典》 悲凄 is 悲伤+凄凉 and 悲伤 means sad, sorrowful and 凄凉 means desolate, cold and lonely.

  • According to 《现代汉语词典》 悲凄 is 悲哀+凄凉 and 悲哀 means grieved, sorrowful, sad and 凄凉 means desolate, cold and lonely.

  • Comprehensive Chinese-English Dictionary has sad and cold

  • MDBG has sorrowful, dismal

I would translate your sentence as Every time he recalled his own experiences, he felt sad and cold in his heart for a while.

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    悲凉 => 悲惨,凄凉. So I think it should also represent "miserable".
    – Dante WWWW
    May 21, 2012 at 9:20
  • According to 《现代汉语规范词典》 悲 refers to 悲伤 and according to 《现代汉语词典》 it refers to 悲哀.
    – BertR
    May 21, 2012 at 9:55
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    Miserable and desolate can be used interchangeably in some cases to refer to a state of extreme sadness. Forlorn would be another word that fits the criteria. To me 悲凉 and 凄凉 are synonyms. It's essentially splitting up the word 悲凄 (sad) and combining each with 凉 (cold). May 23, 2012 at 21:31

"He shivered at the memory." ?

  • The listener is more interested in a general English translation of the word 悲凉. Probably not generally translated as a verb such as "shiver"
    – wpt
    Jun 26, 2017 at 2:35
  • OK. My intention was to convey the meaning, not the pronunciation. I thought maybe the quotation marks would get this intention across. 😫😣 bēi liáng seems to me the sort of feeling you'd have while shivering at some bad memory. Mar 23, 2020 at 13:19

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