2

I recently bought an old wooden item that shows 5 traditional (?) Chinese characters. I tried my very best to translate them by researching all kind of pages, but cannot find some parts I need. Can someone help me translate? And now that I learned a little bit about how signs work I would also be very curious about the meaning of the single parts of them.

Here are the pictures (I believe the signs are mirrored, as with stamps for cookies.)

number 1 and 2 numbers 3 to 5

2

The left two should be 壽富, from top to down. The right ones, from top to down again, are likely to be 富貴X. I am sure about the last character, 屋?

  • 3
    In the left: It's 福 (示 at the top and 畐 at the bottom), not 富. – Stan Apr 19 '16 at 10:36
  • May be you are right. – velut luna Apr 19 '16 at 10:44
2

The last one is '居'. 富贵居.

I don't how to translate it, but not everyone's home can be called 居. Usually belong to an educated man.

0

First four characters should be 喜福富贵, although the last one is a bit tricky.

  • 3
    The first character is 壽 – the sign is a variant of the seal script. And the last one might be 己丑, which only records the year of the mould and is not supposed to mould a mooncake there. – Stan Feb 18 '16 at 18:28
  • Hereby conceded. – user4452 Feb 18 '16 at 19:42
  • @倪阔乐 ......doesn't have to be so reluctant :( Always welcome to discuss any question with me and point out my mistakes. – Stan Mar 20 '16 at 7:55
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As @Jacob mentioned, the last character is「居」, and is quite tricky to identify.

「居」(Baxter-Sagart: /*k(r)a/, /*k(r)a-s/, to dwell/reside) is composed of semantic「尸」(squatting person > body) and phonetic「古」(Baxter-Sagart: /*kˤaʔ/). In turn,「古」was originally composed of semantic「盾」(shield) and a distinguishing mark「口」. The word originally represented by「古」is now written as「固」(solid, sturdy). For reference:

  • Glyph evolution of「古」



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    475
    合集21242
    西周

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    大盂鼎
    集成2837
    現代

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  • Glyph evolution of「盾」



    enter image description here
    2.24.6
    合集16347
    西周

    enter image description here
    小臣宅簋
    集成4201
    西周

    enter image description here
    五年師⿸㫃史
    集成4216
    現代

    enter image description here

     

    In the third form, the shield is reduced to a side view, and「目」(eye) was added, representing a person peeking out from under the full-body cover of a shield.

In the question photo, the「古」in「居」takes the form where the distinguishing mark「口」has not been added and the full frontal form of the shield has not yet been reduced to a shape like「十」.

-1

from upper left to bottom right. first one is富, second one is 贵, 3-己丑, not sure? 4-寿, 5-福

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